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Which Hops Have the Most Caryophyllene?

Caryophyllene Hops

Caryophyllene is a natural terpene that is a constituent of the essential oils of hops and other plants, especially cloves, cannabis and rosemary. Caryophyllene is one of the chemical compounds that contributes to the aroma of black pepper. Some say that caryophyllene has a woody, herbal, European aroma. It has anti-inflammatory properties.

Caryophyllene, like myrcene, is used often in the perfume industry to aid in aroma dispersion. It’s found in foods including ice cream, baked goods and beverages.

Which hops have the most caryophyllene? Below is a table which ranks hops in terms of their caryophyllene content as a percentage of the total oil content.

VarietyCaryophyllene %Aroma Wheel PlacementDescription
Vanguard15.62Floral, HerbalHerbal and floral tones
EKG (UK)14.93Floral, Spicy, Tobacco/EarthySmooth and delicate with floral, lavender, spice, honey, earth, lemon and thyme overtones
Perle (GR)14.67Fruity, Floral, SpicyDelicate floral, fruit, spice and mint tones
Brewers Gold (GR)14.61Fruity, SpicyBlack currant, fruit and spice characteristics
Admiral (UK)14.21Citrus, Tobacco/Earthy, HerbalPleasant, resinous hop aroma with hints of citrus (orange) and herbal flavors
Perle14.03Floral, Spicy, HerbalSlightly spicy with herbal and floral characteristics
Fuggle14.01Fruity, Tobacco/EarthyMild wood and fruit characteristics
Tettnang13.48SpicyNoble aroma that is pleasant and spicy
Northern Brewer13.24Tobacco/Earthy, PineMedium intensity, pine and mint characteristics
Willamette13.18Floral, SpicyMild and pleasant, with slightly spicy and floral tones
Summit12.85Citrus, Spicy, Tobacco/EarthyDistinct spice, earthy, onion, garlic and citrus (pink grapefruit, orange and tangerine) tones
Styrian Celeia12.82FloralPleasant and hoppy, similar to traditional European varieties
WGV (UK)12.54Floral, Tobacco/Earthy, HerbalFresh earthy, botanical and floral flavors
Mt. Hood12.49Spicy, Tobacco/Earthy, HerbalMild, herbal and somewhat pungent or spicy
Golding12.37Floral, SpicyMild and delicate with sweet floral characteristics
Northern Brewer (GR)12.34Floral, HerbalMedium intense herbal and floral tones
Warrior12.06Citrus, Herbal, PineMild and resinous with subtle citrus, pine and herbal characteristics
Palisade11.92Stone Fruit, Herbal, GrassyApricot, grass and clean floral charcteristics
Horizon11.13Floral, SpicyPleasant and spicy, with floral characteristics
Bullion10.95FruityStrong and zesty blackcurrant characteristics
Equinox10.9Citrus, Herbal, Tropical FruitA pronounced aroma profile with citrus, tropical fruit, floral and herbal characteristics. Specific descriptors include lemon, lime, papaya, apple, and green pepper.
Saaz10.78Spicy, Tobacco/EarthyMild spice and earth tones
Hallertau (GR)10.37Mild, yet spicy, with floral and citrus tones
Chelan10.09Citrus, FloralMild floral and citrus characteristics
Ahtanum10.05Citrus, Floral, Tobacco/EarthyFloral, earthy, citrus and grapefruit tones
Magnum9.98No distinct aroma characteristics
Hallertau9.64Floral, Spicy, HerbalMild and pleasant, yet spicy, with herbal and floral characteristics
Brewers Gold9.61Fruity, SpicySpicy, fruity characteristics, black currant
Liberty9.58Citrus, SpicyMild and spicy with subtle lemon and citrus characteristics
Millenium9.26Floral, Tobacco/Earthy, HerbalMild and resinous with floral and herbal tones
Glacier9.11HerbalPleasant hop aroma
Nugget9.07Spicy, HerbalMild and pleasant with spicy, herbal tones
Brewers Delight8.8
Simcoe8.72Citrus, Tobacco/Earthy, PineUnique passionfruit, pine, earth and citrus characteristics
Bitter Gold8.62No specific aroma characteristics
Chinook8.5Citrus, Spicy, PineDistinct, medium intensity spice and pine characteristics with subtle notes of grapefruit
Cluster8.45Floral, SpicyStrong floral and spicy characteristics
Ultra7.99Floral, SpicyMild and pleasant with spicy, floral tones
Santiam7.88Floral, Spicy, HerbalSlightly spicy with herbal and floral characteristics
Tettnang (GR)7.74Floral, Tobacco/Earthy, HerbalMild and pleasant with balanced earthy, herbal and floral aroma impressions
Mt. Rainier7.66Citrus, Floral, SpicyFloral and noble aromas, with citrus and licorice overtones
Sorachi Ace7.63Citrus, Herbal, GrassyUnique lemon and dill characteristics
Columbus7.58Citrus, SpicyPungent, black pepper, licorice characteristics with subtle citrus overtones
Yakima Gold7.47Mild and pleasant
Galena7.44Citrus, Stone Fruit, SpicySpicy, blackcurrant and citrus (grapefruit) tones
Crystal7.34SpicyMild, spicy and floral
Styrian Aurora7.27Floral, PineIntense and pleasant displaying floral, pine and hoppy characteristics
Herkules (GR)7.14FloralSpicy, floral and hop notes with hints of pine, black pepper and melon
Sterling6.66Citrus, SpicyHerbal and spicy, with a hint of floral, citrus (lemon/pineapple) characteristics
Bravo6.62Fruity, FloralPleasant fruity and floral aroma characteristics
Amarillo6.53Citrus, Floral, Tropical FruitFloral, tropical, and citrus (lemon, orange and grapefruit) characteristics
Cascade6.23Fruity, Citrus, FloralMedium intense floral, citrus and grapefruit tones
Citra5.58Fruity, Citrus, Tropical FruitStrong citrus and tropical tones of grapefruit, melon, lime, gooseberry, passion fruit and lychee
Centennial5.23Citrus, FloralMedium intensity floral and citrus (lemon) tones
Mosaic4.24Citrus, Floral, GrassyA complex array of tropical fruit, citrus, berry, herbal, earthy and pine characteristics
Triplepearl3.92Pleasant and balanced with notes of melon, orange citrus, resin, spice and pepper
Tahoma3.79Citrus, Cedar, PinePredominate citrus and lemon notes with cedar, pine, floral, pepper and subtle green melon notes.