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Which Hops are the Hoppiest?

What's the hoppiest hop?

Which hops are the hoppiest? That depends on what you mean by hoppy. Some people associate bitterness with hops, others associate aroma and flavour with hops. Some beers with loads of hops aren’t bitter, others with loads of hops don’t have as much aroma. Hops can be added at different stages of the brew process to increase bitterness (early) or flavour and aroma (late). Let’s explore the hops contents which influence hop bitterness, aroma and flavour.

Which hops have the most flavour and aroma?

In short, the hops which have the most flavour also have the most essential oil content. Hops are partially comprised of essential oils that dictate flavour and aromatic qualities when added within the last 15 minutes of the wort boil, or when dry hopped in the fermenter. In general, hops which are boiled lose their oils; the longer they’re boiled, the less aroma and flavour they impart, except for Beta-demascenone levels which increase with boiling time. Beta-demascenone imparts a flavour of stale hops.

Hop essential oils are found in the lupulin gland, where they are formed in the final stages of hop cone maturation. As the hop cone ripens, trace amounts of oxygenated compounds of the essential oil appear first. Caryophyllene and humulene follow next, and then myrcene.

Flavours and aromas increase with the percentage of oil content in the hops. Aromas and flavours can have hints of apple, pear, melon, berry, floral, spicy, herbal, pine, resin, grass, earth/wood, onion/garlic, dank/catty, citrus, tropical fruit and stonefruit. Here is an opinion on the notes / character provided by different types of essential oils found in hops:

caryophyllene » woody (others say herbal and European)
citronellol » citrusy, fruity
farnesene » floral
geraniol » floral, rose, geranium
humulene » woody, piney (others say spicy, herbal and European)
limonene » citrusy, orange
linalool » floral, orange
myrcene » green, resinous, piney (others say floral, citrus and piney)
nerol » rose, citrusy
pinene » spicy, piney
3-mercaptohexanol » guava, tropical
3 mercaptoheyl acetate » muscat, passion fruit
4-mercapto-4-methyl-pentan-2-one » black currant, tropical

If you’re keen to develop your aroma experience, it’s possible to find isolated alpha acids for purchase.

If you’re using a blend of hops, try using a hop oils calculator to visualise the flavours and aromas on a radial graph (spider chart).

Here’s a table ranking hops by total oil content:

Variety Total oil Aroma Wheel Placement Description
Equinox 3.6 Citrus, Herbal, Tropical Fruit A pronounced aroma profile with citrus, tropical fruit, floral and herbal characteristics. Specific descriptors include lemon, lime, papaya, apple, and green pepper.
Bravo 3.2 Fruity, Floral Pleasant fruity and floral aroma characteristics
Columbus 2.9 Citrus, Spicy Pungent, black pepper, licorice characteristics with subtle citrus overtones
Citra 2.8 Fruity, Citrus, Tropical Fruit Strong citrus and tropical tones of grapefruit, melon, lime, gooseberry, passion fruit and lychee
Centennial 2.4 Citrus, Floral Medium intensity floral and citrus (lemon) tones
Sorachi Ace 2.3 Citrus, Herbal, Grassy Unique lemon and dill characteristics
Millenium 2.2 Floral, Tobacco/Earthy, Herbal Mild and resinous with floral and herbal tones
Nugget 2.2 Spicy, Herbal Mild and pleasant with spicy, herbal tones
Mosaic 2 Citrus, Floral, Grassy A complex array of tropical fruit, citrus, berry, herbal, earthy and pine characteristics
Chinook 2 Citrus, Spicy, Pine Distinct, medium intensity spice and pine characteristics with subtle notes of grapefruit
Brewers Gold 2 Fruity, Spicy Spicy, fruity characteristics, black currant
Simcoe 1.9 Citrus, Tobacco/Earthy, Pine Unique passionfruit, pine, earth and citrus characteristics
Mt. Hood 1.9 Spicy, Tobacco/Earthy, Herbal Mild, herbal and somewhat pungent or spicy
Warrior 1.8 Citrus, Herbal, Pine Mild and resinous with subtle citrus, pine and herbal characteristics
Galena 1.8 Citrus, Stone Fruit, Spicy Spicy, blackcurrant and citrus (grapefruit) tones
Newport 1.8 Mild
Triplepearl 1.8 Pleasant and balanced with notes of melon, orange citrus, resin, spice and pepper
Herkules (GR) 1.7 Floral Spicy, floral and hop notes with hints of pine, black pepper and melon
Amarillo 1.7 Citrus, Floral, Tropical Fruit Floral, tropical, and citrus (lemon, orange and grapefruit) characteristics
Santiam 1.7 Floral, Spicy, Herbal Slightly spicy with herbal and floral characteristics
Summit 1.6 Citrus, Spicy, Tobacco/Earthy Distinct spice, earthy, onion, garlic and citrus (pink grapefruit, orange and tangerine) tones
Magnum 1.6 No distinct aroma characteristics
Palisade 1.6 Stone Fruit, Herbal, Grassy Apricot, grass and clean floral charcteristics
Cascade 1.5 Fruity, Citrus, Floral Medium intense floral, citrus and grapefruit tones
Chelan 1.4 Citrus, Floral Mild floral and citrus characteristics
Bitter Gold 1.4 No specific aroma characteristics
Brewers Delight 1.4
Northern Brewer 1.4 Tobacco/Earthy, Pine Medium intensity, pine and mint characteristics
Sterling 1.4 Citrus, Spicy Herbal and spicy, with a hint of floral, citrus (lemon/pineapple) characteristics
Crystal 1.4 Spicy Mild, spicy and floral
Tahoma 1.3 Citrus, Cedar, Pine Predominate citrus and lemon notes with cedar, pine, floral, pepper and subtle green melon notes.
Northern Brewer (GR) 1.3 Floral, Herbal Medium intense herbal and floral tones
Mt. Rainier 1.3 Citrus, Floral, Spicy Floral and noble aromas, with citrus and licorice overtones
Ahtanum 1.3 Citrus, Floral, Tobacco/Earthy Floral, earthy, citrus and grapefruit tones
Horizon 1.2 Floral, Spicy Pleasant and spicy, with floral characteristics
Perle 1.2 Floral, Spicy, Herbal Slightly spicy with herbal and floral characteristics
Bullion 1.2 Fruity Strong and zesty blackcurrant characteristics
Saaz 1.2 Spicy, Tobacco/Earthy Mild spice and earth tones
Willamette 1.2 Floral, Spicy Mild and pleasant, with slightly spicy and floral tones
Perle (GR) 1.1 Fruity, Floral, Spicy Delicate floral, fruit, spice and mint tones
Liberty 1.1 Citrus, Spicy Mild and spicy with subtle lemon and citrus characteristics
Ultra 1 Floral, Spicy Mild and pleasant with spicy, floral tones
Yakima Gold 1 Mild and pleasant
WGV (UK) 0.9 Floral, Tobacco/Earthy, Herbal Fresh earthy, botanical and floral flavors
Glacier 0.9 Herbal Pleasant hop aroma
Styrian Aurora 0.8 Floral, Pine Intense and pleasant displaying floral, pine and hoppy characteristics
Hallertau 0.8 Floral, Spicy, Herbal Mild and pleasant, yet spicy, with herbal and floral characteristics
Brewers Gold (GR) 0.8 Fruity, Spicy Black currant, fruit and spice characteristics
Hallertau (GR) 0.8 Mild, yet spicy, with floral and citrus tones
Styrian Celeia 0.8 Floral Pleasant and hoppy, similar to traditional European varieties
Golding 0.7 Floral, Spicy Mild and delicate with sweet floral characteristics
Tettnang 0.7 Spicy Noble aroma that is pleasant and spicy
Fuggle 0.7 Fruity, Tobacco/Earthy Mild wood and fruit characteristics
Vanguard 0.6 Floral, Herbal Herbal and floral tones
Cluster 0.5 Floral, Spicy Strong floral and spicy characteristics
Tettnang (GR) 0.5 Floral, Tobacco/Earthy, Herbal Mild and pleasant with balanced earthy, herbal and floral aroma impressions
EKG (UK) 0.4 Floral, Spicy, Tobacco/Earthy Smooth and delicate with floral, lavender, spice, honey, earth, lemon and thyme overtones
Admiral (UK) 0.2 Citrus, Tobacco/Earthy, Herbal Pleasant, resinous hop aroma with hints of citrus (orange) and herbal flavors

Which hops are the most bitter?

In short, the most bitter hops have the highest alpha acid content. Bitterness increases with the percentage of alpha acids content in the hops. Bitterness in beer is measured in International Bitterness Units (IBUs) which represent the parts per million of iso-alpha acid present in a beer.

Brewers believe that alpha acids are of primary importance to consider when brewing a beer.  Beta acids are only important when considered in context with alpha acids.  As compared to humulone, the addition of some carbons on the lower part of the lupulone molecule result in beta acids being insoluble.  Alpha acids are soluble in the brewing process and are converted to iso-alpha acids.  Iso-alpha acids content is measured and reported as International Bitterness Units (IBUs).  Beta acids on the other hand are relatively insoluble during brewing and therefore do not contribute much to the perceived bitterness of beer.

Beta acids comprise a significant percentage of lupulin and hop oils.  In fact, most hops contain just as many beta acids as alpha acids.  The beta acids do not seem important during the brewing process.  However, beta acids isomerize when stored over time.  And when they isomerize, beta acids do contribute to perceived bitterness.  In fact, isomerized beta acids are perceived as being much more bitter than alpha acids (and not in a good way).  Therefore, the ratio of alpha acids to beta acids does seem to matter in the sense that a higher alpha to beta ratio is better than a low alpha to beta ratio.

Below is a list of some known alpha and beta acids:

Alpha acids:
(1) Humulone
(2) Cohumulone
(3) Adhumulone
(4) Posthumulone
(5) Prehumulone

Beta acids:
(1) Lupulone
(2) Colupulone
(3) Adlupulone

Which hops have the most alpha-acids? Here is a table ranking hops by bitterness based on alpha acid content:

Variety Alpha Aroma Wheel Placement Description
Herkules (GR) 17.2 Floral Spicy, floral and hop notes with hints of pine, black pepper and melon
Summit 17.1 Citrus, Spicy, Tobacco/Earthy Distinct spice, earthy, onion, garlic and citrus (pink grapefruit, orange and tangerine) tones
Millenium 16.8 Floral, Tobacco/Earthy, Herbal Mild and resinous with floral and herbal tones
Columbus 16.5 Citrus, Spicy Pungent, black pepper, licorice characteristics with subtle citrus overtones
Bravo 16.1 Fruity, Floral Pleasant fruity and floral aroma characteristics
Warrior 15.9 Citrus, Herbal, Pine Mild and resinous with subtle citrus, pine and herbal characteristics
Nugget 15.3 Spicy, Herbal Mild and pleasant with spicy, herbal tones
Equinox 15.2 Citrus, Herbal, Tropical Fruit A pronounced aroma profile with citrus, tropical fruit, floral and herbal characteristics. Specific descriptors include lemon, lime, papaya, apple, and green pepper.
Galena 14.7 Citrus, Stone Fruit, Spicy Spicy, blackcurrant and citrus (grapefruit) tones
Admiral (UK) 14.2 Citrus, Tobacco/Earthy, Herbal Pleasant, resinous hop aroma with hints of citrus (orange) and herbal flavors
Chelan 14.1 Citrus, Floral Mild floral and citrus characteristics
Citra 13.8 Fruity, Citrus, Tropical Fruit Strong citrus and tropical tones of grapefruit, melon, lime, gooseberry, passion fruit and lychee
Magnum 13.7 No distinct aroma characteristics
Bitter Gold 13.6 No specific aroma characteristics
Simcoe 13.6 Citrus, Tobacco/Earthy, Pine Unique passionfruit, pine, earth and citrus characteristics
Mosaic 13.2 Citrus, Floral, Grassy A complex array of tropical fruit, citrus, berry, herbal, earthy and pine characteristics
Chinook 13.2 Citrus, Spicy, Pine Distinct, medium intensity spice and pine characteristics with subtle notes of grapefruit
Sorachi Ace 11.7 Citrus, Herbal, Grassy Unique lemon and dill characteristics
Newport 11.6 Mild
Brewers Delight 11.4
Horizon 10.4 Floral, Spicy Pleasant and spicy, with floral characteristics
Centennial 10.2 Citrus, Floral Medium intensity floral and citrus (lemon) tones
Brewers Gold 10 Fruity, Spicy Spicy, fruity characteristics, black currant
Triplepearl 9.3 Pleasant and balanced with notes of melon, orange citrus, resin, spice and pepper
Ultra 9.1 Floral, Spicy Mild and pleasant with spicy, floral tones
Amarillo 9 Citrus, Floral, Tropical Fruit Floral, tropical, and citrus (lemon, orange and grapefruit) characteristics
Palisade 8.4 Stone Fruit, Herbal, Grassy Apricot, grass and clean floral charcteristics
Perle 8.3 Floral, Spicy, Herbal Slightly spicy with herbal and floral characteristics
Cluster 8.2 Floral, Spicy Strong floral and spicy characteristics
Northern Brewer 8.2 Tobacco/Earthy, Pine Medium intensity, pine and mint characteristics
Bullion 8.1 Fruity Strong and zesty blackcurrant characteristics
Sterling 8 Citrus, Spicy Herbal and spicy, with a hint of floral, citrus (lemon/pineapple) characteristics
Cascade 7.4 Fruity, Citrus, Floral Medium intense floral, citrus and grapefruit tones
Yakima Gold 7.4 Mild and pleasant
Santiam 7.4 Floral, Spicy, Herbal Slightly spicy with herbal and floral characteristics
Styrian Aurora 7.2 Floral, Pine Intense and pleasant displaying floral, pine and hoppy characteristics
Tahoma 6.8 Citrus, Cedar, Pine Predominate citrus and lemon notes with cedar, pine, floral, pepper and subtle green melon notes.
Northern Brewer (GR) 6.8 Floral, Herbal Medium intense herbal and floral tones
Mt. Hood 6.5 Spicy, Tobacco/Earthy, Herbal Mild, herbal and somewhat pungent or spicy
Saaz 6.3 Spicy, Tobacco/Earthy Mild spice and earth tones
Mt. Rainier 6.1 Citrus, Floral, Spicy Floral and noble aromas, with citrus and licorice overtones
Perle (GR) 6.1 Fruity, Floral, Spicy Delicate floral, fruit, spice and mint tones
WGV (UK) 5.9 Floral, Tobacco/Earthy, Herbal Fresh earthy, botanical and floral flavors
Willamette 5.4 Floral, Spicy Mild and pleasant, with slightly spicy and floral tones
Vanguard 5.4 Floral, Herbal Herbal and floral tones
Golding 5.1 Floral, Spicy Mild and delicate with sweet floral characteristics
EKG (UK) 5.1 Floral, Spicy, Tobacco/Earthy Smooth and delicate with floral, lavender, spice, honey, earth, lemon and thyme overtones
Glacier 5 Herbal Pleasant hop aroma
Hallertau 4.9 Floral, Spicy, Herbal Mild and pleasant, yet spicy, with herbal and floral characteristics
Tettnang 4.9 Spicy Noble aroma that is pleasant and spicy
Liberty 4.7 Citrus, Spicy Mild and spicy with subtle lemon and citrus characteristics
Brewers Gold (GR) 4.7 Fruity, Spicy Black currant, fruit and spice characteristics
Crystal 4.6 Spicy Mild, spicy and floral
Fuggle 4.4 Fruity, Tobacco/Earthy Mild wood and fruit characteristics
Ahtanum 4.3 Citrus, Floral, Tobacco/Earthy Floral, earthy, citrus and grapefruit tones
Hallertau (GR) 3.8 Mild, yet spicy, with floral and citrus tones
Tettnang (GR) 3.4 Floral, Tobacco/Earthy, Herbal Mild and pleasant with balanced earthy, herbal and floral aroma impressions
Styrian Celeia 2.7 Floral Pleasant and hoppy, similar to traditional European varieties

Here is a table ranking the quality of bitterness:

Variety Alpha/Beta Aroma Wheel Placement Description
Citra 3.73 Fruity, Citrus, Tropical Fruit Strong citrus and tropical tones of grapefruit, melon, lime, gooseberry, passion fruit and lychee
Bravo 3.66 Fruity, Floral Pleasant fruity and floral aroma characteristics
Mosaic 3.57 Citrus, Floral, Grassy A complex array of tropical fruit, citrus, berry, herbal, earthy and pine characteristics
Chinook 3.57 Citrus, Spicy, Pine Distinct, medium intensity spice and pine characteristics with subtle notes of grapefruit
Nugget 3.40 Spicy, Herbal Mild and pleasant with spicy, herbal tones
Simcoe 3.40 Citrus, Tobacco/Earthy, Pine Unique passionfruit, pine, earth and citrus characteristics
Warrior 3.31 Citrus, Herbal, Pine Mild and resinous with subtle citrus, pine and herbal characteristics
Summit 3.23 Citrus, Spicy, Tobacco/Earthy Distinct spice, earthy, onion, garlic and citrus (pink grapefruit, orange and tangerine) tones
Millenium 3.17 Floral, Tobacco/Earthy, Herbal Mild and resinous with floral and herbal tones
Equinox 3.17 Citrus, Herbal, Tropical Fruit A pronounced aroma profile with citrus, tropical fruit, floral and herbal characteristics. Specific descriptors include lemon, lime, papaya, apple, and green pepper.
Columbus 3.06 Citrus, Spicy Pungent, black pepper, licorice characteristics with subtle citrus overtones
Herkules (GR) 3.02 Floral Spicy, floral and hop notes with hints of pine, black pepper and melon
Triplepearl 2.91 Pleasant and balanced with notes of melon, orange citrus, resin, spice and pepper
Centennial 2.55 Citrus, Floral Medium intensity floral and citrus (lemon) tones
Bitter Gold 2.43 No specific aroma characteristics
Ultra 2.39 Floral, Spicy Mild and pleasant with spicy, floral tones
Brewers Delight 2.28
Golding 2.22 Floral, Spicy Mild and delicate with sweet floral characteristics
Styrian Aurora 2.18 Floral, Pine Intense and pleasant displaying floral, pine and hoppy characteristics
Perle 2.13 Floral, Spicy, Herbal Slightly spicy with herbal and floral characteristics
Magnum 2.11 No distinct aroma characteristics
Yakima Gold 2.00 Mild and pleasant
Admiral (UK) 1.97 Citrus, Tobacco/Earthy, Herbal Pleasant, resinous hop aroma with hints of citrus (orange) and herbal flavors
Northern Brewer 1.95 Tobacco/Earthy, Pine Medium intensity, pine and mint characteristics
Brewers Gold 1.92 Fruity, Spicy Spicy, fruity characteristics, black currant
Bullion 1.84 Fruity Strong and zesty blackcurrant characteristics
Newport 1.78 Mild
Sorachi Ace 1.72 Citrus, Herbal, Grassy Unique lemon and dill characteristics
EKG (UK) 1.70 Floral, Spicy, Tobacco/Earthy Smooth and delicate with floral, lavender, spice, honey, earth, lemon and thyme overtones
Tettnang 1.69 Spicy Noble aroma that is pleasant and spicy
Galena 1.69 Citrus, Stone Fruit, Spicy Spicy, blackcurrant and citrus (grapefruit) tones
Horizon 1.65 Floral, Spicy Pleasant and spicy, with floral characteristics
Fuggle 1.63 Fruity, Tobacco/Earthy Mild wood and fruit characteristics
Northern Brewer (GR) 1.58 Floral, Herbal Medium intense herbal and floral tones
Hallertau 1.58 Floral, Spicy, Herbal Mild and pleasant, yet spicy, with herbal and floral characteristics
WGV (UK) 1.55 Floral, Tobacco/Earthy, Herbal Fresh earthy, botanical and floral flavors
Cluster 1.55 Floral, Spicy Strong floral and spicy characteristics
Sterling 1.51 Citrus, Spicy Herbal and spicy, with a hint of floral, citrus (lemon/pineapple) characteristics
Chelan 1.50 Citrus, Floral Mild floral and citrus characteristics
Willamette 1.46 Floral, Spicy Mild and pleasant, with slightly spicy and floral tones
Amarillo 1.45 Citrus, Floral, Tropical Fruit Floral, tropical, and citrus (lemon, orange and grapefruit) characteristics
Liberty 1.31 Citrus, Spicy Mild and spicy with subtle lemon and citrus characteristics
Brewers Gold (GR) 1.27 Fruity, Spicy Black currant, fruit and spice characteristics
Perle (GR) 1.22 Fruity, Floral, Spicy Delicate floral, fruit, spice and mint tones
Saaz 1.21 Spicy, Tobacco/Earthy Mild spice and earth tones
Palisade 1.15 Stone Fruit, Herbal, Grassy Apricot, grass and clean floral charcteristics
Styrian Celeia 1.08 Floral Pleasant and hoppy, similar to traditional European varieties
Cascade 1.06 Fruity, Citrus, Floral Medium intense floral, citrus and grapefruit tones
Santiam 1.01 Floral, Spicy, Herbal Slightly spicy with herbal and floral characteristics
Mt. Hood 0.94 Spicy, Tobacco/Earthy, Herbal Mild, herbal and somewhat pungent or spicy
Vanguard 0.92 Floral, Herbal Herbal and floral tones
Tahoma 0.88 Citrus, Cedar, Pine Predominate citrus and lemon notes with cedar, pine, floral, pepper and subtle green melon notes.
Ahtanum 0.86 Citrus, Floral, Tobacco/Earthy Floral, earthy, citrus and grapefruit tones
Mt. Rainier 0.84 Citrus, Floral, Spicy Floral and noble aromas, with citrus and licorice overtones
Hallertau (GR) 0.75 Mild, yet spicy, with floral and citrus tones
Glacier 0.69 Herbal Pleasant hop aroma
Tettnang (GR) 0.69 Floral, Tobacco/Earthy, Herbal Mild and pleasant with balanced earthy, herbal and floral aroma impressions
Crystal 0.63 Spicy Mild, spicy and floral

You might also be interested in reading the answers to these questions:
Which Hops have the Most Humulene?
Which Hops Have the Most Myrcene?
Which Hops Have the Most Linalool?
Which Hops Have the Most Geraniol?
Which Hops Have the Most Farnesene?
Which Hops Have the Most Caryophyllene?

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Cascade Hops

Cascade Hops

Cascade (US) hops profile:

  • Characteristics: Floral, with elements of citrus and notes of grapefruit
  • Purpose: Bittering & Aroma
  • Alpha Acids: 4.5%-8.9%
  • Beta Acids: 3.6%-7.5%
  • Origin: US
  • Substitutes: Centennial, Amarillo, Columbus, Ahtanum
  • Style Guide: Barley Wine, American Pale Ale, Ale, Lager

Australian cascade hops profile:

  • Characteristics: Same as Cascade (US) but with more notes of grapefruit
  • Purpose: Aroma
  • Alpha Acids: 5%-7%
  • Beta Acids: 5%-7%
  • Origin: Australia
  • Substitutes: Hallertau, East Kent Golding
  • Style Guide: Barley Wine, American Pale Ale, Australian Lager

Cascade hops are one of the most popular ingredients among brewers. Here are some FAQs people often ask about Cascade hops.

What beers use Cascade hops? The following list of beer styles commonly use cascade hops to help them achieve the flavour and aromas that make each of them unique.

  • American Pale Ale
  • India Pale Ale
  • American Porter
  • Blonde Ale
  • Amber Ale
  • American Hefeweizen
  • American Barley Wine
  • Red Ale

Beers with cascade hops: try the Mikkeller Single Hop Cascade IPA, the Hermitage Cascade 45 Single Hop IPA 7% and also try Little Creatures’ India Pale Ale (from the Single Batches).

What do Cascade hops taste like? Cascade has a pleasant, flowery and spicy, citrus-like quality with a slight grapefruit characteristic. In our opinion, Cascade hops also have a pineapple aroma. The hop is good for both flavour and aroma uses. It can also be used for bittering effectively, and can be used to make any ales, and indeed is characteristic of American pale ales; used in some lagers.

Where do Cascade hops come from? Cascade is grown in the U.S.A. in Oregon and Washington State. Willamette is a triploid aroma-type hop, which originated in the mid 1970’s and is a seedling of Fuggle. It is a very popular aroma hop, contributing in 1998 to 18% of the total USA hop crop.

Is Cascade a bittering hop? Magnum, Northern Brewer, and Cascade tend to be some of the most popular bittering hops. Most hops can be grouped as “citrus, piney, earthy” etc. and having a chart of this will allow you to easily substitute hops. it’s interesting to me to see people saying that cascade is used commonly as a bittering hop.

Why do hops taste like grapefruit? Lots of beer makers stick to various citrusy hops instead of actually adding grapefruit; Columbus, for example, especially gives off strong grapefruit flavor and aroma. … Its newest grapefruit puree adds a touch of tart, citrus flavor to a variety of fruit beers, ciders, meads and other fermented beverages.

What is Cascade in beer? Similar in flavour profile is the hop sometimes called “super Cascade:” Centennial. Boasting an elevated alpha acid content—this is the stuff that makes hops taste bitter—of 8 to 11%, compared to Cascade’s 4 to 6%, Centennial yields a more potent bitterness when used in similar quantities.

How do you grow Cascade hops? Place the rhizomes about 4 inches deep, and make your mound of soil about a foot high to aid drainage. Place the root side of the rhizome down. Cover the mound with some straw or light mulch to inhibit the weeds. The hop bines grow vertically and require some kind of trellis.