Posted on

Which Hops Have a Herbal Aroma?

Herbal Hops

Try these hops types which include a herbal aroma:

Variety Aroma Wheel Placement Description
Admiral (UK) Citrus, Tobacco/Earthy, Herbal Pleasant, resinous hop aroma with hints of citrus (orange) and herbal flavors
Equinox Citrus, Herbal, Tropical Fruit A pronounced aroma profile with citrus, tropical fruit, floral and herbal characteristics. Specific descriptors include lemon, lime, papaya, apple, and green pepper.
Glacier Herbal Pleasant hop aroma
Hallertau Floral, Spicy, Herbal Mild and pleasant, yet spicy, with herbal and floral characteristics
Millenium Floral, Tobacco/Earthy, Herbal Mild and resinous with floral and herbal tones
Mt. Hood Spicy, Tobacco/Earthy, Herbal Mild, herbal and somewhat pungent or spicy
Northern Brewer (GR) Floral, Herbal Medium intense herbal and floral tones
Nugget Spicy, Herbal Mild and pleasant with spicy, herbal tones
Palisade Stone Fruit, Herbal, Grassy Apricot, grass and clean floral charcteristics
Perle Floral, Spicy, Herbal Slightly spicy with herbal and floral characteristics
Santiam Floral, Spicy, Herbal Slightly spicy with herbal and floral characteristics
Sorachi Ace Citrus, Herbal, Grassy Unique lemon and dill characteristics
Tettnang (GR) Floral, Tobacco/Earthy, Herbal Mild and pleasant with balanced earthy, herbal and floral aroma impressions
Vanguard Floral, Herbal Herbal and floral tones
Warrior Citrus, Herbal, Pine Mild and resinous with subtle citrus, pine and herbal characteristics
WGV (UK) Floral, Tobacco/Earthy, Herbal Fresh earthy, botanical and floral flavors
Posted on

Which Hops Have a Citrus Aroma?

Citrus Hops

Try these hops types which include a citrus aroma:

Variety Aroma Wheel Placement Description
Admiral (UK) Citrus, Tobacco/Earthy, Herbal Pleasant, resinous hop aroma with hints of citrus (orange) and herbal flavors
Ahtanum Citrus, Floral, Tobacco/Earthy Floral, earthy, citrus and grapefruit tones
Amarillo Citrus, Floral, Tropical Fruit Floral, tropical, and citrus (lemon, orange and grapefruit) characteristics
Cascade Fruity, Citrus, Floral Medium intense floral, citrus and grapefruit tones
Centennial Citrus, Floral Medium intensity floral and citrus (lemon) tones
Chelan Citrus, Floral Mild floral and citrus characteristics
Chinook Citrus, Spicy, Pine Distinct, medium intensity spice and pine characteristics with subtle notes of grapefruit
Citra Fruity, Citrus, Tropical Fruit Strong citrus and tropical tones of grapefruit, melon, lime, gooseberry, passion fruit and lychee
Columbus Citrus, Spicy Pungent, black pepper, licorice characteristics with subtle citrus overtones
Equinox Citrus, Herbal, Tropical Fruit A pronounced aroma profile with citrus, tropical fruit, floral and herbal characteristics. Specific descriptors include lemon, lime, papaya, apple, and green pepper.
Galena Citrus, Stone Fruit, Spicy Spicy, blackcurrant and citrus (grapefruit) tones
Liberty Citrus, Spicy Mild and spicy with subtle lemon and citrus characteristics
Mosaic Citrus, Floral, Grassy A complex array of tropical fruit, citrus, berry, herbal, earthy and pine characteristics
Mt. Rainier Citrus, Floral, Spicy Floral and noble aromas, with citrus and licorice overtones
Simcoe Citrus, Tobacco/Earthy, Pine Unique passionfruit, pine, earth and citrus characteristics
Sorachi Ace Citrus, Herbal, Grassy Unique lemon and dill characteristics
Sterling Citrus, Spicy Herbal and spicy, with a hint of floral, citrus (lemon/pineapple) characteristics
Summit Citrus, Spicy, Tobacco/Earthy Distinct spice, earthy, onion, garlic and citrus (pink grapefruit, orange and tangerine) tones
Tahoma Citrus, Cedar, Pine Predominate citrus and lemon notes with cedar, pine, floral, pepper and subtle green melon notes.
Warrior Citrus, Herbal, Pine Mild and resinous with subtle citrus, pine and herbal characteristics
Posted on

Which Hops Have the Most Geraniol?

Geraniol Hops

Geraniol has a waxy, sweet rose odour and is found in many but not all hops. It’s found in Cascade, Citra, Centennial, Chinook, Pacific Hallertau, Southern Cross, Motueka, Aurora, and Styrian Golding hops. It isn’t found in UK Challenger, U. S. Challenger, Alsace Strisselspalt, Spalt Select, Sterling, Czech Saaz, Millennium, or German Magnum.

It’s also a primary component of the essential oils of roses, palmarosa and citronella, and is found in small quantities in geranium and lemon. It has a rose-like, floral, and citrus fruit aroma and flavor. Geraniol is also found in coriander, lavender, lemon, lime, nutmeg, orange, rose, blueberry, and blackberry. It is commonly used in perfumes and flavours such as peach, raspberry, grapefruit, red apple, plum, lime, orange, lemon, watermelon, pineapple, and blueberry.

Geraniol attracts bees but repels of mosquitoes and is used in many DEET-free repellent preparations. Geraniol is produced by the scent glands of honeybees to mark nectar-bearing flowers and locate the entrances to their hives.

It has low solubility in water, but it is soluble in common organic solvents. When oxidized, geraniol becomes geranial or citral. Geraniol is a byproduct of the metabolism of sorbate and, thus, is a very unpleasant contaminant of wine if bacteria are allowed to grow in it.

Geraniol is a moderate skin irritant and can cause allergies. Exposed to air, its oxidation products are more irritant and allergenic.

Which hops have the most geraniol? Below is a table which ranks hops in terms of their geraniol content as a percentage of the total oil content.

Variety Geraniol %
Aroma Wheel Placement Description
Brewers Gold 1.34 Fruity, Spicy Spicy, fruity characteristics, black currant
Brewers Gold (GR) 1.16 Fruity, Spicy Black currant, fruit and spice characteristics
Centennial 1.14 Citrus, Floral Medium intensity floral and citrus (lemon) tones
Styrian Aurora 0.85 Floral, Pine Intense and pleasant displaying floral, pine and hoppy characteristics
Cluster 0.83 Floral, Spicy Strong floral and spicy characteristics
Simcoe 0.66 Citrus, Tobacco/Earthy, Pine Unique passionfruit, pine, earth and citrus characteristics
Crystal 0.59 Spicy Mild, spicy and floral
Chinook 0.59 Citrus, Spicy, Pine Distinct, medium intensity spice and pine characteristics with subtle notes of grapefruit
Mosaic 0.59 Citrus, Floral, Grassy A complex array of tropical fruit, citrus, berry, herbal, earthy and pine characteristics
Bravo 0.5 Fruity, Floral Pleasant fruity and floral aroma characteristics
Warrior 0.48 Citrus, Herbal, Pine Mild and resinous with subtle citrus, pine and herbal characteristics
Galena 0.41 Citrus, Stone Fruit, Spicy Spicy, blackcurrant and citrus (grapefruit) tones
Tahoma 0.35 Citrus, Cedar, Pine Predominate citrus and lemon notes with cedar, pine, floral, pepper and subtle green melon notes.
Equinox 0.33 Citrus, Herbal, Tropical Fruit A pronounced aroma profile with citrus, tropical fruit, floral and herbal characteristics. Specific descriptors include lemon, lime, papaya, apple, and green pepper.
Sorachi Ace 0.31 Citrus, Herbal, Grassy Unique lemon and dill characteristics
Summit 0.3 Citrus, Spicy, Tobacco/Earthy Distinct spice, earthy, onion, garlic and citrus (pink grapefruit, orange and tangerine) tones
Citra 0.3 Fruity, Citrus, Tropical Fruit Strong citrus and tropical tones of grapefruit, melon, lime, gooseberry, passion fruit and lychee
Mt. Rainier 0.29 Citrus, Floral, Spicy Floral and noble aromas, with citrus and licorice overtones
Brewers Delight 0.28
Ahtanum 0.27 Citrus, Floral, Tobacco/Earthy Floral, earthy, citrus and grapefruit tones
Chelan 0.27 Citrus, Floral Mild floral and citrus characteristics
Hallertau (GR) 0.26 Mild, yet spicy, with floral and citrus tones
Mt. Hood 0.26 Spicy, Tobacco/Earthy, Herbal Mild, herbal and somewhat pungent or spicy
Columbus 0.26 Citrus, Spicy Pungent, black pepper, licorice characteristics with subtle citrus overtones
Palisade 0.25 Stone Fruit, Herbal, Grassy Apricot, grass and clean floral charcteristics
Hallertau 0.23 Floral, Spicy, Herbal Mild and pleasant, yet spicy, with herbal and floral characteristics
Glacier 0.23 Herbal Pleasant hop aroma
Perle 0.22 Floral, Spicy, Herbal Slightly spicy with herbal and floral characteristics
Saaz 0.22 Spicy, Tobacco/Earthy Mild spice and earth tones
Horizon 0.22 Floral, Spicy Pleasant and spicy, with floral characteristics
Sterling 0.21 Citrus, Spicy Herbal and spicy, with a hint of floral, citrus (lemon/pineapple) characteristics
Bullion 0.21 Fruity Strong and zesty blackcurrant characteristics
Ultra 0.21 Floral, Spicy Mild and pleasant with spicy, floral tones
Newport 0.2 Mild
Northern Brewer (GR) 0.18 Floral, Herbal Medium intense herbal and floral tones
Cascade 0.18 Fruity, Citrus, Floral Medium intense floral, citrus and grapefruit tones
Herkules (GR) 0.16 Floral Spicy, floral and hop notes with hints of pine, black pepper and melon
Amarillo 0.16 Citrus, Floral, Tropical Fruit Floral, tropical, and citrus (lemon, orange and grapefruit) characteristics
EKG (UK) 0.15 Floral, Spicy, Tobacco/Earthy Smooth and delicate with floral, lavender, spice, honey, earth, lemon and thyme overtones
Tettnang 0.15 Spicy Noble aroma that is pleasant and spicy
Northern Brewer 0.15 Tobacco/Earthy, Pine Medium intensity, pine and mint characteristics
Bitter Gold 0.15 No specific aroma characteristics
Magnum 0.14 No distinct aroma characteristics
Tettnang (GR) 0.14 Floral, Tobacco/Earthy, Herbal Mild and pleasant with balanced earthy, herbal and floral aroma impressions
WGV (UK) 0.13 Floral, Tobacco/Earthy, Herbal Fresh earthy, botanical and floral flavors
Millenium 0.13 Floral, Tobacco/Earthy, Herbal Mild and resinous with floral and herbal tones
Admiral (UK) 0.12 Citrus, Tobacco/Earthy, Herbal Pleasant, resinous hop aroma with hints of citrus (orange) and herbal flavors
Willamette 0.12 Floral, Spicy Mild and pleasant, with slightly spicy and floral tones
Fuggle 0.11 Fruity, Tobacco/Earthy Mild wood and fruit characteristics
Styrian Celeia 0.11 Floral Pleasant and hoppy, similar to traditional European varieties
Liberty 0.1 Citrus, Spicy Mild and spicy with subtle lemon and citrus characteristics
Golding 0.09 Floral, Spicy Mild and delicate with sweet floral characteristics
Triplepearl 0.09 Pleasant and balanced with notes of melon, orange citrus, resin, spice and pepper
Vanguard 0.08 Floral, Herbal Herbal and floral tones
Nugget 0.07 Spicy, Herbal Mild and pleasant with spicy, herbal tones
Perle (GR) 0.06 Fruity, Floral, Spicy Delicate floral, fruit, spice and mint tones
Yakima Gold 0.06 Mild and pleasant
Santiam 0.05 Floral, Spicy, Herbal Slightly spicy with herbal and floral characteristics
Posted on

Which Hops Have the Most Farnesene?

Farnesene Hops

Farnesene (including α-Farnesene and β-Farnesene) is a component of the essential oils of hops. Farnesenes have a woody, citrus, floral, herbal aroma and are found in many other plants including hops, ginger, turmeric, ylang-ylang, and chamomile, and also in some insects.

The presence or absence of farnesene (sometimes referred to as beta farnesene) is a distinguishing feature for some hops. In Hallertauer Mittelfrüh and many other (but not all) German varieties; for instance, farnesene is completely absent, while in Czech Saaz, German Tettnanger, all Slovenian varieties, and several American varieties, most notably Sterling, it is present in high levels, at roughly 10% to 20% of total oils.

Because farnesene is hydrophobic and volatile, the compound itself is usually not found in beer unless the beer has been dry hopped with a variety that contains farnesene, and even then it is present in only very small amounts. However, high levels of farnesene in hops generally correlate well with pleasant, noble-type hop aroma in beer.

α-Farnesene is the main compound contributing to the scent of gardenia, making up about 65% of the headspace constituents. It’s also found in the coating of apples, and other fruits, and it is responsible for the characteristic green apple odour. Its oxidation by air forms compounds that are damage the fruit and cause it to bruise and rot. Alpha-farnesene is also used as a flavoring agent, with a floral, woody, vegetable flavour.Farnesenes act as alarm pheromones in termites or food attractants for the apple tree pest, the codling moth.

β-Farnesene is a constituent of various essential oils and it’s also released by aphids as an alarm pheremone upon death to warn away other aphids. B-farnesene is often added to lubricants, greases, personal care products, and plastic and rubber products.

Farnesenes act as alarm pheromones in termites or food attractants for the apple tree pest, the codling moth. Several plants, including potato species, use Farnesene as a natural insect repellent.

Farnesene is known to have anti-inflammatory, calming, antispasmodic, antibacterial, antifungal, and sedative properties.

Which hops have the most farnesene? Below is a table which ranks hops in terms of their farnesene content as a percentage of the total oil content.

Variety Farnesene % Aroma Wheel Placement Description
Tettnang (GR) 23.7 Floral, Tobacco/Earthy, Herbal Mild and pleasant with balanced earthy, herbal and floral aroma impressions
Sterling 17.64 Citrus, Spicy Herbal and spicy, with a hint of floral, citrus (lemon/pineapple) characteristics
Santiam 17.04 Floral, Spicy, Herbal Slightly spicy with herbal and floral characteristics
Saaz 10.84 Spicy, Tobacco/Earthy Mild spice and earth tones
Yakima Gold 9.55 Mild and pleasant
Willamette 7.98 Floral, Spicy Mild and pleasant, with slightly spicy and floral tones
Styrian Celeia 7.15 Floral Pleasant and hoppy, similar to traditional European varieties
Perle (GR) 6.62 Fruity, Floral, Spicy Delicate floral, fruit, spice and mint tones
Admiral (UK) 6.58 Citrus, Tobacco/Earthy, Herbal Pleasant, resinous hop aroma with hints of citrus (orange) and herbal flavors
Fuggle 6.54 Fruity, Tobacco/Earthy Mild wood and fruit characteristics
Styrian Aurora 6.53 Floral, Pine Intense and pleasant displaying floral, pine and hoppy characteristics
Amarillo 6.39 Citrus, Floral, Tropical Fruit Floral, tropical, and citrus (lemon, orange and grapefruit) characteristics
Cascade 6.3 Fruity, Citrus, Floral Medium intense floral, citrus and grapefruit tones
Hallertau 5.7 Floral, Spicy, Herbal Mild and pleasant, yet spicy, with herbal and floral characteristics
Tettnang 5.66 Spicy Noble aroma that is pleasant and spicy
Sorachi Ace 5.03 Citrus, Herbal, Grassy Unique lemon and dill characteristics
Horizon 3.51 Floral, Spicy Pleasant and spicy, with floral characteristics
Hallertau (GR) 2.08 Mild, yet spicy, with floral and citrus tones
EKG (UK) 1.07 Floral, Spicy, Tobacco/Earthy Smooth and delicate with floral, lavender, spice, honey, earth, lemon and thyme overtones
Perle 1.03 Floral, Spicy, Herbal Slightly spicy with herbal and floral characteristics
WGV (UK) 1.01 Floral, Tobacco/Earthy, Herbal Fresh earthy, botanical and floral flavors
Golding 0.71 Floral, Spicy Mild and delicate with sweet floral characteristics
Brewers Delight 0.62
Northern Brewer 0.61 Tobacco/Earthy, Pine Medium intensity, pine and mint characteristics
Liberty 0.55 Citrus, Spicy Mild and spicy with subtle lemon and citrus characteristics
Magnum 0.47 No distinct aroma characteristics
Bullion 0.43 Fruity Strong and zesty blackcurrant characteristics
Newport 0.41 Mild
Vanguard 0.35 Floral, Herbal Herbal and floral tones
Summit 0.33 Citrus, Spicy, Tobacco/Earthy Distinct spice, earthy, onion, garlic and citrus (pink grapefruit, orange and tangerine) tones
Cluster 0.31 Floral, Spicy Strong floral and spicy characteristics
Chinook 0.3 Citrus, Spicy, Pine Distinct, medium intensity spice and pine characteristics with subtle notes of grapefruit
Equinox 0.29 Citrus, Herbal, Tropical Fruit A pronounced aroma profile with citrus, tropical fruit, floral and herbal characteristics. Specific descriptors include lemon, lime, papaya, apple, and green pepper.
Triplepearl 0.28 Pleasant and balanced with notes of melon, orange citrus, resin, spice and pepper
Nugget 0.26 Spicy, Herbal Mild and pleasant with spicy, herbal tones
Brewers Gold 0.23 Fruity, Spicy Spicy, fruity characteristics, black currant
Columbus 0.23 Citrus, Spicy Pungent, black pepper, licorice characteristics with subtle citrus overtones
Galena 0.22 Citrus, Stone Fruit, Spicy Spicy, blackcurrant and citrus (grapefruit) tones
Glacier 0.21 Herbal Pleasant hop aroma
Millenium 0.21 Floral, Tobacco/Earthy, Herbal Mild and resinous with floral and herbal tones
Tahoma 0.21 Citrus, Cedar, Pine Predominate citrus and lemon notes with cedar, pine, floral, pepper and subtle green melon notes.
Brewers Gold (GR) 0.2 Fruity, Spicy Black currant, fruit and spice characteristics
Mt. Hood 0.2 Spicy, Tobacco/Earthy, Herbal Mild, herbal and somewhat pungent or spicy
Simcoe 0.2 Citrus, Tobacco/Earthy, Pine Unique passionfruit, pine, earth and citrus characteristics
Palisade 0.2 Stone Fruit, Herbal, Grassy Apricot, grass and clean floral charcteristics
Centennial 0.2 Citrus, Floral Medium intensity floral and citrus (lemon) tones
Herkules (GR) 0.19 Floral Spicy, floral and hop notes with hints of pine, black pepper and melon
Bitter Gold 0.19 No specific aroma characteristics
Bravo 0.19 Fruity, Floral Pleasant fruity and floral aroma characteristics
Chelan 0.18 Citrus, Floral Mild floral and citrus characteristics
Ultra 0.18 Floral, Spicy Mild and pleasant with spicy, floral tones
Citra 0.15 Fruity, Citrus, Tropical Fruit Strong citrus and tropical tones of grapefruit, melon, lime, gooseberry, passion fruit and lychee
Crystal 0.12 Spicy Mild, spicy and floral
Ahtanum 0.12 Citrus, Floral, Tobacco/Earthy Floral, earthy, citrus and grapefruit tones
Warrior 0.12 Citrus, Herbal, Pine Mild and resinous with subtle citrus, pine and herbal characteristics
Mosaic 0.12 Citrus, Floral, Grassy A complex array of tropical fruit, citrus, berry, herbal, earthy and pine characteristics
Northern Brewer (GR) 0.1 Floral, Herbal Medium intense herbal and floral tones
Mt. Rainier 0.1 Citrus, Floral, Spicy Floral and noble aromas, with citrus and licorice overtones
Posted on

Which Hops have the Most Humulene?

Humulene Hops

Humulene, also known as α-humulene or α-caryophyllene, is one of the components of the essential oil from the flowering cone of the hops plant. It’s a naturally occurring terpene, first found in hops (Humulus lulupus) from which it derives its name. It’s an isomer of β-caryophyllene, and the two are often found together as a mixture in many aromatic plants including pine trees, orange trees, marsh elders, tobacco, and sunflower plants. Humulene is also found in sage, basil, cloves, Japanese spicebush, ginseng, mint, ginger, Vietnamese coriander and cannabis.

The concentration of humulene varies among different varieties of hops but can be up to 40% of the essential oil. Humulene and its reaction products in the brewing process of beer gives many beers their earthy, woody, piney, “hoppy” aroma. It has been said that noble hop varieties have been found to have higher levels of humulene, while other bitter hop varieties contain low levels.

The ratio of humulene to caryophyllene varies from one hop variety to another, but many brewers consider a good aroma to be one that has a ratio of greater than 3:1. Such hops tend to be floral, herbal, and spicy in character.

Some varieties, such as Hallertauer Mittelfrüh and U.K. Kent Golding, may contain 30% or more of their essential oils in humulene, but, because humulene is highly volatile and hydrophobic, only trace quantities of it may actually reach the final beer. Oxidation products of humulene, on the other hand, especially humulene mono-and di-epoxides, can impart significant amounts of aroma to beer. Humulene epoxide III is one of the most potent flavor compounds in Hallertauer Mittelfrüh, for instance, a variety that is high in humulene but relatively low in total oils.

Allowing hops that are high in humulene to age in bales for several weeks prior to pelletizing will result in greater amounts of humulene epoxides, as well as other hop oil oxidation products, which some brewers believe can significantly increase the hops’s aroma potential.

Which hops have the most humulene? Below is a table which ranks hops in terms of their humulene content as a percentage of the total oil content.

Variety Humulene % Aroma Wheel Placement Description
Vanguard 51.1 Floral, Herbal Herbal and floral tones
Admiral (UK) 46.87 Citrus, Tobacco/Earthy, Herbal Pleasant, resinous hop aroma with hints of citrus (orange) and herbal flavors
EKG (UK) 45.95 Floral, Spicy, Tobacco/Earthy Smooth and delicate with floral, lavender, spice, honey, earth, lemon and thyme overtones
Perle (GR) 40.38 Fruity, Floral, Spicy Delicate floral, fruit, spice and mint tones
WGV (UK) 40.36 Floral, Tobacco/Earthy, Herbal Fresh earthy, botanical and floral flavors
Golding 39.84 Floral, Spicy Mild and delicate with sweet floral characteristics
Liberty 37.86 Citrus, Spicy Mild and spicy with subtle lemon and citrus characteristics
Fuggle 36.37 Fruity, Tobacco/Earthy Mild wood and fruit characteristics
Hallertau (GR) 36.18 Mild, yet spicy, with floral and citrus tones
Perle 35.28 Floral, Spicy, Herbal Slightly spicy with herbal and floral characteristics
Tettnang 33.59 Spicy Noble aroma that is pleasant and spicy
Willamette 33.03 Floral, Spicy Mild and pleasant, with slightly spicy and floral tones
Northern Brewer (GR) 32.41 Floral, Herbal Medium intense herbal and floral tones
Hallertau 32.39 Floral, Spicy, Herbal Mild and pleasant, yet spicy, with herbal and floral characteristics
Styrian Celeia 32.13 Floral Pleasant and hoppy, similar to traditional European varieties
Magnum 31.21 No distinct aroma characteristics
Brewers Gold (GR) 30.48 Fruity, Spicy Black currant, fruit and spice characteristics
Northern Brewer 29.44 Tobacco/Earthy, Pine Medium intensity, pine and mint characteristics
Glacier 29.08 Herbal Pleasant hop aroma
Saaz 28.18 Spicy, Tobacco/Earthy Mild spice and earth tones
Tettnang (GR) 27.12 Floral, Tobacco/Earthy, Herbal Mild and pleasant with balanced earthy, herbal and floral aroma impressions
Mt. Hood 26.8 Spicy, Tobacco/Earthy, Herbal Mild, herbal and somewhat pungent or spicy
Crystal 26.58 Spicy Mild, spicy and floral
Santiam 25.81 Floral, Spicy, Herbal Slightly spicy with herbal and floral characteristics
Herkules (GR) 25.62 Floral Spicy, floral and hop notes with hints of pine, black pepper and melon
Styrian Aurora 24.16 Floral, Pine Intense and pleasant displaying floral, pine and hoppy characteristics
Sorachi Ace 22.62 Citrus, Herbal, Grassy Unique lemon and dill characteristics
Yakima Gold 22.62 Mild and pleasant
Millenium 22.2 Floral, Tobacco/Earthy, Herbal Mild and resinous with floral and herbal tones
Ahtanum 20.69 Citrus, Floral, Tobacco/Earthy Floral, earthy, citrus and grapefruit tones
Sterling 19.33 Citrus, Spicy Herbal and spicy, with a hint of floral, citrus (lemon/pineapple) characteristics
Summit 19.21 Citrus, Spicy, Tobacco/Earthy Distinct spice, earthy, onion, garlic and citrus (pink grapefruit, orange and tangerine) tones
Equinox 19.07 Citrus, Herbal, Tropical Fruit A pronounced aroma profile with citrus, tropical fruit, floral and herbal characteristics. Specific descriptors include lemon, lime, papaya, apple, and green pepper.
Bullion 18.84 Fruity Strong and zesty blackcurrant characteristics
Cluster 18.82 Floral, Spicy Strong floral and spicy characteristics
Nugget 18.8 Spicy, Herbal Mild and pleasant with spicy, herbal tones
Chinook 18.35 Citrus, Spicy, Pine Distinct, medium intensity spice and pine characteristics with subtle notes of grapefruit
Mt. Rainier 17.92 Citrus, Floral, Spicy Floral and noble aromas, with citrus and licorice overtones
Amarillo 17.9 Citrus, Floral, Tropical Fruit Floral, tropical, and citrus (lemon, orange and grapefruit) characteristics
Simcoe 17.42 Citrus, Tobacco/Earthy, Pine Unique passionfruit, pine, earth and citrus characteristics
Newport 17.32 Mild
Horizon 16.36 Floral, Spicy Pleasant and spicy, with floral characteristics
Warrior 16.03 Citrus, Herbal, Pine Mild and resinous with subtle citrus, pine and herbal characteristics
Brewers Gold 15.65 Fruity, Spicy Spicy, fruity characteristics, black currant
Brewers Delight 15.22
Palisade 14.89 Stone Fruit, Herbal, Grassy Apricot, grass and clean floral charcteristics
Cascade 14.19 Fruity, Citrus, Floral Medium intense floral, citrus and grapefruit tones
Galena 13.53 Citrus, Stone Fruit, Spicy Spicy, blackcurrant and citrus (grapefruit) tones
Bitter Gold 13.49 No specific aroma characteristics
Chelan 12.66 Citrus, Floral Mild floral and citrus characteristics
Ultra 12.53 Floral, Spicy Mild and pleasant with spicy, floral tones
Columbus 11.99 Citrus, Spicy Pungent, black pepper, licorice characteristics with subtle citrus overtones
Tahoma 11.68 Citrus, Cedar, Pine Predominate citrus and lemon notes with cedar, pine, floral, pepper and subtle green melon notes.
Centennial 10.68 Citrus, Floral Medium intensity floral and citrus (lemon) tones
Mosaic 10.62 Citrus, Floral, Grassy A complex array of tropical fruit, citrus, berry, herbal, earthy and pine characteristics
Bravo 8.97 Fruity, Floral Pleasant fruity and floral aroma characteristics
Citra 8.73 Fruity, Citrus, Tropical Fruit Strong citrus and tropical tones of grapefruit, melon, lime, gooseberry, passion fruit and lychee
Triplepearl 7.2 Pleasant and balanced with notes of melon, orange citrus, resin, spice and pepper
Posted on

Which Hops Have the Most Caryophyllene?

Caryophyllene Hops

Caryophyllene is a natural terpene that is a constituent of the essential oils of hops and other plants, especially cloves, cannabis and rosemary. Caryophyllene is one of the chemical compounds that contributes to the aroma of black pepper. Some say that caryophyllene has a woody, herbal, European aroma. It has anti-inflammatory properties.

Caryophyllene, like myrcene, is used often in the perfume industry to aid in aroma dispersion. It’s found in foods including ice cream, baked goods and beverages.

Which hops have the most caryophyllene? Below is a table which ranks hops in terms of their caryophyllene content as a percentage of the total oil content.

Variety Caryophyllene % Aroma Wheel Placement Description
Vanguard 15.62 Floral, Herbal Herbal and floral tones
EKG (UK) 14.93 Floral, Spicy, Tobacco/Earthy Smooth and delicate with floral, lavender, spice, honey, earth, lemon and thyme overtones
Perle (GR) 14.67 Fruity, Floral, Spicy Delicate floral, fruit, spice and mint tones
Brewers Gold (GR) 14.61 Fruity, Spicy Black currant, fruit and spice characteristics
Admiral (UK) 14.21 Citrus, Tobacco/Earthy, Herbal Pleasant, resinous hop aroma with hints of citrus (orange) and herbal flavors
Perle 14.03 Floral, Spicy, Herbal Slightly spicy with herbal and floral characteristics
Fuggle 14.01 Fruity, Tobacco/Earthy Mild wood and fruit characteristics
Tettnang 13.48 Spicy Noble aroma that is pleasant and spicy
Northern Brewer 13.24 Tobacco/Earthy, Pine Medium intensity, pine and mint characteristics
Willamette 13.18 Floral, Spicy Mild and pleasant, with slightly spicy and floral tones
Summit 12.85 Citrus, Spicy, Tobacco/Earthy Distinct spice, earthy, onion, garlic and citrus (pink grapefruit, orange and tangerine) tones
Styrian Celeia 12.82 Floral Pleasant and hoppy, similar to traditional European varieties
WGV (UK) 12.54 Floral, Tobacco/Earthy, Herbal Fresh earthy, botanical and floral flavors
Mt. Hood 12.49 Spicy, Tobacco/Earthy, Herbal Mild, herbal and somewhat pungent or spicy
Golding 12.37 Floral, Spicy Mild and delicate with sweet floral characteristics
Northern Brewer (GR) 12.34 Floral, Herbal Medium intense herbal and floral tones
Warrior 12.06 Citrus, Herbal, Pine Mild and resinous with subtle citrus, pine and herbal characteristics
Palisade 11.92 Stone Fruit, Herbal, Grassy Apricot, grass and clean floral charcteristics
Horizon 11.13 Floral, Spicy Pleasant and spicy, with floral characteristics
Bullion 10.95 Fruity Strong and zesty blackcurrant characteristics
Equinox 10.9 Citrus, Herbal, Tropical Fruit A pronounced aroma profile with citrus, tropical fruit, floral and herbal characteristics. Specific descriptors include lemon, lime, papaya, apple, and green pepper.
Saaz 10.78 Spicy, Tobacco/Earthy Mild spice and earth tones
Hallertau (GR) 10.37 Mild, yet spicy, with floral and citrus tones
Chelan 10.09 Citrus, Floral Mild floral and citrus characteristics
Ahtanum 10.05 Citrus, Floral, Tobacco/Earthy Floral, earthy, citrus and grapefruit tones
Magnum 9.98 No distinct aroma characteristics
Hallertau 9.64 Floral, Spicy, Herbal Mild and pleasant, yet spicy, with herbal and floral characteristics
Brewers Gold 9.61 Fruity, Spicy Spicy, fruity characteristics, black currant
Liberty 9.58 Citrus, Spicy Mild and spicy with subtle lemon and citrus characteristics
Millenium 9.26 Floral, Tobacco/Earthy, Herbal Mild and resinous with floral and herbal tones
Newport 9.24 Mild
Glacier 9.11 Herbal Pleasant hop aroma
Nugget 9.07 Spicy, Herbal Mild and pleasant with spicy, herbal tones
Brewers Delight 8.8
Simcoe 8.72 Citrus, Tobacco/Earthy, Pine Unique passionfruit, pine, earth and citrus characteristics
Bitter Gold 8.62 No specific aroma characteristics
Chinook 8.5 Citrus, Spicy, Pine Distinct, medium intensity spice and pine characteristics with subtle notes of grapefruit
Cluster 8.45 Floral, Spicy Strong floral and spicy characteristics
Ultra 7.99 Floral, Spicy Mild and pleasant with spicy, floral tones
Santiam 7.88 Floral, Spicy, Herbal Slightly spicy with herbal and floral characteristics
Tettnang (GR) 7.74 Floral, Tobacco/Earthy, Herbal Mild and pleasant with balanced earthy, herbal and floral aroma impressions
Mt. Rainier 7.66 Citrus, Floral, Spicy Floral and noble aromas, with citrus and licorice overtones
Sorachi Ace 7.63 Citrus, Herbal, Grassy Unique lemon and dill characteristics
Columbus 7.58 Citrus, Spicy Pungent, black pepper, licorice characteristics with subtle citrus overtones
Yakima Gold 7.47 Mild and pleasant
Galena 7.44 Citrus, Stone Fruit, Spicy Spicy, blackcurrant and citrus (grapefruit) tones
Crystal 7.34 Spicy Mild, spicy and floral
Styrian Aurora 7.27 Floral, Pine Intense and pleasant displaying floral, pine and hoppy characteristics
Herkules (GR) 7.14 Floral Spicy, floral and hop notes with hints of pine, black pepper and melon
Sterling 6.66 Citrus, Spicy Herbal and spicy, with a hint of floral, citrus (lemon/pineapple) characteristics
Bravo 6.62 Fruity, Floral Pleasant fruity and floral aroma characteristics
Amarillo 6.53 Citrus, Floral, Tropical Fruit Floral, tropical, and citrus (lemon, orange and grapefruit) characteristics
Cascade 6.23 Fruity, Citrus, Floral Medium intense floral, citrus and grapefruit tones
Citra 5.58 Fruity, Citrus, Tropical Fruit Strong citrus and tropical tones of grapefruit, melon, lime, gooseberry, passion fruit and lychee
Centennial 5.23 Citrus, Floral Medium intensity floral and citrus (lemon) tones
Mosaic 4.24 Citrus, Floral, Grassy A complex array of tropical fruit, citrus, berry, herbal, earthy and pine characteristics
Triplepearl 3.92 Pleasant and balanced with notes of melon, orange citrus, resin, spice and pepper
Tahoma 3.79 Citrus, Cedar, Pine Predominate citrus and lemon notes with cedar, pine, floral, pepper and subtle green melon notes.
Posted on

Which Hops Have the Most Linalool?

Linalool Hops

β-linalool, aka linalyl alcohol, linaloyl oxide, allo-ocimenol or linalool, is a terpene alcohol component of the essential oil of hops, and other flowers and spice plants. Over 200 species of plants produce linalool, mainly from the families Lamiaceae (mint and other herbs), Lauraceae (laurels, cinnamon, rosewood), and Rutaceae (citrus fruits), but also birch trees and other plants, from tropical to boreal climate zones, including fungi.

Linalool has a distinctive floral aroma reminiscent of rose as well as lavender and/or bergamot. It also has citrusy and woody notes. Linalool, from coriander oil and sweet orange has a smell described as sweet lavender with a touch of citrus; it is also found in tomato. Linalool found in the oils of rose, neroli and lavender, laurel and sweet basil has a more woody lavender smell.

Linalool is a potent odorant in hops and beer. As an alcohol, it is considered part of the oxygenated fraction of hop oils and consequently is more soluble in wort and beer than its counterpart myrcene. Linalool is found at low levels but it has an extremely low odor threshold for humans. This means it can be a very noticeable component in a beer’s aroma.

β-linalool has multiple commercial applications, the majority of which are based on its pleasant scent (floral, with a touch of spiciness). Linalool is used as a scent in 60% to 80% of perfumed hygiene products and cleaning agents including soaps, detergents, shampoos, and lotions, and is used in insecticides to attract insects. It is also used as a chemical intermediate. One common downstream product of linalool is vitamin E.

Which hops have the most linalool? Below is a table which ranks hops in terms of their linalool content as a percentage of the total oil content.

Variety Linalool % Aroma Wheel Placement Description
Ultra 1.21 Floral, Spicy Mild and pleasant with spicy, floral tones
Horizon 1.1 Floral, Spicy Pleasant and spicy, with floral characteristics
Liberty 1.06 Citrus, Spicy Mild and spicy with subtle lemon and citrus characteristics
Nugget 1.02 Spicy, Herbal Mild and pleasant with spicy, herbal tones
Styrian Aurora 1 Floral, Pine Intense and pleasant displaying floral, pine and hoppy characteristics
Crystal 0.9 Spicy Mild, spicy and floral
Santiam 0.87 Floral, Spicy, Herbal Slightly spicy with herbal and floral characteristics
Mt. Hood 0.83 Spicy, Tobacco/Earthy, Herbal Mild, herbal and somewhat pungent or spicy
Mt. Rainier 0.82 Citrus, Floral, Spicy Floral and noble aromas, with citrus and licorice overtones
Triplepearl 0.8 Pleasant and balanced with notes of melon, orange citrus, resin, spice and pepper
Glacier 0.79 Herbal Pleasant hop aroma
Golding 0.79 Floral, Spicy Mild and delicate with sweet floral characteristics
Hallertau (GR) 0.79 Mild, yet spicy, with floral and citrus tones
Styrian Celeia 0.79 Floral Pleasant and hoppy, similar to traditional European varieties
Fuggle 0.78 Fruity, Tobacco/Earthy, Grassy Mild wood and fruit characteristics
Citra 0.77 Fruity, Citrus, Tropical Fruit Strong citrus and tropical tones of grapefruit, melon, lime, gooseberry, passion fruit and lychee
Hallertau 0.77 Floral, Spicy, Herbal Mild and pleasant, yet spicy, with herbal and floral characteristics
Tettnang 0.76 Spicy Noble aroma that is pleasant and spicy
Bullion 0.74 Fruity Strong and zesty blackcurrant characteristics
Saaz 0.71 Spicy, Tobacco/Earthy Mild spice and earth tones
Tahoma 0.71 Citrus, Cedar, Pine Predominate citrus and lemon notes with cedar, pine, floral, pepper and subtle green melon notes.
Willamette 0.71 Floral, Spicy Mild and pleasant, with slightly spicy and floral tones
Mosaic 0.69 Citrus, Floral, Grassy A complex array of tropical fruit, citrus, berry, herbal, earthy and pine characteristics
Brewers Gold 0.68 Fruity, Spicy Spicy, fruity characteristics, black currant
Centennial 0.67 Citrus, Floral Medium intensity floral and citrus (lemon) tones
Sterling 0.66 Citrus, Spicy Herbal and spicy, with a hint of floral, citrus (lemon/pineapple) characteristics
Amarillo 0.61 Citrus, Floral, Tropical Fruit Floral, tropical, and citrus (lemon, orange and grapefruit) characteristics
Simcoe 0.61 Citrus, Tobacco/Earthy, Pine Unique passionfruit, pine, earth and citrus characteristics
EKG (UK) 0.56 Floral, Spicy, Tobacco/Earthy Smooth and delicate with floral, lavender, spice, honey, earth, lemon and thyme overtones
Equinox 0.56 Citrus, Herbal, Tropical Fruit A pronounced aroma profile with citrus, tropical fruit, floral and herbal characteristics. Specific descriptors include lemon, lime, papaya, apple, and green pepper.
WGV (UK) 0.56 Floral, Tobacco/Earthy, Herbal Fresh earthy, botanical and floral flavors
Millenium 0.55 Floral, Tobacco/Earthy, Herbal Mild and resinous with floral and herbal tones
Bitter Gold 0.54 No specific aroma characteristics
Brewers Gold (GR) 0.52 Fruity, Spicy Black currant, fruit and spice characteristics
Tettnang (GR) 0.52 Floral, Tobacco/Earthy, Herbal Mild and pleasant with balanced earthy, herbal and floral aroma impressions
Sorachi Ace 0.51 Citrus, Herbal, Grassy Unique lemon and dill characteristics
Cascade 0.49 Fruity, Citrus, Floral Medium intense floral, citrus and grapefruit tones
Newport 0.49 Mild
Northern Brewer (GR) 0.49 Floral, Herbal Medium intense herbal and floral tones
Northern Brewer 0.48 Tobacco/Earthy, Pine Medium intensity, pine and mint characteristics
Bravo 0.47 Fruity, Floral Pleasant fruity and floral aroma characteristics
Cluster 0.46 Floral, Spicy Strong floral and spicy characteristics
Brewers Delight 0.45
Chinook 0.45 Citrus, Spicy, Pine Distinct, medium intensity spice and pine characteristics with subtle notes of grapefruit
Columbus 0.45 Citrus, Spicy Pungent, black pepper, licorice characteristics with subtle citrus overtones
Warrior 0.45 Citrus, Herbal, Pine Mild and resinous with subtle citrus, pine and herbal characteristics
Palisade 0.43 Stone Fruit, Herbal, Grassy Apricot, grass and clean floral charcteristics
Galena 0.42 Citrus, Stone Fruit, Spicy Spicy, blackcurrant and citrus (grapefruit) tones
Perle 0.41 Floral, Spicy, Herbal Slightly spicy with herbal and floral characteristics
Chelan 0.39 Citrus, Floral Mild floral and citrus characteristics
Magnum 0.39 No distinct aroma characteristics
Ahtanum 0.36 Citrus, Floral, Tobacco/Earthy Floral, earthy, citrus and grapefruit tones
Summit 0.33 Citrus, Spicy, Tobacco/Earthy Distinct spice, earthy, onion, garlic and citrus (pink grapefruit, orange and tangerine) tones
Perle (GR) 0.32 Fruity, Floral, Spicy Delicate floral, fruit, spice and mint tones
Yakima Gold 0.3 Mild and pleasant
Herkules (GR) 0.27 Floral Spicy, floral and hop notes with hints of pine, black pepper and melon
Vanguard 0.2 Floral, Herbal Herbal and floral tones
Admiral (UK) 0.17 Citrus, Tobacco/Earthy, Herbal Pleasant, resinous hop aroma with hints of citrus (orange) and herbal flavors
Posted on

Which Hops Have the Most Myrcene?

Myrcene Hops

Myrcene, or β-myrcene, is a significant component of the essential oil of hops, and other highly fragrant plants including mangoes, bay laurel leaves, cannabis, ylang-ylang, thyme, lemongrass, basil, parsley and cardamom.

Myrcene is the terpene most frequently found in cannabis and it is considered one of the ten primary terpenes. It’s often referred to as one of the most “earthy” smelling varieties of terpene, featuring musky notes likened to cloves. Some say that myrcene flavour and aroma is green, resinous and piney, others say floral, citrus and piney.

Myrcene is widely used in the perfume industry, although rarely as a fragrant compound in its own right; more commonly, it is used as an industrial precursor to various other terpenes including geraniol, menthol, citral and nerol.

Studies have shown that myrcene tends to encourage the notorious “couch-lock” induced by the sedative qualities of THC and a high concentration of Myrcene. At the same time, many myrcene strains are known for producing joyful and euphoric effects, in addition to an overall feeling of relaxation.

Which hops have the most myrcene? Below is a table which ranks hops in terms of their myrcene content as a percentage of the total oil content.

Variety Myrcene % Aroma Wheel Placement Description
Citra 66.53 Fruity, Citrus, Tropical Fruit Strong citrus and tropical tones of grapefruit, melon, lime, gooseberry, passion fruit and lychee
Centennial 65.37 Citrus, Floral Medium intensity floral and citrus (lemon) tones
Tahoma 64.23 Citrus, Cedar, Pine Predominate citrus and lemon notes with cedar, pine, floral, pepper and subtle green melon notes.
Bravo 62.37 Fruity, Floral Pleasant fruity and floral aroma characteristics
Mosaic 61.84 Citrus, Floral, Grassy A complex array of tropical fruit, citrus, berry, herbal, earthy and pine characteristics
Mt. Rainier 58.04 Citrus, Floral, Spicy Floral and noble aromas, with citrus and licorice overtones
Ultra 56.74 Floral, Spicy Mild and pleasant with spicy, floral tones
Brewers Gold 56.44 Fruity, Spicy Spicy, fruity characteristics, black currant
Cascade 56.33 Fruity, Citrus, Floral Medium intense floral, citrus and grapefruit tones
Triplepearl 55.89 Pleasant and balanced with notes of melon, orange citrus, resin, spice and pepper
Ahtanum 54.11 Citrus, Floral, Tobacco/Earthy Floral, earthy, citrus and grapefruit tones
Columbus 53.2 Citrus, Spicy Pungent, black pepper, licorice characteristics with subtle citrus overtones
Bitter Gold 53.02 No specific aroma characteristics
Palisade 52.51 Stone Fruit, Herbal, Grassy Apricot, grass and clean floral charcteristics
Newport 52.21 Mild
Amarillo 52.14 Citrus, Floral, Tropical Fruit Floral, tropical, and citrus (lemon, orange and grapefruit) characteristics
Nugget 51.15 Spicy, Herbal Mild and pleasant with spicy, herbal tones
Sorachi Ace 50.49 Citrus, Herbal, Grassy Unique lemon and dill characteristics
Simcoe 50.35 Citrus, Tobacco/Earthy, Pine Unique passionfruit, pine, earth and citrus characteristics
Chelan 50.35 Citrus, Floral Mild floral and citrus characteristics
Horizon 49.79 Floral, Spicy Pleasant and spicy, with floral characteristics
Bullion 49.11 Fruity Strong and zesty blackcurrant characteristics
Galena 47.45 Citrus, Stone Fruit, Spicy Spicy, blackcurrant and citrus (grapefruit) tones
Brewers Delight 45.9
Warrior 44.77 Citrus, Herbal, Pine Mild and resinous with subtle citrus, pine and herbal characteristics
Crystal 44.67 Spicy Mild, spicy and floral
Millenium 44.55 Floral, Tobacco/Earthy, Herbal Mild and resinous with floral and herbal tones
Herkules (GR) 44.25 Floral Spicy, floral and hop notes with hints of pine, black pepper and melon
Glacier 43.95 Herbal Pleasant hop aroma
Cluster 43.69 Floral, Spicy Strong floral and spicy characteristics
Mt. Hood 41.97 Spicy, Tobacco/Earthy, Herbal Mild, herbal and somewhat pungent or spicy
Summit 41.41 Citrus, Spicy, Tobacco/Earthy Distinct spice, earthy, onion, garlic and citrus (pink grapefruit, orange and tangerine) tones
Magnum 41.24 No distinct aroma characteristics
Sterling 40.13 Citrus, Spicy Herbal and spicy, with a hint of floral, citrus (lemon/pineapple) characteristics
Northern Brewer 39.86 Tobacco/Earthy, Pine Medium intensity, pine and mint characteristics
Yakima Gold 39.62 Mild and pleasant
Chinook 38.21 Citrus, Spicy, Pine Distinct, medium intensity spice and pine characteristics with subtle notes of grapefruit
Styrian Aurora 36.68 Floral, Pine Intense and pleasant displaying floral, pine and hoppy characteristics
Northern Brewer (GR) 35.47 Floral, Herbal Medium intense herbal and floral tones
Equinox 34.09 Citrus, Herbal, Tropical Fruit A pronounced aroma profile with citrus, tropical fruit, floral and herbal characteristics. Specific descriptors include lemon, lime, papaya, apple, and green pepper.
Perle 33.04 Floral, Spicy, Herbal Slightly spicy with herbal and floral characteristics
Saaz 32.28 Spicy, Tobacco/Earthy Mild spice and earth tones
Hallertau 30.9 Floral, Spicy, Herbal Mild and pleasant, yet spicy, with herbal and floral characteristics
Liberty 29.94 Citrus, Spicy Mild and spicy with subtle lemon and citrus characteristics
Tettnang 28.82 Spicy Noble aroma that is pleasant and spicy
Willamette 28.01 Floral, Spicy Mild and pleasant, with slightly spicy and floral tones
Brewers Gold (GR) 26.55 Fruity, Spicy Black currant, fruit and spice characteristics
Perle (GR) 25.91 Fruity, Floral, Spicy Delicate floral, fruit, spice and mint tones
Golding 25.89 Floral, Spicy Mild and delicate with sweet floral characteristics
Hallertau (GR) 24.93 Mild, yet spicy, with floral and citrus tones
Santiam 24.59 Floral, Spicy, Herbal Slightly spicy with herbal and floral characteristics
Fuggle 24.24 Fruity, Tobacco/Earthy Mild wood and fruit characteristics
WGV (UK) 22.42 Floral, Tobacco/Earthy, Herbal Fresh earthy, botanical and floral flavors
Styrian Celeia 17.6 Floral Pleasant and hoppy, similar to traditional European varieties
EKG (UK) 15.63 Floral, Spicy, Tobacco/Earthy Smooth and delicate with floral, lavender, spice, honey, earth, lemon and thyme overtones
Tettnang (GR) 11.8 Floral, Tobacco/Earthy, Herbal Mild and pleasant with balanced earthy, herbal and floral aroma impressions
Admiral (UK) 4.8 Citrus, Tobacco/Earthy, Herbal Pleasant, resinous hop aroma with hints of citrus (orange) and herbal flavors
Vanguard 4.63 Floral, Herbal Herbal and floral tones
Posted on

Which Hops are the Hoppiest?

What's the hoppiest hop?

Which hops are the hoppiest? That depends on what you mean by hoppy. Some people associate bitterness with hops, others associate aroma and flavour with hops. Some beers with loads of hops aren’t bitter, others with loads of hops don’t have as much aroma. Hops can be added at different stages of the brew process to increase bitterness (early) or flavour and aroma (late). Let’s explore the hops contents which influence hop bitterness, aroma and flavour.

Which hops have the most flavour and aroma?

In short, the hops which have the most flavour also have the most essential oil content. Hops are partially comprised of essential oils that dictate flavour and aromatic qualities when added within the last 15 minutes of the wort boil, or when dry hopped in the fermenter. In general, hops which are boiled lose their oils; the longer they’re boiled, the less aroma and flavour they impart, except for Beta-demascenone levels which increase with boiling time. Beta-demascenone imparts a flavour of stale hops.

Hop essential oils are found in the lupulin gland, where they are formed in the final stages of hop cone maturation. As the hop cone ripens, trace amounts of oxygenated compounds of the essential oil appear first. Caryophyllene and humulene follow next, and then myrcene.

Flavours and aromas increase with the percentage of oil content in the hops. Aromas and flavours can have hints of apple, pear, melon, berry, floral, spicy, herbal, pine, resin, grass, earth/wood, onion/garlic, dank/catty, citrus, tropical fruit and stonefruit. Here is an opinion on the notes / character provided by different types of essential oils found in hops:

caryophyllene » woody (others say herbal and European)
citronellol » citrusy, fruity
farnesene » floral
geraniol » floral, rose, geranium
humulene » woody, piney (others say spicy, herbal and European)
limonene » citrusy, orange
linalool » floral, orange
myrcene » green, resinous, piney (others say floral, citrus and piney)
nerol » rose, citrusy
pinene » spicy, piney
3-mercaptohexanol » guava, tropical
3 mercaptoheyl acetate » muscat, passion fruit
4-mercapto-4-methyl-pentan-2-one » black currant, tropical

If you’re keen to develop your aroma experience, it’s possible to find isolated alpha acids for purchase.

If you’re using a blend of hops, try using a hop oils calculator to visualise the flavours and aromas on a radial graph (spider chart).

Here’s a table ranking hops by total oil content:

Variety Total oil Aroma Wheel Placement Description
Equinox 3.6 Citrus, Herbal, Tropical Fruit A pronounced aroma profile with citrus, tropical fruit, floral and herbal characteristics. Specific descriptors include lemon, lime, papaya, apple, and green pepper.
Bravo 3.2 Fruity, Floral Pleasant fruity and floral aroma characteristics
Columbus 2.9 Citrus, Spicy Pungent, black pepper, licorice characteristics with subtle citrus overtones
Citra 2.8 Fruity, Citrus, Tropical Fruit Strong citrus and tropical tones of grapefruit, melon, lime, gooseberry, passion fruit and lychee
Centennial 2.4 Citrus, Floral Medium intensity floral and citrus (lemon) tones
Sorachi Ace 2.3 Citrus, Herbal, Grassy Unique lemon and dill characteristics
Millenium 2.2 Floral, Tobacco/Earthy, Herbal Mild and resinous with floral and herbal tones
Nugget 2.2 Spicy, Herbal Mild and pleasant with spicy, herbal tones
Mosaic 2 Citrus, Floral, Grassy A complex array of tropical fruit, citrus, berry, herbal, earthy and pine characteristics
Chinook 2 Citrus, Spicy, Pine Distinct, medium intensity spice and pine characteristics with subtle notes of grapefruit
Brewers Gold 2 Fruity, Spicy Spicy, fruity characteristics, black currant
Simcoe 1.9 Citrus, Tobacco/Earthy, Pine Unique passionfruit, pine, earth and citrus characteristics
Mt. Hood 1.9 Spicy, Tobacco/Earthy, Herbal Mild, herbal and somewhat pungent or spicy
Warrior 1.8 Citrus, Herbal, Pine Mild and resinous with subtle citrus, pine and herbal characteristics
Galena 1.8 Citrus, Stone Fruit, Spicy Spicy, blackcurrant and citrus (grapefruit) tones
Newport 1.8 Mild
Triplepearl 1.8 Pleasant and balanced with notes of melon, orange citrus, resin, spice and pepper
Herkules (GR) 1.7 Floral Spicy, floral and hop notes with hints of pine, black pepper and melon
Amarillo 1.7 Citrus, Floral, Tropical Fruit Floral, tropical, and citrus (lemon, orange and grapefruit) characteristics
Santiam 1.7 Floral, Spicy, Herbal Slightly spicy with herbal and floral characteristics
Summit 1.6 Citrus, Spicy, Tobacco/Earthy Distinct spice, earthy, onion, garlic and citrus (pink grapefruit, orange and tangerine) tones
Magnum 1.6 No distinct aroma characteristics
Palisade 1.6 Stone Fruit, Herbal, Grassy Apricot, grass and clean floral charcteristics
Cascade 1.5 Fruity, Citrus, Floral Medium intense floral, citrus and grapefruit tones
Chelan 1.4 Citrus, Floral Mild floral and citrus characteristics
Bitter Gold 1.4 No specific aroma characteristics
Brewers Delight 1.4
Northern Brewer 1.4 Tobacco/Earthy, Pine Medium intensity, pine and mint characteristics
Sterling 1.4 Citrus, Spicy Herbal and spicy, with a hint of floral, citrus (lemon/pineapple) characteristics
Crystal 1.4 Spicy Mild, spicy and floral
Tahoma 1.3 Citrus, Cedar, Pine Predominate citrus and lemon notes with cedar, pine, floral, pepper and subtle green melon notes.
Northern Brewer (GR) 1.3 Floral, Herbal Medium intense herbal and floral tones
Mt. Rainier 1.3 Citrus, Floral, Spicy Floral and noble aromas, with citrus and licorice overtones
Ahtanum 1.3 Citrus, Floral, Tobacco/Earthy Floral, earthy, citrus and grapefruit tones
Horizon 1.2 Floral, Spicy Pleasant and spicy, with floral characteristics
Perle 1.2 Floral, Spicy, Herbal Slightly spicy with herbal and floral characteristics
Bullion 1.2 Fruity Strong and zesty blackcurrant characteristics
Saaz 1.2 Spicy, Tobacco/Earthy Mild spice and earth tones
Willamette 1.2 Floral, Spicy Mild and pleasant, with slightly spicy and floral tones
Perle (GR) 1.1 Fruity, Floral, Spicy Delicate floral, fruit, spice and mint tones
Liberty 1.1 Citrus, Spicy Mild and spicy with subtle lemon and citrus characteristics
Ultra 1 Floral, Spicy Mild and pleasant with spicy, floral tones
Yakima Gold 1 Mild and pleasant
WGV (UK) 0.9 Floral, Tobacco/Earthy, Herbal Fresh earthy, botanical and floral flavors
Glacier 0.9 Herbal Pleasant hop aroma
Styrian Aurora 0.8 Floral, Pine Intense and pleasant displaying floral, pine and hoppy characteristics
Hallertau 0.8 Floral, Spicy, Herbal Mild and pleasant, yet spicy, with herbal and floral characteristics
Brewers Gold (GR) 0.8 Fruity, Spicy Black currant, fruit and spice characteristics
Hallertau (GR) 0.8 Mild, yet spicy, with floral and citrus tones
Styrian Celeia 0.8 Floral Pleasant and hoppy, similar to traditional European varieties
Golding 0.7 Floral, Spicy Mild and delicate with sweet floral characteristics
Tettnang 0.7 Spicy Noble aroma that is pleasant and spicy
Fuggle 0.7 Fruity, Tobacco/Earthy Mild wood and fruit characteristics
Vanguard 0.6 Floral, Herbal Herbal and floral tones
Cluster 0.5 Floral, Spicy Strong floral and spicy characteristics
Tettnang (GR) 0.5 Floral, Tobacco/Earthy, Herbal Mild and pleasant with balanced earthy, herbal and floral aroma impressions
EKG (UK) 0.4 Floral, Spicy, Tobacco/Earthy Smooth and delicate with floral, lavender, spice, honey, earth, lemon and thyme overtones
Admiral (UK) 0.2 Citrus, Tobacco/Earthy, Herbal Pleasant, resinous hop aroma with hints of citrus (orange) and herbal flavors

Which hops are the most bitter?

In short, the most bitter hops have the highest alpha acid content. Bitterness increases with the percentage of alpha acids content in the hops. Bitterness in beer is measured in International Bitterness Units (IBUs) which represent the parts per million of iso-alpha acid present in a beer.

Brewers believe that alpha acids are of primary importance to consider when brewing a beer.  Beta acids are only important when considered in context with alpha acids.  As compared to humulone, the addition of some carbons on the lower part of the lupulone molecule result in beta acids being insoluble.  Alpha acids are soluble in the brewing process and are converted to iso-alpha acids.  Iso-alpha acids content is measured and reported as International Bitterness Units (IBUs).  Beta acids on the other hand are relatively insoluble during brewing and therefore do not contribute much to the perceived bitterness of beer.

Beta acids comprise a significant percentage of lupulin and hop oils.  In fact, most hops contain just as many beta acids as alpha acids.  The beta acids do not seem important during the brewing process.  However, beta acids isomerize when stored over time.  And when they isomerize, beta acids do contribute to perceived bitterness.  In fact, isomerized beta acids are perceived as being much more bitter than alpha acids (and not in a good way).  Therefore, the ratio of alpha acids to beta acids does seem to matter in the sense that a higher alpha to beta ratio is better than a low alpha to beta ratio.

Below is a list of some known alpha and beta acids:

Alpha acids:
(1) Humulone
(2) Cohumulone
(3) Adhumulone
(4) Posthumulone
(5) Prehumulone

Beta acids:
(1) Lupulone
(2) Colupulone
(3) Adlupulone

Which hops have the most alpha-acids? Here is a table ranking hops by bitterness based on alpha acid content:

Variety Alpha Aroma Wheel Placement Description
Herkules (GR) 17.2 Floral Spicy, floral and hop notes with hints of pine, black pepper and melon
Summit 17.1 Citrus, Spicy, Tobacco/Earthy Distinct spice, earthy, onion, garlic and citrus (pink grapefruit, orange and tangerine) tones
Millenium 16.8 Floral, Tobacco/Earthy, Herbal Mild and resinous with floral and herbal tones
Columbus 16.5 Citrus, Spicy Pungent, black pepper, licorice characteristics with subtle citrus overtones
Bravo 16.1 Fruity, Floral Pleasant fruity and floral aroma characteristics
Warrior 15.9 Citrus, Herbal, Pine Mild and resinous with subtle citrus, pine and herbal characteristics
Nugget 15.3 Spicy, Herbal Mild and pleasant with spicy, herbal tones
Equinox 15.2 Citrus, Herbal, Tropical Fruit A pronounced aroma profile with citrus, tropical fruit, floral and herbal characteristics. Specific descriptors include lemon, lime, papaya, apple, and green pepper.
Galena 14.7 Citrus, Stone Fruit, Spicy Spicy, blackcurrant and citrus (grapefruit) tones
Admiral (UK) 14.2 Citrus, Tobacco/Earthy, Herbal Pleasant, resinous hop aroma with hints of citrus (orange) and herbal flavors
Chelan 14.1 Citrus, Floral Mild floral and citrus characteristics
Citra 13.8 Fruity, Citrus, Tropical Fruit Strong citrus and tropical tones of grapefruit, melon, lime, gooseberry, passion fruit and lychee
Magnum 13.7 No distinct aroma characteristics
Bitter Gold 13.6 No specific aroma characteristics
Simcoe 13.6 Citrus, Tobacco/Earthy, Pine Unique passionfruit, pine, earth and citrus characteristics
Mosaic 13.2 Citrus, Floral, Grassy A complex array of tropical fruit, citrus, berry, herbal, earthy and pine characteristics
Chinook 13.2 Citrus, Spicy, Pine Distinct, medium intensity spice and pine characteristics with subtle notes of grapefruit
Sorachi Ace 11.7 Citrus, Herbal, Grassy Unique lemon and dill characteristics
Newport 11.6 Mild
Brewers Delight 11.4
Horizon 10.4 Floral, Spicy Pleasant and spicy, with floral characteristics
Centennial 10.2 Citrus, Floral Medium intensity floral and citrus (lemon) tones
Brewers Gold 10 Fruity, Spicy Spicy, fruity characteristics, black currant
Triplepearl 9.3 Pleasant and balanced with notes of melon, orange citrus, resin, spice and pepper
Ultra 9.1 Floral, Spicy Mild and pleasant with spicy, floral tones
Amarillo 9 Citrus, Floral, Tropical Fruit Floral, tropical, and citrus (lemon, orange and grapefruit) characteristics
Palisade 8.4 Stone Fruit, Herbal, Grassy Apricot, grass and clean floral charcteristics
Perle 8.3 Floral, Spicy, Herbal Slightly spicy with herbal and floral characteristics
Cluster 8.2 Floral, Spicy Strong floral and spicy characteristics
Northern Brewer 8.2 Tobacco/Earthy, Pine Medium intensity, pine and mint characteristics
Bullion 8.1 Fruity Strong and zesty blackcurrant characteristics
Sterling 8 Citrus, Spicy Herbal and spicy, with a hint of floral, citrus (lemon/pineapple) characteristics
Cascade 7.4 Fruity, Citrus, Floral Medium intense floral, citrus and grapefruit tones
Yakima Gold 7.4 Mild and pleasant
Santiam 7.4 Floral, Spicy, Herbal Slightly spicy with herbal and floral characteristics
Styrian Aurora 7.2 Floral, Pine Intense and pleasant displaying floral, pine and hoppy characteristics
Tahoma 6.8 Citrus, Cedar, Pine Predominate citrus and lemon notes with cedar, pine, floral, pepper and subtle green melon notes.
Northern Brewer (GR) 6.8 Floral, Herbal Medium intense herbal and floral tones
Mt. Hood 6.5 Spicy, Tobacco/Earthy, Herbal Mild, herbal and somewhat pungent or spicy
Saaz 6.3 Spicy, Tobacco/Earthy Mild spice and earth tones
Mt. Rainier 6.1 Citrus, Floral, Spicy Floral and noble aromas, with citrus and licorice overtones
Perle (GR) 6.1 Fruity, Floral, Spicy Delicate floral, fruit, spice and mint tones
WGV (UK) 5.9 Floral, Tobacco/Earthy, Herbal Fresh earthy, botanical and floral flavors
Willamette 5.4 Floral, Spicy Mild and pleasant, with slightly spicy and floral tones
Vanguard 5.4 Floral, Herbal Herbal and floral tones
Golding 5.1 Floral, Spicy Mild and delicate with sweet floral characteristics
EKG (UK) 5.1 Floral, Spicy, Tobacco/Earthy Smooth and delicate with floral, lavender, spice, honey, earth, lemon and thyme overtones
Glacier 5 Herbal Pleasant hop aroma
Hallertau 4.9 Floral, Spicy, Herbal Mild and pleasant, yet spicy, with herbal and floral characteristics
Tettnang 4.9 Spicy Noble aroma that is pleasant and spicy
Liberty 4.7 Citrus, Spicy Mild and spicy with subtle lemon and citrus characteristics
Brewers Gold (GR) 4.7 Fruity, Spicy Black currant, fruit and spice characteristics
Crystal 4.6 Spicy Mild, spicy and floral
Fuggle 4.4 Fruity, Tobacco/Earthy Mild wood and fruit characteristics
Ahtanum 4.3 Citrus, Floral, Tobacco/Earthy Floral, earthy, citrus and grapefruit tones
Hallertau (GR) 3.8 Mild, yet spicy, with floral and citrus tones
Tettnang (GR) 3.4 Floral, Tobacco/Earthy, Herbal Mild and pleasant with balanced earthy, herbal and floral aroma impressions
Styrian Celeia 2.7 Floral Pleasant and hoppy, similar to traditional European varieties

Here is a table ranking the quality of bitterness:

Variety Alpha/Beta Aroma Wheel Placement Description
Citra 3.73 Fruity, Citrus, Tropical Fruit Strong citrus and tropical tones of grapefruit, melon, lime, gooseberry, passion fruit and lychee
Bravo 3.66 Fruity, Floral Pleasant fruity and floral aroma characteristics
Mosaic 3.57 Citrus, Floral, Grassy A complex array of tropical fruit, citrus, berry, herbal, earthy and pine characteristics
Chinook 3.57 Citrus, Spicy, Pine Distinct, medium intensity spice and pine characteristics with subtle notes of grapefruit
Nugget 3.40 Spicy, Herbal Mild and pleasant with spicy, herbal tones
Simcoe 3.40 Citrus, Tobacco/Earthy, Pine Unique passionfruit, pine, earth and citrus characteristics
Warrior 3.31 Citrus, Herbal, Pine Mild and resinous with subtle citrus, pine and herbal characteristics
Summit 3.23 Citrus, Spicy, Tobacco/Earthy Distinct spice, earthy, onion, garlic and citrus (pink grapefruit, orange and tangerine) tones
Millenium 3.17 Floral, Tobacco/Earthy, Herbal Mild and resinous with floral and herbal tones
Equinox 3.17 Citrus, Herbal, Tropical Fruit A pronounced aroma profile with citrus, tropical fruit, floral and herbal characteristics. Specific descriptors include lemon, lime, papaya, apple, and green pepper.
Columbus 3.06 Citrus, Spicy Pungent, black pepper, licorice characteristics with subtle citrus overtones
Herkules (GR) 3.02 Floral Spicy, floral and hop notes with hints of pine, black pepper and melon
Triplepearl 2.91 Pleasant and balanced with notes of melon, orange citrus, resin, spice and pepper
Centennial 2.55 Citrus, Floral Medium intensity floral and citrus (lemon) tones
Bitter Gold 2.43 No specific aroma characteristics
Ultra 2.39 Floral, Spicy Mild and pleasant with spicy, floral tones
Brewers Delight 2.28
Golding 2.22 Floral, Spicy Mild and delicate with sweet floral characteristics
Styrian Aurora 2.18 Floral, Pine Intense and pleasant displaying floral, pine and hoppy characteristics
Perle 2.13 Floral, Spicy, Herbal Slightly spicy with herbal and floral characteristics
Magnum 2.11 No distinct aroma characteristics
Yakima Gold 2.00 Mild and pleasant
Admiral (UK) 1.97 Citrus, Tobacco/Earthy, Herbal Pleasant, resinous hop aroma with hints of citrus (orange) and herbal flavors
Northern Brewer 1.95 Tobacco/Earthy, Pine Medium intensity, pine and mint characteristics
Brewers Gold 1.92 Fruity, Spicy Spicy, fruity characteristics, black currant
Bullion 1.84 Fruity Strong and zesty blackcurrant characteristics
Newport 1.78 Mild
Sorachi Ace 1.72 Citrus, Herbal, Grassy Unique lemon and dill characteristics
EKG (UK) 1.70 Floral, Spicy, Tobacco/Earthy Smooth and delicate with floral, lavender, spice, honey, earth, lemon and thyme overtones
Tettnang 1.69 Spicy Noble aroma that is pleasant and spicy
Galena 1.69 Citrus, Stone Fruit, Spicy Spicy, blackcurrant and citrus (grapefruit) tones
Horizon 1.65 Floral, Spicy Pleasant and spicy, with floral characteristics
Fuggle 1.63 Fruity, Tobacco/Earthy Mild wood and fruit characteristics
Northern Brewer (GR) 1.58 Floral, Herbal Medium intense herbal and floral tones
Hallertau 1.58 Floral, Spicy, Herbal Mild and pleasant, yet spicy, with herbal and floral characteristics
WGV (UK) 1.55 Floral, Tobacco/Earthy, Herbal Fresh earthy, botanical and floral flavors
Cluster 1.55 Floral, Spicy Strong floral and spicy characteristics
Sterling 1.51 Citrus, Spicy Herbal and spicy, with a hint of floral, citrus (lemon/pineapple) characteristics
Chelan 1.50 Citrus, Floral Mild floral and citrus characteristics
Willamette 1.46 Floral, Spicy Mild and pleasant, with slightly spicy and floral tones
Amarillo 1.45 Citrus, Floral, Tropical Fruit Floral, tropical, and citrus (lemon, orange and grapefruit) characteristics
Liberty 1.31 Citrus, Spicy Mild and spicy with subtle lemon and citrus characteristics
Brewers Gold (GR) 1.27 Fruity, Spicy Black currant, fruit and spice characteristics
Perle (GR) 1.22 Fruity, Floral, Spicy Delicate floral, fruit, spice and mint tones
Saaz 1.21 Spicy, Tobacco/Earthy Mild spice and earth tones
Palisade 1.15 Stone Fruit, Herbal, Grassy Apricot, grass and clean floral charcteristics
Styrian Celeia 1.08 Floral Pleasant and hoppy, similar to traditional European varieties
Cascade 1.06 Fruity, Citrus, Floral Medium intense floral, citrus and grapefruit tones
Santiam 1.01 Floral, Spicy, Herbal Slightly spicy with herbal and floral characteristics
Mt. Hood 0.94 Spicy, Tobacco/Earthy, Herbal Mild, herbal and somewhat pungent or spicy
Vanguard 0.92 Floral, Herbal Herbal and floral tones
Tahoma 0.88 Citrus, Cedar, Pine Predominate citrus and lemon notes with cedar, pine, floral, pepper and subtle green melon notes.
Ahtanum 0.86 Citrus, Floral, Tobacco/Earthy Floral, earthy, citrus and grapefruit tones
Mt. Rainier 0.84 Citrus, Floral, Spicy Floral and noble aromas, with citrus and licorice overtones
Hallertau (GR) 0.75 Mild, yet spicy, with floral and citrus tones
Glacier 0.69 Herbal Pleasant hop aroma
Tettnang (GR) 0.69 Floral, Tobacco/Earthy, Herbal Mild and pleasant with balanced earthy, herbal and floral aroma impressions
Crystal 0.63 Spicy Mild, spicy and floral

You might also be interested in reading the answers to these questions:
Which Hops have the Most Humulene?
Which Hops Have the Most Myrcene?
Which Hops Have the Most Linalool?
Which Hops Have the Most Geraniol?
Which Hops Have the Most Farnesene?
Which Hops Have the Most Caryophyllene?

Posted on

Hops Analysis

Hops Analysis

Hops Analysis

Growing hops in Australia is becoming more common – with this comes a greater need for formally analysing hops samples in the laboratory. Analytically profiling hops material gives important information about aroma and bitterness potential, and overall quality. Brewers are most interested in the α and β hop acids, total essential oils and the hop oil profile.

The α and β acids are the primary precursors that contribute to bitter attributes in beer. Values obtained from this analysis are used to formulate beer recipes to gain the desired bitterness levels, and are also a key indicator of hops quality. The essential oils in hops are important contributors to beer flavour and aroma. The total essential oil measure is the percentage of oil contained within the hops (based on mass) and gives an indication of the overall aroma potential of the hops. The hop oil profile is an extension of this analysis in the sense that it details the concentrations of specific flavour and aroma compounds within the hops oil. This provides information about the aroma profile the hops will give. This combination of analysis is useful in creating a hop profile, allowing easier comparison between varieties and giving an indication of the properties that can influence beer flavour and aroma.

What are the components of hops and their essential oils? What alpha acids and beta acids are present in hops? Here is a table which details the components found in many hops:

Variety Alpha/Beta Aroma Wheel Placement Description Alpha Beta Total oil B-Pinene % Myrcene % Linalool % Caryophyllene % Farnesene % Humulene % Geraniol % Other % B-Pinene Amount Myrcene Amount Linalool Amount Caryophyllene Amount Farnesene Amount Humulene Amount Geraniol Amount Other Amount
Admiral (UK) 1.97 Citrus, Tobacco/Earthy, Herbal Pleasant, resinous hop aroma with hints of citrus (orange) and herbal flavors 14.2 7.2 0.2 0.08 4.8 0.17 14.21 6.58 46.87 0.12 27.17 0.00016 0.0096 0.00034 0.02842 0.01316 0.09374 0.00024 0.05434
Ahtanum 0.86 Citrus, Floral, Tobacco/Earthy Floral, earthy, citrus and grapefruit tones 4.3 5 1.3 0.91 54.11 0.36 10.05 0.12 20.69 0.27 13.51 0.01183 0.70343 0.00468 0.13065 0.00156 0.26897 0.00351 0.17563
Amarillo 1.45 Citrus, Floral, Tropical Fruit Floral, tropical, and citrus (lemon, orange and grapefruit) characteristics 9 6.2 1.7 0.79 52.14 0.61 6.53 6.39 17.9 0.16 15.48 0.01343 0.88638 0.01037 0.11101 0.10863 0.3043 0.00272 0.26316
Bitter Gold 2.43 No specific aroma characteristics 13.6 5.6 1.4 0.82 53.02 0.54 8.62 0.19 13.49 0.15 23.17 0.01148 0.74228 0.00756 0.12068 0.00266 0.18886 0.0021 0.32438
Bravo 3.66 Fruity, Floral Pleasant fruity and floral aroma characteristics 16.1 4.4 3.2 1.02 62.37 0.47 6.62 0.19 8.97 0.5 19.85 0.03264 1.99584 0.01504 0.21184 0.00608 0.28704 0.016 0.6352
Brewers Delight 2.28 11.4 5 1.4 0.76 45.9 0.45 8.8 0.62 15.22 0.28 27.99 0.01064 0.6426 0.0063 0.1232 0.00868 0.21308 0.00392 0.39186
Brewers Gold 1.92 Fruity, Spicy Spicy, fruity characteristics, black currant 10 5.2 2 0.84 56.44 0.68 9.61 0.23 15.65 1.34 15.21 0.0168 1.1288 0.0136 0.1922 0.0046 0.313 0.0268 0.3042
Brewers Gold (GR) 1.27 Fruity, Spicy Black currant, fruit and spice characteristics 4.7 3.7 0.8 0.5 26.55 0.52 14.61 0.2 30.48 1.16 25.98 0.004 0.2124 0.00416 0.11688 0.0016 0.24384 0.00928 0.20784
Bullion 1.84 Fruity Strong and zesty blackcurrant characteristics 8.1 4.4 1.2 0.76 49.11 0.74 10.95 0.43 18.84 0.21 18.98 0.00912 0.58932 0.00888 0.1314 0.00516 0.22608 0.00252 0.22776
Cascade 1.06 Fruity, Citrus, Floral Medium intense floral, citrus and grapefruit tones 7.4 7 1.5 0.83 56.33 0.49 6.23 6.3 14.19 0.18 15.44 0.01245 0.84495 0.00735 0.09345 0.0945 0.21285 0.0027 0.2316
Centennial 2.55 Citrus, Floral Medium intensity floral and citrus (lemon) tones 10.2 4 2.4 1.09 65.37 0.67 5.23 0.2 10.68 1.14 15.63 0.02616 1.56888 0.01608 0.12552 0.0048 0.25632 0.02736 0.37512
Chelan 1.50 Citrus, Floral Mild floral and citrus characteristics 14.1 9.4 1.4 0.7 50.35 0.39 10.09 0.18 12.66 0.27 25.36 0.0098 0.7049 0.00546 0.14126 0.00252 0.17724 0.00378 0.35504
Chinook 3.57 Citrus, Spicy, Pine Distinct, medium intensity spice and pine characteristics with subtle notes of grapefruit 13.2 3.7 2 0.6 38.21 0.45 8.5 0.3 18.35 0.59 33 0.012 0.7642 0.009 0.17 0.006 0.367 0.0118 0.66
Citra 3.73 Fruity, Citrus, Tropical Fruit Strong citrus and tropical tones of grapefruit, melon, lime, gooseberry, passion fruit and lychee 13.8 3.7 2.8 0.88 66.53 0.77 5.58 0.15 8.73 0.3 17.07 0.02464 1.86284 0.02156 0.15624 0.0042 0.24444 0.0084 0.47796
Cluster 1.55 Floral, Spicy Strong floral and spicy characteristics 8.2 5.3 0.5 0.67 43.69 0.46 8.45 0.31 18.82 0.83 26.78 0.00335 0.21845 0.0023 0.04225 0.00155 0.0941 0.00415 0.1339
Columbus 3.06 Citrus, Spicy Pungent, black pepper, licorice characteristics with subtle citrus overtones 16.5 5.4 2.9 0.89 53.2 0.45 7.58 0.23 11.99 0.26 25.39 0.02581 1.5428 0.01305 0.21982 0.00667 0.34771 0.00754 0.73631
Crystal 0.63 Spicy Mild, spicy and floral 4.6 7.3 1.4 0.67 44.67 0.9 7.34 0.12 26.58 0.59 19.14 0.00938 0.62538 0.0126 0.10276 0.00168 0.37212 0.00826 0.26796
EKG (UK) 1.70 Floral, Spicy, Tobacco/Earthy Smooth and delicate with floral, lavender, spice, honey, earth, lemon and thyme overtones 5.1 3 0.4 0.29 15.63 0.56 14.93 1.07 45.95 0.15 21.42 0.00116 0.06252 0.00224 0.05972 0.00428 0.1838 0.0006 0.08568
Equinox 3.17 Citrus, Herbal, Tropical Fruit A pronounced aroma profile with citrus, tropical fruit, floral and herbal characteristics. Specific descriptors include lemon, lime, papaya, apple, and green pepper. 15.2 4.8 3.6 0.5 34.09 0.56 10.9 0.29 19.07 0.33 34.26 0.018 1.22724 0.02016 0.3924 0.01044 0.68652 0.01188 1.23336
Fuggle 1.63 Fruity, Tobacco/Earthy Mild wood and fruit characteristics 4.4 2.7 0.7 0.35 24.24 0.78 14.01 6.54 36.37 0.11 17.6 0.00245 0.16968 0.00546 0.09807 0.04578 0.25459 0.00077 0.1232
Galena 1.69 Citrus, Stone Fruit, Spicy Spicy, blackcurrant and citrus (grapefruit) tones 14.7 8.7 1.8 0.71 47.45 0.42 7.44 0.22 13.53 0.41 29.82 0.01278 0.8541 0.00756 0.13392 0.00396 0.24354 0.00738 0.53676
Glacier 0.69 Herbal Pleasant hop aroma 5 7.2 0.9 0.58 43.95 0.79 9.11 0.21 29.08 0.23 16.06 0.00522 0.39555 0.00711 0.08199 0.00189 0.26172 0.00207 0.14454
Golding 2.22 Floral, Spicy Mild and delicate with sweet floral characteristics 5.1 2.3 0.7 0.36 25.89 0.79 12.37 0.71 39.84 0.09 19.95 0.00252 0.18123 0.00553 0.08659 0.00497 0.27888 0.00063 0.13965
Hallertau 1.58 Floral, Spicy, Herbal Mild and pleasant, yet spicy, with herbal and floral characteristics 4.9 3.1 0.8 0.41 30.9 0.77 9.64 5.7 32.39 0.23 19.97 0.00328 0.2472 0.00616 0.07712 0.0456 0.25912 0.00184 0.15976
Hallertau (GR) 0.75 Mild, yet spicy, with floral and citrus tones 3.8 5.1 0.8 0.34 24.93 0.79 10.37 2.08 36.18 0.26 25.05 0.00272 0.19944 0.00632 0.08296 0.01664 0.28944 0.00208 0.2004
Herkules (GR) 3.02 Floral Spicy, floral and hop notes with hints of pine, black pepper and melon 17.2 5.7 1.7 0.64 44.25 0.27 7.14 0.19 25.62 0.16 21.73 0.01088 0.75225 0.00459 0.12138 0.00323 0.43554 0.00272 0.36941
Horizon 1.65 Floral, Spicy Pleasant and spicy, with floral characteristics 10.4 6.3 1.2 0.7 49.79 1.1 11.13 3.51 16.36 0.22 17.21 0.0084 0.59748 0.0132 0.13356 0.04212 0.19632 0.00264 0.20652
Liberty 1.31 Citrus, Spicy Mild and spicy with subtle lemon and citrus characteristics 4.7 3.6 1.1 0.41 29.94 1.06 9.58 0.55 37.86 0.1 20.5 0.00451 0.32934 0.01166 0.10538 0.00605 0.41646 0.0011 0.2255
Magnum 2.11 No distinct aroma characteristics 13.7 6.5 1.6 0.63 41.24 0.39 9.98 0.47 31.21 0.14 15.94 0.01008 0.65984 0.00624 0.15968 0.00752 0.49936 0.00224 0.25504
Millenium 3.17 Floral, Tobacco/Earthy, Herbal Mild and resinous with floral and herbal tones 16.8 5.3 2.2 0.65 44.55 0.55 9.26 0.21 22.2 0.13 22.46 0.0143 0.9801 0.0121 0.20372 0.00462 0.4884 0.00286 0.49412
Mosaic 3.57 Citrus, Floral, Grassy A complex array of tropical fruit, citrus, berry, herbal, earthy and pine characteristics 13.2 3.7 2 0.89 61.84 0.69 4.24 0.12 10.62 0.59 21 0.0178 1.2368 0.0138 0.0848 0.0024 0.2124 0.0118 0.42
Mt. Hood 0.94 Spicy, Tobacco/Earthy, Herbal Mild, herbal and somewhat pungent or spicy 6.5 6.9 1.9 0.65 41.97 0.83 12.49 0.2 26.8 0.26 16.81 0.01235 0.79743 0.01577 0.23731 0.0038 0.5092 0.00494 0.31939
Mt. Rainier 0.84 Citrus, Floral, Spicy Floral and noble aromas, with citrus and licorice overtones 6.1 7.3 1.3 0.78 58.04 0.82 7.66 0.1 17.92 0.29 14.42 0.01014 0.75452 0.01066 0.09958 0.0013 0.23296 0.00377 0.18746
Newport 1.78 Mild 11.6 6.5 1.8 0.79 52.21 0.49 9.24 0.41 17.32 0.2 19.37 0.01422 0.93978 0.00882 0.16632 0.00738 0.31176 0.0036 0.34866
Northern Brewer 1.95 Tobacco/Earthy, Pine Medium intensity, pine and mint characteristics 8.2 4.2 1.4 0.66 39.86 0.48 13.24 0.61 29.44 0.15 15.56 0.00924 0.55804 0.00672 0.18536 0.00854 0.41216 0.0021 0.21784
Northern Brewer (GR) 1.58 Floral, Herbal Medium intense herbal and floral tones 6.8 4.3 1.3 0.58 35.47 0.49 12.34 0.1 32.41 0.18 18.42 0.00754 0.46111 0.00637 0.16042 0.0013 0.42133 0.00234 0.23946
Nugget 3.40 Spicy, Herbal Mild and pleasant with spicy, herbal tones 15.3 4.5 2.2 0.67 51.15 1.02 9.07 0.26 18.8 0.07 18.97 0.01474 1.1253 0.02244 0.19954 0.00572 0.4136 0.00154 0.41734
Palisade 1.15 Stone Fruit, Herbal, Grassy Apricot, grass and clean floral charcteristics 8.4 7.3 1.6 0.83 52.51 0.43 11.92 0.2 14.89 0.25 18.97 0.01328 0.84016 0.00688 0.19072 0.0032 0.23824 0.004 0.30352
Perle 2.13 Floral, Spicy, Herbal Slightly spicy with herbal and floral characteristics 8.3 3.9 1.2 0.5 33.04 0.41 14.03 1.03 35.28 0.22 15.48 0.006 0.39648 0.00492 0.16836 0.01236 0.42336 0.00264 0.18576
Perle (GR) 1.22 Fruity, Floral, Spicy Delicate floral, fruit, spice and mint tones 6.1 5 1.1 0.4 25.91 0.32 14.67 6.62 40.38 0.06 11.63 0.0044 0.28501 0.00352 0.16137 0.07282 0.44418 0.00066 0.12793
Saaz 1.21 Spicy, Tobacco/Earthy Mild spice and earth tones 6.3 5.2 1.2 0.49 32.28 0.71 10.78 10.84 28.18 0.22 16.49 0.00588 0.38736 0.00852 0.12936 0.13008 0.33816 0.00264 0.19788
Santiam 1.01 Floral, Spicy, Herbal Slightly spicy with herbal and floral characteristics 7.4 7.3 1.7 0.34 24.59 0.87 7.88 17.04 25.81 0.05 23.43 0.00578 0.41803 0.01479 0.13396 0.28968 0.43877 0.00085 0.39831
Simcoe 3.40 Citrus, Tobacco/Earthy, Pine Unique passionfruit, pine, earth and citrus characteristics 13.6 4 1.9 0.78 50.35 0.61 8.72 0.2 17.42 0.66 21.25 0.01482 0.95665 0.01159 0.16568 0.0038 0.33098 0.01254 0.40375
Sorachi Ace 1.72 Citrus, Herbal, Grassy Unique lemon and dill characteristics 11.7 6.8 2.3 0.75 50.49 0.51 7.63 5.03 22.62 0.31 12.67 0.01725 1.16127 0.01173 0.17549 0.11569 0.52026 0.00713 0.29141
Sterling 1.51 Citrus, Spicy Herbal and spicy, with a hint of floral, citrus (lemon/pineapple) characteristics 8 5.3 1.4 0.57 40.13 0.66 6.66 17.64 19.33 0.21 14.8 0.00798 0.56182 0.00924 0.09324 0.24696 0.27062 0.00294 0.2072
Styrian Aurora 2.18 Floral, Pine Intense and pleasant displaying floral, pine and hoppy characteristics 7.2 3.3 0.8 0.53 36.68 1 7.27 6.53 24.16 0.85 22.99 0.00424 0.29344 0.008 0.05816 0.05224 0.19328 0.0068 0.18392
Styrian Celeia 1.08 Floral Pleasant and hoppy, similar to traditional European varieties 2.7 2.5 0.8 0.27 17.6 0.79 12.82 7.15 32.13 0.11 29.14 0.00216 0.1408 0.00632 0.10256 0.0572 0.25704 0.00088 0.23312
Summit 3.23 Citrus, Spicy, Tobacco/Earthy Distinct spice, earthy, onion, garlic and citrus (pink grapefruit, orange and tangerine) tones 17.1 5.3 1.6 0.67 41.41 0.33 12.85 0.33 19.21 0.3 24.92 0.01072 0.66256 0.00528 0.2056 0.00528 0.30736 0.0048 0.39872
Tahoma 0.88 Citrus, Cedar, Pine Predominate citrus and lemon notes with cedar, pine, floral, pepper and subtle green melon notes. 6.8 7.7 1.3 0.93 64.23 0.71 3.79 0.21 11.68 0.35 18.1 0.01209 0.83499 0.00923 0.04927 0.00273 0.15184 0.00455 0.2353
Tettnang 1.69 Spicy Noble aroma that is pleasant and spicy 4.9 2.9 0.7 0.39 28.82 0.76 13.48 5.66 33.59 0.15 17.16 0.00273 0.20174 0.00532 0.09436 0.03962 0.23513 0.00105 0.12012
Tettnang (GR) 0.69 Floral, Tobacco/Earthy, Herbal Mild and pleasant with balanced earthy, herbal and floral aroma impressions 3.4 4.9 0.5 0.22 11.8 0.52 7.74 23.7 27.12 0.14 28.76 0.0011 0.059 0.0026 0.0387 0.1185 0.1356 0.0007 0.1438
Triplepearl 2.91 Pleasant and balanced with notes of melon, orange citrus, resin, spice and pepper 9.3 3.2 1.8 0.77 55.89 0.8 3.92 0.28 7.2 0.09 31.05 0.01386 1.00602 0.0144 0.07056 0.00504 0.1296 0.00162 0.5589
Ultra 2.39 Floral, Spicy Mild and pleasant with spicy, floral tones 9.1 3.8 1 0.91 56.74 1.21 7.99 0.18 12.53 0.21 20.24 0.0091 0.5674 0.0121 0.0799 0.0018 0.1253 0.0021 0.2024
Vanguard 0.92 Floral, Herbal Herbal and floral tones 5.4 5.9 0.6 0.07 4.63 0.2 15.62 0.35 51.1 0.08 27.97 0.00042 0.02778 0.0012 0.09372 0.0021 0.3066 0.00048 0.16782
Warrior 3.31 Citrus, Herbal, Pine Mild and resinous with subtle citrus, pine and herbal characteristics 15.9 4.8 1.8 0.64 44.77 0.45 12.06 0.12 16.03 0.48 25.46 0.01152 0.80586 0.0081 0.21708 0.00216 0.28854 0.00864 0.45828
WGV (UK) 1.55 Floral, Tobacco/Earthy, Herbal Fresh earthy, botanical and floral flavors 5.9 3.8 0.9 0.31 22.42 0.56 12.54 1.01 40.36 0.13 22.67 0.00279 0.20178 0.00504 0.11286 0.00909 0.36324 0.00117 0.20403
Willamette 1.46 Floral, Spicy Mild and pleasant, with slightly spicy and floral tones 5.4 3.7 1.2 0.4 28.01 0.71 13.18 7.98 33.03 0.12 16.57 0.0048 0.33612 0.00852 0.15816 0.09576 0.39636 0.00144 0.19884
Yakima Gold 2.00 Mild and pleasant 7.4 3.7 1 0.61 39.62 0.3 7.47 9.55 22.62 0.06 19.79 0.0061 0.3962 0.003 0.0747 0.0955 0.2262 0.0006 0.1979