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Which Hops Have a Tobacco Earthy Aroma?

Earthy Hops

Try these hops types which include a tobacco earthy aroma:

Variety Aroma Wheel Placement Description
Admiral (UK) Citrus, Tobacco/Earthy, Herbal Pleasant, resinous hop aroma with hints of citrus (orange) and herbal flavors
Ahtanum Citrus, Floral, Tobacco/Earthy Floral, earthy, citrus and grapefruit tones
EKG (UK) Floral, Spicy, Tobacco/Earthy Smooth and delicate with floral, lavender, spice, honey, earth, lemon and thyme overtones
Fuggle Fruity, Tobacco/Earthy, Grassy Mild wood and fruit characteristics
Millenium Floral, Tobacco/Earthy, Herbal Mild and resinous with floral and herbal tones
Mt. Hood Spicy, Tobacco/Earthy, Herbal Mild, herbal and somewhat pungent or spicy
Northern Brewer Tobacco/Earthy, Pine Medium intensity, pine and mint characteristics
Saaz Spicy, Tobacco/Earthy Mild spice and earth tones
Simcoe Citrus, Tobacco/Earthy, Pine Unique passionfruit, pine, earth and citrus characteristics
Summit Citrus, Spicy, Tobacco/Earthy Distinct spice, earthy, onion, garlic and citrus (pink grapefruit, orange and tangerine) tones
Tettnang (GR) Floral, Tobacco/Earthy, Herbal Mild and pleasant with balanced earthy, herbal and floral aroma impressions
WGV (UK) Floral, Tobacco/Earthy, Herbal Fresh earthy, botanical and floral flavors
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Which Hops Have the Most Myrcene?

Myrcene Hops

Myrcene, or β-myrcene, is a significant component of the essential oil of hops, and other highly fragrant plants including mangoes, bay laurel leaves, cannabis, ylang-ylang, thyme, lemongrass, basil, parsley and cardamom.

Myrcene is the terpene most frequently found in cannabis and it is considered one of the ten primary terpenes. It’s often referred to as one of the most “earthy” smelling varieties of terpene, featuring musky notes likened to cloves. Some say that myrcene flavour and aroma is green, resinous and piney, others say floral, citrus and piney.

Myrcene is widely used in the perfume industry, although rarely as a fragrant compound in its own right; more commonly, it is used as an industrial precursor to various other terpenes including geraniol, menthol, citral and nerol.

Studies have shown that myrcene tends to encourage the notorious “couch-lock” induced by the sedative qualities of THC and a high concentration of Myrcene. At the same time, many myrcene strains are known for producing joyful and euphoric effects, in addition to an overall feeling of relaxation.

Which hops have the most myrcene? Below is a table which ranks hops in terms of their myrcene content as a percentage of the total oil content.

Variety Myrcene % Aroma Wheel Placement Description
Citra 66.53 Fruity, Citrus, Tropical Fruit Strong citrus and tropical tones of grapefruit, melon, lime, gooseberry, passion fruit and lychee
Centennial 65.37 Citrus, Floral Medium intensity floral and citrus (lemon) tones
Tahoma 64.23 Citrus, Cedar, Pine Predominate citrus and lemon notes with cedar, pine, floral, pepper and subtle green melon notes.
Bravo 62.37 Fruity, Floral Pleasant fruity and floral aroma characteristics
Mosaic 61.84 Citrus, Floral, Grassy A complex array of tropical fruit, citrus, berry, herbal, earthy and pine characteristics
Mt. Rainier 58.04 Citrus, Floral, Spicy Floral and noble aromas, with citrus and licorice overtones
Ultra 56.74 Floral, Spicy Mild and pleasant with spicy, floral tones
Brewers Gold 56.44 Fruity, Spicy Spicy, fruity characteristics, black currant
Cascade 56.33 Fruity, Citrus, Floral Medium intense floral, citrus and grapefruit tones
Triplepearl 55.89 Pleasant and balanced with notes of melon, orange citrus, resin, spice and pepper
Ahtanum 54.11 Citrus, Floral, Tobacco/Earthy Floral, earthy, citrus and grapefruit tones
Columbus 53.2 Citrus, Spicy Pungent, black pepper, licorice characteristics with subtle citrus overtones
Bitter Gold 53.02 No specific aroma characteristics
Palisade 52.51 Stone Fruit, Herbal, Grassy Apricot, grass and clean floral charcteristics
Newport 52.21 Mild
Amarillo 52.14 Citrus, Floral, Tropical Fruit Floral, tropical, and citrus (lemon, orange and grapefruit) characteristics
Nugget 51.15 Spicy, Herbal Mild and pleasant with spicy, herbal tones
Sorachi Ace 50.49 Citrus, Herbal, Grassy Unique lemon and dill characteristics
Simcoe 50.35 Citrus, Tobacco/Earthy, Pine Unique passionfruit, pine, earth and citrus characteristics
Chelan 50.35 Citrus, Floral Mild floral and citrus characteristics
Horizon 49.79 Floral, Spicy Pleasant and spicy, with floral characteristics
Bullion 49.11 Fruity Strong and zesty blackcurrant characteristics
Galena 47.45 Citrus, Stone Fruit, Spicy Spicy, blackcurrant and citrus (grapefruit) tones
Brewers Delight 45.9
Warrior 44.77 Citrus, Herbal, Pine Mild and resinous with subtle citrus, pine and herbal characteristics
Crystal 44.67 Spicy Mild, spicy and floral
Millenium 44.55 Floral, Tobacco/Earthy, Herbal Mild and resinous with floral and herbal tones
Herkules (GR) 44.25 Floral Spicy, floral and hop notes with hints of pine, black pepper and melon
Glacier 43.95 Herbal Pleasant hop aroma
Cluster 43.69 Floral, Spicy Strong floral and spicy characteristics
Mt. Hood 41.97 Spicy, Tobacco/Earthy, Herbal Mild, herbal and somewhat pungent or spicy
Summit 41.41 Citrus, Spicy, Tobacco/Earthy Distinct spice, earthy, onion, garlic and citrus (pink grapefruit, orange and tangerine) tones
Magnum 41.24 No distinct aroma characteristics
Sterling 40.13 Citrus, Spicy Herbal and spicy, with a hint of floral, citrus (lemon/pineapple) characteristics
Northern Brewer 39.86 Tobacco/Earthy, Pine Medium intensity, pine and mint characteristics
Yakima Gold 39.62 Mild and pleasant
Chinook 38.21 Citrus, Spicy, Pine Distinct, medium intensity spice and pine characteristics with subtle notes of grapefruit
Styrian Aurora 36.68 Floral, Pine Intense and pleasant displaying floral, pine and hoppy characteristics
Northern Brewer (GR) 35.47 Floral, Herbal Medium intense herbal and floral tones
Equinox 34.09 Citrus, Herbal, Tropical Fruit A pronounced aroma profile with citrus, tropical fruit, floral and herbal characteristics. Specific descriptors include lemon, lime, papaya, apple, and green pepper.
Perle 33.04 Floral, Spicy, Herbal Slightly spicy with herbal and floral characteristics
Saaz 32.28 Spicy, Tobacco/Earthy Mild spice and earth tones
Hallertau 30.9 Floral, Spicy, Herbal Mild and pleasant, yet spicy, with herbal and floral characteristics
Liberty 29.94 Citrus, Spicy Mild and spicy with subtle lemon and citrus characteristics
Tettnang 28.82 Spicy Noble aroma that is pleasant and spicy
Willamette 28.01 Floral, Spicy Mild and pleasant, with slightly spicy and floral tones
Brewers Gold (GR) 26.55 Fruity, Spicy Black currant, fruit and spice characteristics
Perle (GR) 25.91 Fruity, Floral, Spicy Delicate floral, fruit, spice and mint tones
Golding 25.89 Floral, Spicy Mild and delicate with sweet floral characteristics
Hallertau (GR) 24.93 Mild, yet spicy, with floral and citrus tones
Santiam 24.59 Floral, Spicy, Herbal Slightly spicy with herbal and floral characteristics
Fuggle 24.24 Fruity, Tobacco/Earthy Mild wood and fruit characteristics
WGV (UK) 22.42 Floral, Tobacco/Earthy, Herbal Fresh earthy, botanical and floral flavors
Styrian Celeia 17.6 Floral Pleasant and hoppy, similar to traditional European varieties
EKG (UK) 15.63 Floral, Spicy, Tobacco/Earthy Smooth and delicate with floral, lavender, spice, honey, earth, lemon and thyme overtones
Tettnang (GR) 11.8 Floral, Tobacco/Earthy, Herbal Mild and pleasant with balanced earthy, herbal and floral aroma impressions
Admiral (UK) 4.8 Citrus, Tobacco/Earthy, Herbal Pleasant, resinous hop aroma with hints of citrus (orange) and herbal flavors
Vanguard 4.63 Floral, Herbal Herbal and floral tones
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Which Hops are the Hoppiest?

What's the hoppiest hop?

Which hops are the hoppiest? That depends on what you mean by hoppy. Some people associate bitterness with hops, others associate aroma and flavour with hops. Some beers with loads of hops aren’t bitter, others with loads of hops don’t have as much aroma. Hops can be added at different stages of the brew process to increase bitterness (early) or flavour and aroma (late). Let’s explore the hops contents which influence hop bitterness, aroma and flavour.

Which hops have the most flavour and aroma?

In short, the hops which have the most flavour also have the most essential oil content. Hops are partially comprised of essential oils that dictate flavour and aromatic qualities when added within the last 15 minutes of the wort boil, or when dry hopped in the fermenter. In general, hops which are boiled lose their oils; the longer they’re boiled, the less aroma and flavour they impart, except for Beta-demascenone levels which increase with boiling time. Beta-demascenone imparts a flavour of stale hops.

Hop essential oils are found in the lupulin gland, where they are formed in the final stages of hop cone maturation. As the hop cone ripens, trace amounts of oxygenated compounds of the essential oil appear first. Caryophyllene and humulene follow next, and then myrcene.

Flavours and aromas increase with the percentage of oil content in the hops. Aromas and flavours can have hints of apple, pear, melon, berry, floral, spicy, herbal, pine, resin, grass, earth/wood, onion/garlic, dank/catty, citrus, tropical fruit and stonefruit. Here is an opinion on the notes / character provided by different types of essential oils found in hops:

caryophyllene » woody (others say herbal and European)
citronellol » citrusy, fruity
farnesene » floral
geraniol » floral, rose, geranium
humulene » woody, piney (others say spicy, herbal and European)
limonene » citrusy, orange
linalool » floral, orange
myrcene » green, resinous, piney (others say floral, citrus and piney)
nerol » rose, citrusy
pinene » spicy, piney
3-mercaptohexanol » guava, tropical
3 mercaptoheyl acetate » muscat, passion fruit
4-mercapto-4-methyl-pentan-2-one » black currant, tropical

If you’re keen to develop your aroma experience, it’s possible to find isolated alpha acids for purchase.

If you’re using a blend of hops, try using a hop oils calculator to visualise the flavours and aromas on a radial graph (spider chart).

Here’s a table ranking hops by total oil content:

Variety Total oil Aroma Wheel Placement Description
Equinox 3.6 Citrus, Herbal, Tropical Fruit A pronounced aroma profile with citrus, tropical fruit, floral and herbal characteristics. Specific descriptors include lemon, lime, papaya, apple, and green pepper.
Bravo 3.2 Fruity, Floral Pleasant fruity and floral aroma characteristics
Columbus 2.9 Citrus, Spicy Pungent, black pepper, licorice characteristics with subtle citrus overtones
Citra 2.8 Fruity, Citrus, Tropical Fruit Strong citrus and tropical tones of grapefruit, melon, lime, gooseberry, passion fruit and lychee
Centennial 2.4 Citrus, Floral Medium intensity floral and citrus (lemon) tones
Sorachi Ace 2.3 Citrus, Herbal, Grassy Unique lemon and dill characteristics
Millenium 2.2 Floral, Tobacco/Earthy, Herbal Mild and resinous with floral and herbal tones
Nugget 2.2 Spicy, Herbal Mild and pleasant with spicy, herbal tones
Mosaic 2 Citrus, Floral, Grassy A complex array of tropical fruit, citrus, berry, herbal, earthy and pine characteristics
Chinook 2 Citrus, Spicy, Pine Distinct, medium intensity spice and pine characteristics with subtle notes of grapefruit
Brewers Gold 2 Fruity, Spicy Spicy, fruity characteristics, black currant
Simcoe 1.9 Citrus, Tobacco/Earthy, Pine Unique passionfruit, pine, earth and citrus characteristics
Mt. Hood 1.9 Spicy, Tobacco/Earthy, Herbal Mild, herbal and somewhat pungent or spicy
Warrior 1.8 Citrus, Herbal, Pine Mild and resinous with subtle citrus, pine and herbal characteristics
Galena 1.8 Citrus, Stone Fruit, Spicy Spicy, blackcurrant and citrus (grapefruit) tones
Newport 1.8 Mild
Triplepearl 1.8 Pleasant and balanced with notes of melon, orange citrus, resin, spice and pepper
Herkules (GR) 1.7 Floral Spicy, floral and hop notes with hints of pine, black pepper and melon
Amarillo 1.7 Citrus, Floral, Tropical Fruit Floral, tropical, and citrus (lemon, orange and grapefruit) characteristics
Santiam 1.7 Floral, Spicy, Herbal Slightly spicy with herbal and floral characteristics
Summit 1.6 Citrus, Spicy, Tobacco/Earthy Distinct spice, earthy, onion, garlic and citrus (pink grapefruit, orange and tangerine) tones
Magnum 1.6 No distinct aroma characteristics
Palisade 1.6 Stone Fruit, Herbal, Grassy Apricot, grass and clean floral charcteristics
Cascade 1.5 Fruity, Citrus, Floral Medium intense floral, citrus and grapefruit tones
Chelan 1.4 Citrus, Floral Mild floral and citrus characteristics
Bitter Gold 1.4 No specific aroma characteristics
Brewers Delight 1.4
Northern Brewer 1.4 Tobacco/Earthy, Pine Medium intensity, pine and mint characteristics
Sterling 1.4 Citrus, Spicy Herbal and spicy, with a hint of floral, citrus (lemon/pineapple) characteristics
Crystal 1.4 Spicy Mild, spicy and floral
Tahoma 1.3 Citrus, Cedar, Pine Predominate citrus and lemon notes with cedar, pine, floral, pepper and subtle green melon notes.
Northern Brewer (GR) 1.3 Floral, Herbal Medium intense herbal and floral tones
Mt. Rainier 1.3 Citrus, Floral, Spicy Floral and noble aromas, with citrus and licorice overtones
Ahtanum 1.3 Citrus, Floral, Tobacco/Earthy Floral, earthy, citrus and grapefruit tones
Horizon 1.2 Floral, Spicy Pleasant and spicy, with floral characteristics
Perle 1.2 Floral, Spicy, Herbal Slightly spicy with herbal and floral characteristics
Bullion 1.2 Fruity Strong and zesty blackcurrant characteristics
Saaz 1.2 Spicy, Tobacco/Earthy Mild spice and earth tones
Willamette 1.2 Floral, Spicy Mild and pleasant, with slightly spicy and floral tones
Perle (GR) 1.1 Fruity, Floral, Spicy Delicate floral, fruit, spice and mint tones
Liberty 1.1 Citrus, Spicy Mild and spicy with subtle lemon and citrus characteristics
Ultra 1 Floral, Spicy Mild and pleasant with spicy, floral tones
Yakima Gold 1 Mild and pleasant
WGV (UK) 0.9 Floral, Tobacco/Earthy, Herbal Fresh earthy, botanical and floral flavors
Glacier 0.9 Herbal Pleasant hop aroma
Styrian Aurora 0.8 Floral, Pine Intense and pleasant displaying floral, pine and hoppy characteristics
Hallertau 0.8 Floral, Spicy, Herbal Mild and pleasant, yet spicy, with herbal and floral characteristics
Brewers Gold (GR) 0.8 Fruity, Spicy Black currant, fruit and spice characteristics
Hallertau (GR) 0.8 Mild, yet spicy, with floral and citrus tones
Styrian Celeia 0.8 Floral Pleasant and hoppy, similar to traditional European varieties
Golding 0.7 Floral, Spicy Mild and delicate with sweet floral characteristics
Tettnang 0.7 Spicy Noble aroma that is pleasant and spicy
Fuggle 0.7 Fruity, Tobacco/Earthy Mild wood and fruit characteristics
Vanguard 0.6 Floral, Herbal Herbal and floral tones
Cluster 0.5 Floral, Spicy Strong floral and spicy characteristics
Tettnang (GR) 0.5 Floral, Tobacco/Earthy, Herbal Mild and pleasant with balanced earthy, herbal and floral aroma impressions
EKG (UK) 0.4 Floral, Spicy, Tobacco/Earthy Smooth and delicate with floral, lavender, spice, honey, earth, lemon and thyme overtones
Admiral (UK) 0.2 Citrus, Tobacco/Earthy, Herbal Pleasant, resinous hop aroma with hints of citrus (orange) and herbal flavors

Which hops are the most bitter?

In short, the most bitter hops have the highest alpha acid content. Bitterness increases with the percentage of alpha acids content in the hops. Bitterness in beer is measured in International Bitterness Units (IBUs) which represent the parts per million of iso-alpha acid present in a beer.

Brewers believe that alpha acids are of primary importance to consider when brewing a beer.  Beta acids are only important when considered in context with alpha acids.  As compared to humulone, the addition of some carbons on the lower part of the lupulone molecule result in beta acids being insoluble.  Alpha acids are soluble in the brewing process and are converted to iso-alpha acids.  Iso-alpha acids content is measured and reported as International Bitterness Units (IBUs).  Beta acids on the other hand are relatively insoluble during brewing and therefore do not contribute much to the perceived bitterness of beer.

Beta acids comprise a significant percentage of lupulin and hop oils.  In fact, most hops contain just as many beta acids as alpha acids.  The beta acids do not seem important during the brewing process.  However, beta acids isomerize when stored over time.  And when they isomerize, beta acids do contribute to perceived bitterness.  In fact, isomerized beta acids are perceived as being much more bitter than alpha acids (and not in a good way).  Therefore, the ratio of alpha acids to beta acids does seem to matter in the sense that a higher alpha to beta ratio is better than a low alpha to beta ratio.

Below is a list of some known alpha and beta acids:

Alpha acids:
(1) Humulone
(2) Cohumulone
(3) Adhumulone
(4) Posthumulone
(5) Prehumulone

Beta acids:
(1) Lupulone
(2) Colupulone
(3) Adlupulone

Which hops have the most alpha-acids? Here is a table ranking hops by bitterness based on alpha acid content:

Variety Alpha Aroma Wheel Placement Description
Herkules (GR) 17.2 Floral Spicy, floral and hop notes with hints of pine, black pepper and melon
Summit 17.1 Citrus, Spicy, Tobacco/Earthy Distinct spice, earthy, onion, garlic and citrus (pink grapefruit, orange and tangerine) tones
Millenium 16.8 Floral, Tobacco/Earthy, Herbal Mild and resinous with floral and herbal tones
Columbus 16.5 Citrus, Spicy Pungent, black pepper, licorice characteristics with subtle citrus overtones
Bravo 16.1 Fruity, Floral Pleasant fruity and floral aroma characteristics
Warrior 15.9 Citrus, Herbal, Pine Mild and resinous with subtle citrus, pine and herbal characteristics
Nugget 15.3 Spicy, Herbal Mild and pleasant with spicy, herbal tones
Equinox 15.2 Citrus, Herbal, Tropical Fruit A pronounced aroma profile with citrus, tropical fruit, floral and herbal characteristics. Specific descriptors include lemon, lime, papaya, apple, and green pepper.
Galena 14.7 Citrus, Stone Fruit, Spicy Spicy, blackcurrant and citrus (grapefruit) tones
Admiral (UK) 14.2 Citrus, Tobacco/Earthy, Herbal Pleasant, resinous hop aroma with hints of citrus (orange) and herbal flavors
Chelan 14.1 Citrus, Floral Mild floral and citrus characteristics
Citra 13.8 Fruity, Citrus, Tropical Fruit Strong citrus and tropical tones of grapefruit, melon, lime, gooseberry, passion fruit and lychee
Magnum 13.7 No distinct aroma characteristics
Bitter Gold 13.6 No specific aroma characteristics
Simcoe 13.6 Citrus, Tobacco/Earthy, Pine Unique passionfruit, pine, earth and citrus characteristics
Mosaic 13.2 Citrus, Floral, Grassy A complex array of tropical fruit, citrus, berry, herbal, earthy and pine characteristics
Chinook 13.2 Citrus, Spicy, Pine Distinct, medium intensity spice and pine characteristics with subtle notes of grapefruit
Sorachi Ace 11.7 Citrus, Herbal, Grassy Unique lemon and dill characteristics
Newport 11.6 Mild
Brewers Delight 11.4
Horizon 10.4 Floral, Spicy Pleasant and spicy, with floral characteristics
Centennial 10.2 Citrus, Floral Medium intensity floral and citrus (lemon) tones
Brewers Gold 10 Fruity, Spicy Spicy, fruity characteristics, black currant
Triplepearl 9.3 Pleasant and balanced with notes of melon, orange citrus, resin, spice and pepper
Ultra 9.1 Floral, Spicy Mild and pleasant with spicy, floral tones
Amarillo 9 Citrus, Floral, Tropical Fruit Floral, tropical, and citrus (lemon, orange and grapefruit) characteristics
Palisade 8.4 Stone Fruit, Herbal, Grassy Apricot, grass and clean floral charcteristics
Perle 8.3 Floral, Spicy, Herbal Slightly spicy with herbal and floral characteristics
Cluster 8.2 Floral, Spicy Strong floral and spicy characteristics
Northern Brewer 8.2 Tobacco/Earthy, Pine Medium intensity, pine and mint characteristics
Bullion 8.1 Fruity Strong and zesty blackcurrant characteristics
Sterling 8 Citrus, Spicy Herbal and spicy, with a hint of floral, citrus (lemon/pineapple) characteristics
Cascade 7.4 Fruity, Citrus, Floral Medium intense floral, citrus and grapefruit tones
Yakima Gold 7.4 Mild and pleasant
Santiam 7.4 Floral, Spicy, Herbal Slightly spicy with herbal and floral characteristics
Styrian Aurora 7.2 Floral, Pine Intense and pleasant displaying floral, pine and hoppy characteristics
Tahoma 6.8 Citrus, Cedar, Pine Predominate citrus and lemon notes with cedar, pine, floral, pepper and subtle green melon notes.
Northern Brewer (GR) 6.8 Floral, Herbal Medium intense herbal and floral tones
Mt. Hood 6.5 Spicy, Tobacco/Earthy, Herbal Mild, herbal and somewhat pungent or spicy
Saaz 6.3 Spicy, Tobacco/Earthy Mild spice and earth tones
Mt. Rainier 6.1 Citrus, Floral, Spicy Floral and noble aromas, with citrus and licorice overtones
Perle (GR) 6.1 Fruity, Floral, Spicy Delicate floral, fruit, spice and mint tones
WGV (UK) 5.9 Floral, Tobacco/Earthy, Herbal Fresh earthy, botanical and floral flavors
Willamette 5.4 Floral, Spicy Mild and pleasant, with slightly spicy and floral tones
Vanguard 5.4 Floral, Herbal Herbal and floral tones
Golding 5.1 Floral, Spicy Mild and delicate with sweet floral characteristics
EKG (UK) 5.1 Floral, Spicy, Tobacco/Earthy Smooth and delicate with floral, lavender, spice, honey, earth, lemon and thyme overtones
Glacier 5 Herbal Pleasant hop aroma
Hallertau 4.9 Floral, Spicy, Herbal Mild and pleasant, yet spicy, with herbal and floral characteristics
Tettnang 4.9 Spicy Noble aroma that is pleasant and spicy
Liberty 4.7 Citrus, Spicy Mild and spicy with subtle lemon and citrus characteristics
Brewers Gold (GR) 4.7 Fruity, Spicy Black currant, fruit and spice characteristics
Crystal 4.6 Spicy Mild, spicy and floral
Fuggle 4.4 Fruity, Tobacco/Earthy Mild wood and fruit characteristics
Ahtanum 4.3 Citrus, Floral, Tobacco/Earthy Floral, earthy, citrus and grapefruit tones
Hallertau (GR) 3.8 Mild, yet spicy, with floral and citrus tones
Tettnang (GR) 3.4 Floral, Tobacco/Earthy, Herbal Mild and pleasant with balanced earthy, herbal and floral aroma impressions
Styrian Celeia 2.7 Floral Pleasant and hoppy, similar to traditional European varieties

Here is a table ranking the quality of bitterness:

Variety Alpha/Beta Aroma Wheel Placement Description
Citra 3.73 Fruity, Citrus, Tropical Fruit Strong citrus and tropical tones of grapefruit, melon, lime, gooseberry, passion fruit and lychee
Bravo 3.66 Fruity, Floral Pleasant fruity and floral aroma characteristics
Mosaic 3.57 Citrus, Floral, Grassy A complex array of tropical fruit, citrus, berry, herbal, earthy and pine characteristics
Chinook 3.57 Citrus, Spicy, Pine Distinct, medium intensity spice and pine characteristics with subtle notes of grapefruit
Nugget 3.40 Spicy, Herbal Mild and pleasant with spicy, herbal tones
Simcoe 3.40 Citrus, Tobacco/Earthy, Pine Unique passionfruit, pine, earth and citrus characteristics
Warrior 3.31 Citrus, Herbal, Pine Mild and resinous with subtle citrus, pine and herbal characteristics
Summit 3.23 Citrus, Spicy, Tobacco/Earthy Distinct spice, earthy, onion, garlic and citrus (pink grapefruit, orange and tangerine) tones
Millenium 3.17 Floral, Tobacco/Earthy, Herbal Mild and resinous with floral and herbal tones
Equinox 3.17 Citrus, Herbal, Tropical Fruit A pronounced aroma profile with citrus, tropical fruit, floral and herbal characteristics. Specific descriptors include lemon, lime, papaya, apple, and green pepper.
Columbus 3.06 Citrus, Spicy Pungent, black pepper, licorice characteristics with subtle citrus overtones
Herkules (GR) 3.02 Floral Spicy, floral and hop notes with hints of pine, black pepper and melon
Triplepearl 2.91 Pleasant and balanced with notes of melon, orange citrus, resin, spice and pepper
Centennial 2.55 Citrus, Floral Medium intensity floral and citrus (lemon) tones
Bitter Gold 2.43 No specific aroma characteristics
Ultra 2.39 Floral, Spicy Mild and pleasant with spicy, floral tones
Brewers Delight 2.28
Golding 2.22 Floral, Spicy Mild and delicate with sweet floral characteristics
Styrian Aurora 2.18 Floral, Pine Intense and pleasant displaying floral, pine and hoppy characteristics
Perle 2.13 Floral, Spicy, Herbal Slightly spicy with herbal and floral characteristics
Magnum 2.11 No distinct aroma characteristics
Yakima Gold 2.00 Mild and pleasant
Admiral (UK) 1.97 Citrus, Tobacco/Earthy, Herbal Pleasant, resinous hop aroma with hints of citrus (orange) and herbal flavors
Northern Brewer 1.95 Tobacco/Earthy, Pine Medium intensity, pine and mint characteristics
Brewers Gold 1.92 Fruity, Spicy Spicy, fruity characteristics, black currant
Bullion 1.84 Fruity Strong and zesty blackcurrant characteristics
Newport 1.78 Mild
Sorachi Ace 1.72 Citrus, Herbal, Grassy Unique lemon and dill characteristics
EKG (UK) 1.70 Floral, Spicy, Tobacco/Earthy Smooth and delicate with floral, lavender, spice, honey, earth, lemon and thyme overtones
Tettnang 1.69 Spicy Noble aroma that is pleasant and spicy
Galena 1.69 Citrus, Stone Fruit, Spicy Spicy, blackcurrant and citrus (grapefruit) tones
Horizon 1.65 Floral, Spicy Pleasant and spicy, with floral characteristics
Fuggle 1.63 Fruity, Tobacco/Earthy Mild wood and fruit characteristics
Northern Brewer (GR) 1.58 Floral, Herbal Medium intense herbal and floral tones
Hallertau 1.58 Floral, Spicy, Herbal Mild and pleasant, yet spicy, with herbal and floral characteristics
WGV (UK) 1.55 Floral, Tobacco/Earthy, Herbal Fresh earthy, botanical and floral flavors
Cluster 1.55 Floral, Spicy Strong floral and spicy characteristics
Sterling 1.51 Citrus, Spicy Herbal and spicy, with a hint of floral, citrus (lemon/pineapple) characteristics
Chelan 1.50 Citrus, Floral Mild floral and citrus characteristics
Willamette 1.46 Floral, Spicy Mild and pleasant, with slightly spicy and floral tones
Amarillo 1.45 Citrus, Floral, Tropical Fruit Floral, tropical, and citrus (lemon, orange and grapefruit) characteristics
Liberty 1.31 Citrus, Spicy Mild and spicy with subtle lemon and citrus characteristics
Brewers Gold (GR) 1.27 Fruity, Spicy Black currant, fruit and spice characteristics
Perle (GR) 1.22 Fruity, Floral, Spicy Delicate floral, fruit, spice and mint tones
Saaz 1.21 Spicy, Tobacco/Earthy Mild spice and earth tones
Palisade 1.15 Stone Fruit, Herbal, Grassy Apricot, grass and clean floral charcteristics
Styrian Celeia 1.08 Floral Pleasant and hoppy, similar to traditional European varieties
Cascade 1.06 Fruity, Citrus, Floral Medium intense floral, citrus and grapefruit tones
Santiam 1.01 Floral, Spicy, Herbal Slightly spicy with herbal and floral characteristics
Mt. Hood 0.94 Spicy, Tobacco/Earthy, Herbal Mild, herbal and somewhat pungent or spicy
Vanguard 0.92 Floral, Herbal Herbal and floral tones
Tahoma 0.88 Citrus, Cedar, Pine Predominate citrus and lemon notes with cedar, pine, floral, pepper and subtle green melon notes.
Ahtanum 0.86 Citrus, Floral, Tobacco/Earthy Floral, earthy, citrus and grapefruit tones
Mt. Rainier 0.84 Citrus, Floral, Spicy Floral and noble aromas, with citrus and licorice overtones
Hallertau (GR) 0.75 Mild, yet spicy, with floral and citrus tones
Glacier 0.69 Herbal Pleasant hop aroma
Tettnang (GR) 0.69 Floral, Tobacco/Earthy, Herbal Mild and pleasant with balanced earthy, herbal and floral aroma impressions
Crystal 0.63 Spicy Mild, spicy and floral

You might also be interested in reading the answers to these questions:
Which Hops have the Most Humulene?
Which Hops Have the Most Myrcene?
Which Hops Have the Most Linalool?
Which Hops Have the Most Geraniol?
Which Hops Have the Most Farnesene?
Which Hops Have the Most Caryophyllene?

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Fuggle Hops

Fuggle Hops

Fuggle hops are also known as Fuggles hops and Fuggle UK. Fuggles are also identical to Styrian Golding. Fuggle is used in breeding and is parent to Willamette, Cascade, and Glacier hops.

Fuggle hops profile:

  • Purpose: Aroma
  • Alpha Acids: 2.4%-6.1%
  • Beta Acids: 2.1%-2.8%
  • Origin: UK
  • Substitutes: Fuggle (US), Willamette, Styrian Golding, Tettnanger, Newport
  • Style Guide: English Ale, Porter, Mild Ale, Bitter, Extra Special Bitter, Lambic, Amber Ale, Cask Ale, Stout, Oatmeal Stout, Strong Ale, Nut Brown Ale, Golden Ale, Christmas Ale

Here are some questions people often ask about Fuggle hops.

How do you pronounce fuggle? “Fug” rhymes with hug. The “gle” is the same as it is in giggle.

What flavour do fuggles have? Originally used as a bittering and aroma hop, fuggles have more recently been used as primarily an aroma hop. The earthy and woody characteristics of Fuggle makes a great addition in English style ales, milds, bitters and porters.

Beers with fuggles? If you want to taste a single hopped fuggle beer try Little Creatures’ The Fuggle is Real stout in a can.

Can you use Fuggles as a bittering hop? Although they were originally a bittering and aroma hop, Fuggles are now primarily used as an aroma hop. Fuggles aren’t typically used for bittering because their alpha acids are so low. They don’t have a bitter harshness but you can still use them for bittering.

Can you dry hop with fuggles? Fuggles can be grassy and earthy when dry hopped. Some people dislike fuggles dry hopped, but others have a taste for it. Love ’em or hate ’em.

What are the substitutes for fuggle hops? Fuggles can be replaced with Styrian Golding hops, Fuggle (US) hops and Willamette hops. You can also replace Fuggles with Tettnanger and Newport hops.

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East Kent Golding Hops

Kent Golding Hops

EKG Hops profile:

  • Characteristics: Aromas of lavender, spice, honey, thyme, earthy flavors
  • Purpose: Aroma
  • Alpha Acid Composition: 5%-6%
  • Beta Acid Composition: 2%-3%
  • Origin: England
  • Substitutes: Whitbread Golding, Progress, Fuggle, First Gold
  • Style Guide: Pale Ale, Extra Special English Ale, English Dark Ale, English Light Ale, Belgian Ale, Christmas Ale

Here are some common questions people have about EKG hops.

Which beers have EKG hops? There aren’t many EKG single hopped beers around in Australia, we’ve seen there’s a Mikkeller Single Hop East Kent Golding IPA, so it could be a good idea for someone to release a beer single hopped with EKG.

Can you use Kent Goldings for bitterring? East Kent Golding is prized for its aroma, which makes it suitable for dry hopping, but many brewers use it for bittering as well. Like most of the English hop varieties, East Kent Golding is fairly earthy in flavor, and here that quality is combined with apricot and slight notes of spice

What can you subsitute Kent Goldings hops with? You can substitute EKG with Golding Progress, Whitbread Golding, Fuggle and First Gold hops.

What’s the difference between EKG goldings and goldings? They’re very similar hops, the difference is in name reflects where they’re grown. Goldings are a group of traditional and very popular English aroma hops grown prior to 1790, they’re also cultivated also in the USA. They are called East Kent Goldings if grown in East Kent, Kent Goldings if grown in mid-Kent, and Goldings if grown elsewhere in the U.K. There are many different named cultivars such as Amon’s Early Bird, Cobbs, Bramling, Canterbury, Petham Rodmersham and in Worcestershire – Mathon. They tend to have a smooth, sweet flavor. Most types of Goldings will work in place of another (Whitbread Golding Variety for East Kent Goldings, e.g.). Note that Styrian Goldings are not of this family, they rather are identical to Fuggles.

East Kent Goldings for sale.

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Centennial Hops

Centennial Hops

Centennial hops profile: Centennial is a much-celebrated hop in its versatility with its depth of bitterness. It’s used in ales and IPAs for its high alpha content and is floral in both flavour and aroma.

  • Alpha Acid Composition‎: ‎9.5%-11.5%
  • Beta Acid Composition‎: ‎3.5%-4.5%
  • Total Oil Composition‎: ‎1.5-2.5 mL/100
  • Beer styles: Ale, India pale ale
  • Similar hops: Cascade, Chinook, Tomahawk
  • Aroma: ‎Earthy, Citrus, Floral
  • Purpose: Dual-purpose
  • Origin: United States of America

Here is a question that is often asked about Centennial:

What do Centennial hops taste like? Centennial hops are sometimes called “super cascade” because they are similar in flavour profile. Centennial hops vs cascade: Centennial hops taste bitter because they have an elevated alpha acid content of 8 to 11%, compared to Cascade’s 4 to 6%, Centennial yields a more potent bitterness when used in similar quantities.

Are centennial hops good for bittering? This dual-use variety has substantial alpha-acid content as well as a nice aroma. Centennial is often used for bittering additions. It is complimentary to many American hop varieties when used in that role

Centennial hops substitutes: Centennial can be substituted with cascade, tomhawk or chinook.

Centennial hops beers? These beers are single hopped with centennial: Ballistic Centennial Single Hop IPA and Mikkeller Centennial Single Hop IPA.