Aroma Specification: Fruity, Citrusy, Herbal
Type 90 Hop Pellets
Alpha-acid %: 6.0%
Beta-Acid %: 4.5 – 7
Oil Content: 1.3ml/100g
Production Date: May 2018
Best Before: May 2021
Similar hops: Centennial, Amarillo, Columbus, Ahtanum
Beer styles: Barley Wine, American Pale Ale, Ale, Lager, IPA, American IPA, India Pale Ale
Taste and Aroma
Cascade hops are an aroma variety with well-balanced bittering potential, good for dry hopping. Cascade hops have dark green elongated cones which contain moderate to high amounts of alpha acids compared to many other hop types. They have a pleasant, flowery and spicy, citrus-like quality with a slight grapefruit characteristic. Cascade hops are a multi-purpose hop good for both flavor and aroma uses, well suited to just about any ale and lager. It is not uncommon that bittering and aroma hops are the same. They can also be used for bittering effectively, and can be used to make any ales, are characteristic of pale ales; also they’re used in some lagers. If you’re choosing hops for an IPA, choose hops which assert both flavor and bitterness. Choose Cascade, Simcoe, Amarillo, Columbus for a classic IPA, especially American IPA, citrus character. Pine flavors can be achieved by using Chinook hops later in the boil.
Beer Styles Which Use Cascade Hops
Cascade Hops are commonly used in the following beer styles to help them achieve the flavor and aromas that make each of them unique.
- American Pale Ale
- India Pale Ale
- American Porter
- Blonde Ale
- Amber Ale
- American Hefeweizen
- American Barley Wine
- Red Ale
These cascade hops are imported from the US. Cascade hops, like other open source hops, can be farmed in many countries including Australia (including Cooma, NSW and Tasmania), Canada and Argentina however a large proportion of ascade hops are grown in the U.S.A., in particular the states of Oregon and Washington. Australian Cascade hops have similar resultant characteristics to the US variety. The Tasmanian variety contains less myrcene oil and more humulene oil as well as other more minor differences
According to Wikipedia, Cascade hops were developed in the USDA breeding program at Oregon State University by Dr. Stanley Nelson Brooks and Jack Horner in the 1960’s and released as an American aroma variety in 1971. Cascade hops originated from an open seed collection in 1956, including English Fuggle, Russian Serebrianker, and an unspecified male hop variety. Researchers were looking for resistance to downy mildew, a threat to hop yards, along with a good flavour. Cascade hops were named after the Cascade mountain range that runs through the states of Washington, Oregon, California and the Canadian province of British Columbia. The cascade hop variety was first used commercially in 1975 by the Anchor Brewing Company, which established it as a signature hop for American pale ale. Cascade hops now represent around 10% of all hops grown in the United States.
Cascade has grown to become one of the most recognizable varieties by both brewers and beer consumers alike. Despite the emergence of several popular proprietary varieties in recent years, Cascade has remained the number one most utilized variety in craft brewing since 2007, when the Brewers Association released its first hop usage report. What many beer enthusiasts may not know is that Cascade ultimately owes its success to the rapid growth of the craft beer industry and the coinciding growth in the popularity of hoppy, aromatic beer styles.
Cascade hops can be used in place of many other hop types, including Ahtanum hops, Amarillo hops, Cashmere hops and Centennial hops.