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What is the Hoppiest Beer?

What's the hoppiest beer?

Many people ask these questions: What is the most bitter beer? What’s the most hoppy beer? What’s the most bitter beer? What is a good hoppy beer? What is a good pale ale? What is the best IPA? Here is some information given in an attempt to answer frequently asked questions when it comes to hopped beers.

Do all beers contain hops? There are four basic ingredients to beer, but only three are essential: malted barley, yeast and water. However, beer made with only these three will be sickly-sweet and dull. Throughout brewing history, brewers have added something extra, usually a plant part of some sort, to give their beer balance and depth.

What does hoppy mean for beer? What’s a hoppy beer? Hoppy is often used as a synonym for the word ‘bitter,’ but there are plenty of beers that use loads of hops and don’t taste the least bit bitter. Some hops add bitterness while other hops add aroma. Bitterness can be quantified in a unit of measurement called IBU.

What does IBUs stand for in beer? IBU stands for “International Bitterness Units.”

What is the IBU scale for beer? What is IBU beer rating? The IBU scale measures the amount of isomerized alpha acids in a beer. In more technical terms, IBU gauges the isomerized alpha acids from hops in a beer in parts per million. Hops contain alpha acids, and when they are boiled, the alpha acids become isomerized, their physical structure starts to change, and they become bitter in flavor.

What is considered a high IBU? The more hoppy the beer, the higher the IBU. A beer’s IBU is derived from a complicated formula and is typically way below 100, with a lighter lager like beer usually has around 5-10 IBU’s, blonde ales rating around 15 to 30 IBUs and stouts, like Guinness, going up to 60 IBUs. Very hoppy beers, like imperial IPAs, can reach 80 IBU. 

Does higher IBU mean more bitter? The sweetness of malt reduces perceived bitterness,  so a beer with 20 IBUs and a minimal malt character may have significantly more bitter taste than a beer with 60 IBUs and a powerful malt profile. Beers with a high IBU, like stouts, might not taste very bitter at all because of their sweet malts.

What is the hoppiest beer in the world? Beers with massive IBUs, great if you like hops. Several brewers claim to have the hoppiest beer and they try to solidify their claim based on scientific analysis, using IBU measurements. Here are some high IBU beers:

    • 2600 IBUs – Carbon Smith F*cks Up Your Sh*t IPA
    • 2500 IBUs – Flying Monkeys Alpha Fornication
    • 2012 IBUs – Arbor FF #13 – 2012 Double Black IPA
    • 2007 IBUs – Mikkeller X Hop Juice 2007 IBU.
    • 2000 IBUs – L’Espace Public Extrême 2000.
    • 1254 IBUs – Triggerfish The Kraken.
    • 1100 IBUs – Zaftig Shadowed Mistress.
    • 1100 IBUs – Daft Badger Double IPA.
    • 1066 IBUs – Hart & Thistle Hop Mess Monster v2.0.
    • 1001 IBUs – Castelló Beer Factory – BigBang 1001IBU.
    • 1000 IBU – Mikkeller 1000 IBU
    • 1000 IBU – Invicta 1000 IBU
    • 658 IBU Dogfish Head Brewery Hoo Lawd

2600 IBUs is equivalent to 2.6% content as alpha acids, that could be getting a bit expensive to produce. Numbers like those make you wonder which of these beers is legit and which aren’t. If 2600 IBUs is possible, then I guess 10000 IBU is possible too but who would want to drink it. I guess it would be hard to swallow with 10000 parts per million, that’s 1% content as alpha acids. 

What gives beer its bitterness? Only two things typically directly affect a beer’s bitterness: roasted grains and hops. When it comes to IPAs and other types of extremely bitter beers, hops are usually to thank. Hops contain alpha acids, which provide most of the bitter flavor you taste in very hoppy beer.

Is beer supposed to be bitter? Bitterness balances the sweetness of malt. Some malts, like dark malts, are bitter because of roasting. These grains are typically found in porters and stouts, providing a bitterness that balances out the sweetness of these beer styles. When it comes to IPAs and other types of extremely bitter beers, hops provide the bitterness. Hops contain alpha acids, which provide most of the bitter flavor you taste in very hoppy beer.

Why is my beer so bitter? Excess bitterness in your beer is usually perceived on the back of the tongue, and often manifests itself as a bitter aftertaste. If bitterness is too low the beer often will have a very malty, sweet or grainy profile. Sweetness and filtration can also reduce the bitterness of your beer in many cases.

How do you reduce bitterness in beer? Pour your beer into glass n sugar. Play with this to your liking. You could try blending it with another beer, and you’d probably do this when serving. It might taste good mixed with something that has a similar malt profile but obviously less bitterness.

Which beer has most hops? What kind of beer has a lot of hops? What kind of beer is hoppy? Here are some hoppy & bitter beer styles:

  • Amber,
  • Barley wine,
  • ESB extra special bitter,
  • fresh hop,
  • Imperial IPA,
  • IPA
  • Pale ale.

Hoppy types of beer in the ale category include pale ales, wheat beers, bitters, porters, stouts, barley wines, brown ales and tripels. Hoppy beers are all the rage these days. Many ales, such as India pale ales, contain more hops which results in a slightly bitter taste to help balance the sweetness. The popularity of the IPA (India Pale Ale) style exploded in the late 2000s as brewers uncovered a nearly insatiable demand from self-proclaimed “hop heads” for more varieties and blends of hops.

What is double hopped beer? What’s a double IPA? Double IPAs are also called “Imperial” IPAs. This style takes the craving for hops and runs with it. These usually use double or even triple the typical amount of hops, but also add more malts to balance. Brewers aim to maximise the hoppiness, with bitterness between about 65 and 90 IBU, and also increase alcoholic strength. The resulting beer has huge hoppy highs and deep malty depths with an high ABV (8% to 10%) to match.

What does double dry hopped mean? What is DDH beer? Dry hopping is the process of adding hops, usually in secondary, to a beer (in the fermenter or the keg). When two rounds of dry hop additions are added to the beer it is known as double dry hopping. DDH may represent the next great innovation in pale ales, it stands for Double Dry Hopped, denoting a process that is supercharging hop flavor in some of the world’s most sought after craft beers.

What does IPA beer mean? If you don’t drink beer, you may not know what “IPA” stands for. India Pale Ales originated in England and are brewed and sold all over the world. “IPA” is an initialism for India Pale Ale, a hoppy style of beer within the pale ale category.

What does an IPA taste like? Our taste buds recognize sweet, salty, sour, umami and bitter. Bitter is certainly a major factor when tasting an IPA, as the style employs an increased amount of hops which can add what is often described as evident, bracing and even aggressive bitterness.

How did IPA beer start? India pale ale (IPA) is a beefed-up version of pale ale, made using more hops and with a higher alcohol content. Created in England, the name is a result of its popularity with British troops stationed in India in the 19th century, when the subcontinent was still a British colony.

What’s the difference between IPA and lager? IPA, also known as the Indian Pale Ale, originated as a form of an ale, as the name suggests. Brewed in warmer temperatures, ales take less time to ferment compared to lagers. As a result, this provides a stronger taste compared to a Lager. Normally, beers that contain high amounts of hops, like IPA, have a very bitter taste.

What is the difference between a pale ale and an IPA? Pale ale is a type of beer that is brewed with mostly pale malts for a more equal malt-to-hop ratio. “IPA” stands for India Pale Ale, a hoppier style of beer within the pale ale category. Double IPAs, also called Imperial IPAs, are a much hoppier style of IPAs with alcohol content above 7.5 percent by volume.

Is IPA stronger than pale ale? While IPAs are more intense than Pale Ales, that statement is directly dependent on the level of intensity of the Pale Ale. So one brewery’s Pale Ale may be stronger and more bitter than someone else’s IPA; and vice versa.

What is the difference between IPA and American pale ale?
Although American brewed beers tend to use a cleaner yeast, and American two row malt, it is particularly the American hops that distinguish an APA from British or European pale ales. The style is close to the American India Pale Ale (IPA), and boundaries blur, though IPAs are stronger and more assertively hopped.

How soon should you drink IPA? The flavor of wet IPAs depends on being consumed young even more than regular IPAs. The faster you can get an IPA from the brewery to your taste buds, the better. Avoid buying IPA older than three months, and pick beer in a beer fridge over beer on a shelf.

How many IBUs are in an IPA? IBU stands for International Bitterness Units, a measure of the bitterness in beer. A Budweiser, for example, might have 12 IBUs, while a Stone IPA might have 77. That’s what you would call a very “hoppy” beer, since much of the bitterness comes from the aroma hop flowers used in flavoring craft brews.

What does DDH IPA mean? As with so many things pertaining to beer, particularly those of the IPA variety, “DDH” is more complicated than it looks. The acronym, which stands for “double dry-hopped,” is increasingly adopted by trend-driven (and trend-setting) brewers putting out hoppy, aromatic IPAs and DIPAs.

Does Double IPA have more alcohol? Once an IPA reaches the 7-plus percent alcohol by volume (ABV) range, it’s entered Double IPA turf. And, to your question, the higher ABV is derived from more fermentable sugars, usually from malts. So yes, the grain bills will be increased to achieve a higher ABV.

What’s the difference between IPA and Double IPA? The greater amount of pale malts causes the beer to have a lighter color and flavor. “IPA” stands for India Pale Ale, a hoppy style of beer within the pale ale category. Double IPAs, also called Imperial IPAs, are a much hoppier style of IPAs with alcohol content above 7.5 percent by volume.

How much alcohol is in a double IPA? The Double IPA is higher in alcohol content than its predecessor. And while Double IPAs typically have a greater concentration of hops, it takes more malt to reach the typical 8 to 10% ABV, resulting in more complex and distinct flavors.

What does a triple IPA mean? “An intensely hoppy, very strong pale ale without the big maltiness and/or deeper malt flavors of an American barleywine. The Triple IPA may be similar to a Double IPA in hop character, but is differentiated from the style by a thick, syrupy body accented by intense hop resins that make it a heavy sipping beer.

Do IPAs have higher alcohol content? Once an IPA reaches the 7-plus percent alcohol by volume (ABV) range, it’s entered Double IPA turf. And, to your question, the higher ABV is derived from more fermentable sugars, usually from malts. The grain bills will be increased to achieve a higher ABV.

Is Guinness an IPA? Nearly every brewery has an India pale ale in its arsenal. So it should surprise no one that Guinness, the Irish beer brand synonymous with another style of ale, the stout, is getting into the IPA arms race with the Guinness Nitro IPA.

Is Porter beer bitter? Brown porters taste a bit like stronger dark milds or brown ales, malty beers with chocolate, caramel, and nut flavors alongside a varying amount of roasty bitterness. They tend to float around the 4-6% ABV range. The end result is usually a dark medium-bodied beer with a nice balance of malty sweetness and bitter hoppiness. Stouts came about when people started tinkering with their porter recipes. Today, the biggest difference between stouts and porters is the kind of malt used during brewing.

Is Guinness a hoppy beer? The Guinness Master Brewers have created a crisp amber beer with a floral, hoppy aroma, called Guiness Hop House 13 lager. They say it’s twice as smooth, half as bitter and 80% lighter in color than Guinness Draught.

Is Guinness a porter beer? Porter is a dark style of beer developed in London from well-hopped beers made from brown malt. Guinness Extra Stout was originally called Extra Superior Porter and was only given the name Extra Stout in 1840.

Is Corona a hoppy beer? Corona Extra is a Premium American Lager, being, clear, yellow, not hoppy but with a little more body than a light.

What is Bitter style beer? Bitter as a style came into their own as a type of pale ale that could be served while quite young on cask as pubs moved away from aged, vatted ale and towards fresh “running” ales. They differed from mild, another running beer, by the higher hop rates. Often they used crystal malt and were dry-hopped.

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Which Hops Have the Most Geraniol?

Geraniol Hops

Geraniol has a waxy, sweet rose odour and is found in many but not all hops. It’s found in Cascade, Citra, Centennial, Chinook, Pacific Hallertau, Southern Cross, Motueka, Aurora, and Styrian Golding hops. It isn’t found in UK Challenger, U. S. Challenger, Alsace Strisselspalt, Spalt Select, Sterling, Czech Saaz, Millennium, or German Magnum.

It’s also a primary component of the essential oils of roses, palmarosa and citronella, and is found in small quantities in geranium and lemon. It has a rose-like, floral, and citrus fruit aroma and flavor. Geraniol is also found in coriander, lavender, lemon, lime, nutmeg, orange, rose, blueberry, and blackberry. It is commonly used in perfumes and flavours such as peach, raspberry, grapefruit, red apple, plum, lime, orange, lemon, watermelon, pineapple, and blueberry.

Geraniol attracts bees but repels of mosquitoes and is used in many DEET-free repellent preparations. Geraniol is produced by the scent glands of honeybees to mark nectar-bearing flowers and locate the entrances to their hives.

It has low solubility in water, but it is soluble in common organic solvents. When oxidized, geraniol becomes geranial or citral. Geraniol is a byproduct of the metabolism of sorbate and, thus, is a very unpleasant contaminant of wine if bacteria are allowed to grow in it.

Geraniol is a moderate skin irritant and can cause allergies. Exposed to air, its oxidation products are more irritant and allergenic.

Which hops have the most geraniol? Below is a table which ranks hops in terms of their geraniol content as a percentage of the total oil content.

Variety Geraniol %
Aroma Wheel Placement Description
Brewers Gold 1.34 Fruity, Spicy Spicy, fruity characteristics, black currant
Brewers Gold (GR) 1.16 Fruity, Spicy Black currant, fruit and spice characteristics
Centennial 1.14 Citrus, Floral Medium intensity floral and citrus (lemon) tones
Styrian Aurora 0.85 Floral, Pine Intense and pleasant displaying floral, pine and hoppy characteristics
Cluster 0.83 Floral, Spicy Strong floral and spicy characteristics
Simcoe 0.66 Citrus, Tobacco/Earthy, Pine Unique passionfruit, pine, earth and citrus characteristics
Crystal 0.59 Spicy Mild, spicy and floral
Chinook 0.59 Citrus, Spicy, Pine Distinct, medium intensity spice and pine characteristics with subtle notes of grapefruit
Mosaic 0.59 Citrus, Floral, Grassy A complex array of tropical fruit, citrus, berry, herbal, earthy and pine characteristics
Bravo 0.5 Fruity, Floral Pleasant fruity and floral aroma characteristics
Warrior 0.48 Citrus, Herbal, Pine Mild and resinous with subtle citrus, pine and herbal characteristics
Galena 0.41 Citrus, Stone Fruit, Spicy Spicy, blackcurrant and citrus (grapefruit) tones
Tahoma 0.35 Citrus, Cedar, Pine Predominate citrus and lemon notes with cedar, pine, floral, pepper and subtle green melon notes.
Equinox 0.33 Citrus, Herbal, Tropical Fruit A pronounced aroma profile with citrus, tropical fruit, floral and herbal characteristics. Specific descriptors include lemon, lime, papaya, apple, and green pepper.
Sorachi Ace 0.31 Citrus, Herbal, Grassy Unique lemon and dill characteristics
Summit 0.3 Citrus, Spicy, Tobacco/Earthy Distinct spice, earthy, onion, garlic and citrus (pink grapefruit, orange and tangerine) tones
Citra 0.3 Fruity, Citrus, Tropical Fruit Strong citrus and tropical tones of grapefruit, melon, lime, gooseberry, passion fruit and lychee
Mt. Rainier 0.29 Citrus, Floral, Spicy Floral and noble aromas, with citrus and licorice overtones
Brewers Delight 0.28
Ahtanum 0.27 Citrus, Floral, Tobacco/Earthy Floral, earthy, citrus and grapefruit tones
Chelan 0.27 Citrus, Floral Mild floral and citrus characteristics
Hallertau (GR) 0.26 Mild, yet spicy, with floral and citrus tones
Mt. Hood 0.26 Spicy, Tobacco/Earthy, Herbal Mild, herbal and somewhat pungent or spicy
Columbus 0.26 Citrus, Spicy Pungent, black pepper, licorice characteristics with subtle citrus overtones
Palisade 0.25 Stone Fruit, Herbal, Grassy Apricot, grass and clean floral charcteristics
Hallertau 0.23 Floral, Spicy, Herbal Mild and pleasant, yet spicy, with herbal and floral characteristics
Glacier 0.23 Herbal Pleasant hop aroma
Perle 0.22 Floral, Spicy, Herbal Slightly spicy with herbal and floral characteristics
Saaz 0.22 Spicy, Tobacco/Earthy Mild spice and earth tones
Horizon 0.22 Floral, Spicy Pleasant and spicy, with floral characteristics
Sterling 0.21 Citrus, Spicy Herbal and spicy, with a hint of floral, citrus (lemon/pineapple) characteristics
Bullion 0.21 Fruity Strong and zesty blackcurrant characteristics
Ultra 0.21 Floral, Spicy Mild and pleasant with spicy, floral tones
Newport 0.2 Mild
Northern Brewer (GR) 0.18 Floral, Herbal Medium intense herbal and floral tones
Cascade 0.18 Fruity, Citrus, Floral Medium intense floral, citrus and grapefruit tones
Herkules (GR) 0.16 Floral Spicy, floral and hop notes with hints of pine, black pepper and melon
Amarillo 0.16 Citrus, Floral, Tropical Fruit Floral, tropical, and citrus (lemon, orange and grapefruit) characteristics
EKG (UK) 0.15 Floral, Spicy, Tobacco/Earthy Smooth and delicate with floral, lavender, spice, honey, earth, lemon and thyme overtones
Tettnang 0.15 Spicy Noble aroma that is pleasant and spicy
Northern Brewer 0.15 Tobacco/Earthy, Pine Medium intensity, pine and mint characteristics
Bitter Gold 0.15 No specific aroma characteristics
Magnum 0.14 No distinct aroma characteristics
Tettnang (GR) 0.14 Floral, Tobacco/Earthy, Herbal Mild and pleasant with balanced earthy, herbal and floral aroma impressions
WGV (UK) 0.13 Floral, Tobacco/Earthy, Herbal Fresh earthy, botanical and floral flavors
Millenium 0.13 Floral, Tobacco/Earthy, Herbal Mild and resinous with floral and herbal tones
Admiral (UK) 0.12 Citrus, Tobacco/Earthy, Herbal Pleasant, resinous hop aroma with hints of citrus (orange) and herbal flavors
Willamette 0.12 Floral, Spicy Mild and pleasant, with slightly spicy and floral tones
Fuggle 0.11 Fruity, Tobacco/Earthy Mild wood and fruit characteristics
Styrian Celeia 0.11 Floral Pleasant and hoppy, similar to traditional European varieties
Liberty 0.1 Citrus, Spicy Mild and spicy with subtle lemon and citrus characteristics
Golding 0.09 Floral, Spicy Mild and delicate with sweet floral characteristics
Triplepearl 0.09 Pleasant and balanced with notes of melon, orange citrus, resin, spice and pepper
Vanguard 0.08 Floral, Herbal Herbal and floral tones
Nugget 0.07 Spicy, Herbal Mild and pleasant with spicy, herbal tones
Perle (GR) 0.06 Fruity, Floral, Spicy Delicate floral, fruit, spice and mint tones
Yakima Gold 0.06 Mild and pleasant
Santiam 0.05 Floral, Spicy, Herbal Slightly spicy with herbal and floral characteristics
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Which Hops have the Most Humulene?

Humulene Hops

Humulene, also known as α-humulene or α-caryophyllene, is one of the components of the essential oil from the flowering cone of the hops plant. It’s a naturally occurring terpene, first found in hops (Humulus lulupus) from which it derives its name. It’s an isomer of β-caryophyllene, and the two are often found together as a mixture in many aromatic plants including pine trees, orange trees, marsh elders, tobacco, and sunflower plants. Humulene is also found in sage, basil, cloves, Japanese spicebush, ginseng, mint, ginger, Vietnamese coriander and cannabis.

The concentration of humulene varies among different varieties of hops but can be up to 40% of the essential oil. Humulene and its reaction products in the brewing process of beer gives many beers their earthy, woody, piney, “hoppy” aroma. It has been said that noble hop varieties have been found to have higher levels of humulene, while other bitter hop varieties contain low levels.

The ratio of humulene to caryophyllene varies from one hop variety to another, but many brewers consider a good aroma to be one that has a ratio of greater than 3:1. Such hops tend to be floral, herbal, and spicy in character.

Some varieties, such as Hallertauer Mittelfrüh and U.K. Kent Golding, may contain 30% or more of their essential oils in humulene, but, because humulene is highly volatile and hydrophobic, only trace quantities of it may actually reach the final beer. Oxidation products of humulene, on the other hand, especially humulene mono-and di-epoxides, can impart significant amounts of aroma to beer. Humulene epoxide III is one of the most potent flavor compounds in Hallertauer Mittelfrüh, for instance, a variety that is high in humulene but relatively low in total oils.

Allowing hops that are high in humulene to age in bales for several weeks prior to pelletizing will result in greater amounts of humulene epoxides, as well as other hop oil oxidation products, which some brewers believe can significantly increase the hops’s aroma potential.

Which hops have the most humulene? Below is a table which ranks hops in terms of their humulene content as a percentage of the total oil content.

Variety Humulene % Aroma Wheel Placement Description
Vanguard 51.1 Floral, Herbal Herbal and floral tones
Admiral (UK) 46.87 Citrus, Tobacco/Earthy, Herbal Pleasant, resinous hop aroma with hints of citrus (orange) and herbal flavors
EKG (UK) 45.95 Floral, Spicy, Tobacco/Earthy Smooth and delicate with floral, lavender, spice, honey, earth, lemon and thyme overtones
Perle (GR) 40.38 Fruity, Floral, Spicy Delicate floral, fruit, spice and mint tones
WGV (UK) 40.36 Floral, Tobacco/Earthy, Herbal Fresh earthy, botanical and floral flavors
Golding 39.84 Floral, Spicy Mild and delicate with sweet floral characteristics
Liberty 37.86 Citrus, Spicy Mild and spicy with subtle lemon and citrus characteristics
Fuggle 36.37 Fruity, Tobacco/Earthy Mild wood and fruit characteristics
Hallertau (GR) 36.18 Mild, yet spicy, with floral and citrus tones
Perle 35.28 Floral, Spicy, Herbal Slightly spicy with herbal and floral characteristics
Tettnang 33.59 Spicy Noble aroma that is pleasant and spicy
Willamette 33.03 Floral, Spicy Mild and pleasant, with slightly spicy and floral tones
Northern Brewer (GR) 32.41 Floral, Herbal Medium intense herbal and floral tones
Hallertau 32.39 Floral, Spicy, Herbal Mild and pleasant, yet spicy, with herbal and floral characteristics
Styrian Celeia 32.13 Floral Pleasant and hoppy, similar to traditional European varieties
Magnum 31.21 No distinct aroma characteristics
Brewers Gold (GR) 30.48 Fruity, Spicy Black currant, fruit and spice characteristics
Northern Brewer 29.44 Tobacco/Earthy, Pine Medium intensity, pine and mint characteristics
Glacier 29.08 Herbal Pleasant hop aroma
Saaz 28.18 Spicy, Tobacco/Earthy Mild spice and earth tones
Tettnang (GR) 27.12 Floral, Tobacco/Earthy, Herbal Mild and pleasant with balanced earthy, herbal and floral aroma impressions
Mt. Hood 26.8 Spicy, Tobacco/Earthy, Herbal Mild, herbal and somewhat pungent or spicy
Crystal 26.58 Spicy Mild, spicy and floral
Santiam 25.81 Floral, Spicy, Herbal Slightly spicy with herbal and floral characteristics
Herkules (GR) 25.62 Floral Spicy, floral and hop notes with hints of pine, black pepper and melon
Styrian Aurora 24.16 Floral, Pine Intense and pleasant displaying floral, pine and hoppy characteristics
Sorachi Ace 22.62 Citrus, Herbal, Grassy Unique lemon and dill characteristics
Yakima Gold 22.62 Mild and pleasant
Millenium 22.2 Floral, Tobacco/Earthy, Herbal Mild and resinous with floral and herbal tones
Ahtanum 20.69 Citrus, Floral, Tobacco/Earthy Floral, earthy, citrus and grapefruit tones
Sterling 19.33 Citrus, Spicy Herbal and spicy, with a hint of floral, citrus (lemon/pineapple) characteristics
Summit 19.21 Citrus, Spicy, Tobacco/Earthy Distinct spice, earthy, onion, garlic and citrus (pink grapefruit, orange and tangerine) tones
Equinox 19.07 Citrus, Herbal, Tropical Fruit A pronounced aroma profile with citrus, tropical fruit, floral and herbal characteristics. Specific descriptors include lemon, lime, papaya, apple, and green pepper.
Bullion 18.84 Fruity Strong and zesty blackcurrant characteristics
Cluster 18.82 Floral, Spicy Strong floral and spicy characteristics
Nugget 18.8 Spicy, Herbal Mild and pleasant with spicy, herbal tones
Chinook 18.35 Citrus, Spicy, Pine Distinct, medium intensity spice and pine characteristics with subtle notes of grapefruit
Mt. Rainier 17.92 Citrus, Floral, Spicy Floral and noble aromas, with citrus and licorice overtones
Amarillo 17.9 Citrus, Floral, Tropical Fruit Floral, tropical, and citrus (lemon, orange and grapefruit) characteristics
Simcoe 17.42 Citrus, Tobacco/Earthy, Pine Unique passionfruit, pine, earth and citrus characteristics
Newport 17.32 Mild
Horizon 16.36 Floral, Spicy Pleasant and spicy, with floral characteristics
Warrior 16.03 Citrus, Herbal, Pine Mild and resinous with subtle citrus, pine and herbal characteristics
Brewers Gold 15.65 Fruity, Spicy Spicy, fruity characteristics, black currant
Brewers Delight 15.22
Palisade 14.89 Stone Fruit, Herbal, Grassy Apricot, grass and clean floral charcteristics
Cascade 14.19 Fruity, Citrus, Floral Medium intense floral, citrus and grapefruit tones
Galena 13.53 Citrus, Stone Fruit, Spicy Spicy, blackcurrant and citrus (grapefruit) tones
Bitter Gold 13.49 No specific aroma characteristics
Chelan 12.66 Citrus, Floral Mild floral and citrus characteristics
Ultra 12.53 Floral, Spicy Mild and pleasant with spicy, floral tones
Columbus 11.99 Citrus, Spicy Pungent, black pepper, licorice characteristics with subtle citrus overtones
Tahoma 11.68 Citrus, Cedar, Pine Predominate citrus and lemon notes with cedar, pine, floral, pepper and subtle green melon notes.
Centennial 10.68 Citrus, Floral Medium intensity floral and citrus (lemon) tones
Mosaic 10.62 Citrus, Floral, Grassy A complex array of tropical fruit, citrus, berry, herbal, earthy and pine characteristics
Bravo 8.97 Fruity, Floral Pleasant fruity and floral aroma characteristics
Citra 8.73 Fruity, Citrus, Tropical Fruit Strong citrus and tropical tones of grapefruit, melon, lime, gooseberry, passion fruit and lychee
Triplepearl 7.2 Pleasant and balanced with notes of melon, orange citrus, resin, spice and pepper
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Australian Hops Producers

Hops Australia

There are currently two major hop producers in Australia with the total planted area estimated at around 600 hectares. Hop Products Australia Limited (HPA) produces hops in Tasmania’s Derwent river valley and in the Ovens district near Myrtleford in north‐eastern Victoria, while Ellerslie Hops has its hop yards at Myrrhee near King Valley in Victoria. Both HPA and Ellerslie Hops run private breeding/selection programs that have yielded some locally and internationally recognised and trademarked hop varieties. These companies closely control production of their varieties.

Other Australian hops producers include Ryefield Hops (NSW), Crossover Hops (SA), Hills Hops (SA), Fresh Hops Coop (SA), Possum Lane (QLD), Karridale (WA), Hopshed (WA), Hopswest (WA). These hops producers and more are listed in the tophop.com.au hops supplier directory.

Open source varieties listed by various (small scale) suppliers for sale in Australia include, but are not necessarily limited to, the following:

  • Challenger
  • Chinook
  • Cluster
  • East Kent Golding
  • Fuggle
  • Golden Cluster
  • Goldings
  • Hallertau
  • Hersbrucker
  • Kracanup
  • Mount Hood
  • Nugget
  • Perle
  • Precoce d’Bourgogne
  • Pride of Ringwood
  • Red Earth
  • Saaz
  • Target
  • Tasmanian Cascade
  • Tettnanger
  • Vienna Gold
  • Willamette
  • Wuerttemberger

On the world stage, some of these varieties are considered old and no longer widely produced, having been superseded by new varieties with characteristics preferred by brewers.

Hops Suppliers

In addition to the hops producers and suppliers listed above, there are other hops suppliers including Bintani and Hopco. If you’re looking for other raw materials including malts, check the Independent Brewers Association directory here: http://iba.org.au/directory/

Is there a hops shortage? Some craft brewers say they are battling a hops shortage. Farmers are devoting more acres to growing hops than they were five years ago, but it takes a few years for hop plants to reach their full yield.

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How to Add Hops to Homebrew

Boil Hopping

People often ask how to add hops to homebrew. Here are some tips and some common questions. 

When to add hops to beer?

You can add hops at various stages of the brewing process. Hops can be mash hopped, first wort hopped, dry hopped, boil hopped, and late hopped. Choose a technique that suits your chosen beer style. When hopping you can use fresh wet ops or usually pellet hops. Contain the hops with mash so that they don’t create a mess. Many brewers filter for clarity.

How do you use hop pellets in homebrew? Usually the pellets will dissolve during boil and settle down to the bottom of your kettle when you cool your wort. Then, when transferring to the fermenter you can just leave them behind (easier to do with a siphon). Use a hop bag – put the pellets on the bag, when you are done with the boil simply pull the bag out. Using a hop bag avoids the mess of having to strain hops from your wort.

How much hops should I add to my beer? Overall, if your dry hops plus your late hops together weigh 40–60g, you’re in the right zone. For an IPA, late hopping in the 30 – 60g per 20L range will give you the right amount of aroma, presuming you’ve dry hopped the beer.

Do you keep first hops, boil hops or late hops in for the ferment? You definitely don’t intentionally keep boiled hops in during fermentation, because they add nothing to that process. Hops added to the boil are usually left behind when draining the kettle to the fermentor, or at least if they are transferred, it is with the intent to rack off of them (and the other trub) soon.

Mash Hopping

Mash hopping is the addition of hops directly to the mash tun. Hops can be placed on top of the grain bed and left to sit as the mash is sparged. Some might say that mash hopping provides a better overall balance and character to the beer, though it adds almost no bitterness, but most people would consider it an ineffective use of hops.

Mash hopping is rarely done because it requires a fairly large amount of hops and adds little in terms of flavor. Since the hops are never boiled, no bitterness is released and most of the flavourful oils from the hop flower are lost in the boil that follows.

Brewers reckon that most of the benefits from mash hopping are due to the lowered pH (greater acidity) from mash hopping and not the hops itself. Given the high cost of hops, as well as many cheaper methods for reducing the pH of your wort, home-brewer’s rarely mash hop.

First Wort Hops

First wort hops are hops added to the boil pot at the very start of the lautering process. Unlike mash hops, first wort hops remain in the boiler during the boil and therefore do contribute bitterness to the wort.

First wort hopping is an old German method that’s made a come back. First wort beers are smoother, better blended and have less of a bitter edge and aftertaste. First hopping on lightly hopped styles reduces bitterness without upsetting the malt-bitterness balance of the beer.

Boil Hops – Bittering Hops

Do you add hops directly to wort? Bittering hops or boil hops are just that – hops added for the bulk of the boil to add bitterness to the beer. Boiling hops releases the alpha acids that provide bitterness in your beer. I will usually add my bittering hop addition at the beginning of the boil.

Boil hops aka bittering hops are added for the bulk of the boil to add bitterness to the beer. Boiling hops releases the alpha acids that provide bitterness in your beer. The longer you boil your hops, the more bitterness you will add.

Brewing calculators, such as BeerSmith (or BrewersFriend) can help estimate the bitterness for a given hop additions. In general, your bittering additions should be boiled for full length of your boil (about 60-90 minutes) to extract as much bitterness as possible. You can add your bittering hop addition at the beginning of the boil.

30 Minute additions are said to aid mouthfeel and flavor. The bitterness utilization is still fairly high, and the flavor is said to still be there.

Late Hop Additions

What is late hopping? Late hopping is the addition of hops during the latter part of the boil. It is an excellent method for creating hop aroma and flavor in your beer. In general, any additions with less than 30 minutes left in the boil and prior to cooling the wort are considered late hop additions.

Hops added in the last 5-15 minutes of the boil are called late hop additions. They’re usually not added for bittering, though they do contribute a small amount of bitterness to the beer. The main purpose for late hop additions is to add aroma and aromatic hop oils to your beer.

In addition to bittering compounds, hop cones from “aromatic” hop varieties contain volatile hop oils that provide the strong flowery aromatic flavor and scent desirable in many hoppy beer styles. Unfortunately most of these compounds boil off within 10-20 minutes of adding the hops.

Late hop additions should always use “aromatic” hop varieties, and should be done within the last 10 minutes of the boil to preserve as many aromatic oils as possible. In addition, late hop additions are most appropriate for beer styles where a hoppy flavor and aroma is needed. You would not add late hop additions to a malty or low hop beer style.

What does a 0 min boil time mean? It means putting an addition of hops at flameout, or when you turn off the kettle. Those late addition hops can add hop aroma and some nice flavor. I wouldn’t take your hops out when the boil is done for hoppy beers. Leaving those hops in while the wort cools can give you more of that aroma that some styles call for.

The Hop Back

A hop back is a device containing hops used inline between the boiler and chiller to infuse fragile hop oils and aroma directly into the hot wort before it is cooled and transferred to the fermenter. While a hop back does not add any significant bitterness to the beer, it can add great aroma to your finished beer. For more information see our article on the hop back.

Dry Hopping

Dry hopping is the addition of hops after the beer has fermented. Hops are typically added in the secondary fermenter or keg and left for a period of several days to several weeks. Dry hopping is used to add a hoppy aroma to the beer, as no bitterness is added with this method. Dry hopping is also used in many commercial beers for a hoppy burst of aroma.

The basic method is to add a few ounces of hops to the secondary before bottling. If kegging, use about half as much hops. Again you should use only aromatic hop varieties, and you should only use this method with hoppy beer styles where a strong hop aroma is desired.

Combining Hop Methods

Advanced brewers often use a combination of hop additions to achieve a burst of hop aroma and flavor, particularly for hoppy styles like India Pale Ale. In fact, many true hopheads will add substantial first wort and boil hops, followed by multiple late hop additions and a final dose of dry hops.

The “hop bursting” technique, involves adding a fraction of your bittering hops at the beginning of the boil, and the bulk of them at the very end of the boil. This method can give a great aroma and a smoother bittering.

Some try to keep things simple, so they typically add a single boil or first wort addition for bitterness, followed by a single late hop addition in the last 5-10 minutes of the boil to preserve aromatics and dry hopping if appropriate. In these hop starved times, you can also try to use higher alpha bittering hops for the main boil hops and save my precious aromatics for the late addition and for dry hopping.

On non-hoppy styles, brewers often choose to add a single bittering addition, often as first wort hops which give the smooth blending perception this method produces.

 

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Chinook Hops

Chinook Hops

Chinook hops are a very distinctive dual-purpose hop used in Ales, commonly in IPA, for both bittering and flavor/aroma. 

Chinook hops profile:

  • Characteristics: Bouquet of pine and spice
  • Purpose: Bittering & Aroma
  • Alpha Acids: 12%-14%
  • Beta Acids: 3%-4%
  • Substitutes: Galena, Eroica, Nugget, Bullion, Columbus, Northern Brewer, Target
  • Style Guide: Winter Ale, Pale Ale, India Pale Ale, Porter, Stout, Lager, Barley Wine, American Lager, American Ale

Here are some questions people often ask about Chinook hops:

What flavour do Chinook hops have? Chinook hops are mild to medium-heavy, spicy, piney, and grapefruity.

Which beers have chinook hops? Try the Mikkeller Single Hop Chinook IPA or BrewDog have a Chinook single hopped style in their 4 pack, BrewDog IPA is Dead Single Hop IPA 4 Pack (Chinook, Ella, Pioneer & Mandarina Bavaria).

What can you substitute Chinook hops with? Chinook hops can be substituted with Nugget hops, Columbus hops, Northern Brewer hops and U.K. Target hops.

Which hops can you combine Chinook with? Chinook hops are great on their own but they can also compliment Galaxy hops, Crystal hops, Ahtanum hops and maybe Cascade. They also go well combined with Simcoe and Centennial.

Can you use Chinook for dry hopping? Chinook is primarily used for its high alpha acid content as a bittering hop. These days, however, late additions and even dryhopping with Chinooks is becoming more popular. This hop can contribute herbal, piney, and smoky aromatic qualities to a beer.

 

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Centennial Hops

Centennial Hops

Centennial hops profile: Centennial is a much-celebrated hop in its versatility with its depth of bitterness. It’s used in ales and IPAs for its high alpha content and is floral in both flavour and aroma.

  • Alpha Acid Composition‎: ‎9.5%-11.5%
  • Beta Acid Composition‎: ‎3.5%-4.5%
  • Total Oil Composition‎: ‎1.5-2.5 mL/100
  • Beer styles: Ale, India pale ale
  • Similar hops: Cascade, Chinook, Tomahawk
  • Aroma: ‎Earthy, Citrus, Floral
  • Purpose: Dual-purpose
  • Origin: United States of America

Here is a question that is often asked about Centennial:

What do Centennial hops taste like? Centennial hops are sometimes called “super cascade” because they are similar in flavour profile. Centennial hops vs cascade: Centennial hops taste bitter because they have an elevated alpha acid content of 8 to 11%, compared to Cascade’s 4 to 6%, Centennial yields a more potent bitterness when used in similar quantities.

Are centennial hops good for bittering? This dual-use variety has substantial alpha-acid content as well as a nice aroma. Centennial is often used for bittering additions. It is complimentary to many American hop varieties when used in that role

Centennial hops substitutes: Centennial can be substituted with cascade, tomhawk or chinook.

Centennial hops beers? These beers are single hopped with centennial: Ballistic Centennial Single Hop IPA and Mikkeller Centennial Single Hop IPA.

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Saaz Hops

Saaz Hops

Saaz hops, also known as Czech Saaz, Saazer and Czech Saazer, have characteristics which are used in styles like Bohemian Pilsners (Bohemia is a region of Czechia). Saaz hops were named after the Czech city of Žatec (German: Saaz).

Saaz hops profile:

  • Characteristics: Noble, herbal character
  • Purpose: Aroma
  • Alpha Acids: 2.5%-4.5%
  • Beta Acids: 4%-6%
  • Origin: Czechia
  • Substitutes: Saaz (US), Sterling, Lubelska-Pulawy, Moteuka, Centennial, Amarillo®, Motueka B Saaz
  • Style Guide: Lager, Pilsner

Here are some faqs people have about Saaz hops.

Where are Saaz hops grown? There are varieties grown in Czechia (Czech Republic), Belgium and New Zealand and a higher alpha acid variety of Saaz hops are now grown in the United States.

How do you pronounce Saaz? ‘Zots’ starts with the tongue below the roof. But there is no “silent” T in Saaz. Saaz is a German word, and presumably should be pronounced as it would in German. “S” is pronounced in German as “Z” is pronounced in English, and “Z” is pronounced as “TS”

Saaz hops substitutes / alternatives? Saaz hops can be substituted with Motueka B Saaz, Saaz (US), Sterling, Lubelska-Pulawy, Moteuka, Centennial and Amarillo.

Saaz hops flavour? Saaz is one of the four original Noble hops and has a distinctive and classic aroma. It displays a mild, spicy aroma. It’s known for its prominent use in Stella Artois and countless Bohemian Lagers.

Saaz hops beers? Lagers and pilseners often use saaz hops. If you’d like to taste beers single hopped with saaz, try pilseners, or if you’re adventurous you can try Hope Estate’s Raspberry Sour raspberry berliner weisse beer or their FKA Sour Mango berliner weisse beer. You can also try beers which are single hopped with Motueka.

What’s in Stella Artois? This medium, easy drinking and refreshing 4.8% ABV pilsner lager has a distinctive malty bitter taste of the world’s best Saaz hops. Stella Artois contains only four ingredients: maize, hops, malted barley and water and is suitable for vegetarians and vegans.

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Cascade Hops

Cascade Hops

Cascade (US) hops profile:

  • Characteristics: Floral, with elements of citrus and notes of grapefruit
  • Purpose: Bittering & Aroma
  • Alpha Acids: 4.5%-8.9%
  • Beta Acids: 3.6%-7.5%
  • Origin: US
  • Substitutes: Centennial, Amarillo, Columbus, Ahtanum
  • Style Guide: Barley Wine, American Pale Ale, Ale, Lager

Australian cascade hops profile:

  • Characteristics: Same as Cascade (US) but with more notes of grapefruit
  • Purpose: Aroma
  • Alpha Acids: 5%-7%
  • Beta Acids: 5%-7%
  • Origin: Australia
  • Substitutes: Hallertau, East Kent Golding
  • Style Guide: Barley Wine, American Pale Ale, Australian Lager

Cascade hops are one of the most popular ingredients among brewers. Here are some FAQs people often ask about Cascade hops.

What beers use Cascade hops? The following list of beer styles commonly use cascade hops to help them achieve the flavour and aromas that make each of them unique.

  • American Pale Ale
  • India Pale Ale
  • American Porter
  • Blonde Ale
  • Amber Ale
  • American Hefeweizen
  • American Barley Wine
  • Red Ale

Beers with cascade hops: try the Mikkeller Single Hop Cascade IPA, the Hermitage Cascade 45 Single Hop IPA 7% and also try Little Creatures’ India Pale Ale (from the Single Batches).

What do Cascade hops taste like? Cascade has a pleasant, flowery and spicy, citrus-like quality with a slight grapefruit characteristic. In our opinion, Cascade hops also have a pineapple aroma. The hop is good for both flavour and aroma uses. It can also be used for bittering effectively, and can be used to make any ales, and indeed is characteristic of American pale ales; used in some lagers.

Where do Cascade hops come from? Cascade is grown in the U.S.A. in Oregon and Washington State. Willamette is a triploid aroma-type hop, which originated in the mid 1970’s and is a seedling of Fuggle. It is a very popular aroma hop, contributing in 1998 to 18% of the total USA hop crop.

Is Cascade a bittering hop? Magnum, Northern Brewer, and Cascade tend to be some of the most popular bittering hops. Most hops can be grouped as “citrus, piney, earthy” etc. and having a chart of this will allow you to easily substitute hops. it’s interesting to me to see people saying that cascade is used commonly as a bittering hop.

Why do hops taste like grapefruit? Lots of beer makers stick to various citrusy hops instead of actually adding grapefruit; Columbus, for example, especially gives off strong grapefruit flavor and aroma. … Its newest grapefruit puree adds a touch of tart, citrus flavor to a variety of fruit beers, ciders, meads and other fermented beverages.

What is Cascade in beer? Similar in flavour profile is the hop sometimes called “super Cascade:” Centennial. Boasting an elevated alpha acid content—this is the stuff that makes hops taste bitter—of 8 to 11%, compared to Cascade’s 4 to 6%, Centennial yields a more potent bitterness when used in similar quantities.

How do you grow Cascade hops? Place the rhizomes about 4 inches deep, and make your mound of soil about a foot high to aid drainage. Place the root side of the rhizome down. Cover the mound with some straw or light mulch to inhibit the weeds. The hop bines grow vertically and require some kind of trellis.

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Update

Hops Pellets

Hops are selling out fast and stock levels are low until May when the next harvest comes in. We still have a good range of hops available in bulk sizes, and some of the best prices in Australia. Check out our unbeatable prices on Cascade hops https://tophop.com.au/buy/cascade-hops-pellets/